Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Job 27:20

"Terrors overtake him like a flood; A tempest steals him away in the night.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Death;   Meteorology and Celestial Phenomena;   Oppression;   Rich, the;   Wicked (People);   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Death of the Wicked, the;   Night;   Wind, the;  
Dictionaries:
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Job;   Providence;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Crime;   Job, Book of;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Terrors take hold on him as waters - They come upon him as an irresistible flood; and he is overwhelmed as by a tempest in the night, when darkness partly hides his danger, and deprives him of discerning the way to escape.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Job 27:20". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/job-27.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Terrors-take hold on him as waters - That is, as suddenly and violently as angry floods; compare the notes at Job 18:14.

A tempest stealeth him away - He is suddenly cut off by the wrath of God. A tempest comes upon him as unexpectedly as a thief or robber comes at night. Death is often represented as coming upon man with the silence of a thief, or the sudden violence of a robber at midnight; see the note at Job 21:17; compare Matthew 24:42-44.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Job 27:20". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/job-27.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Terrors take hold on him as waters,.... The terrors of death, and of an awful judgment that is to come after it; finding himself dying, death is the king of terrors to him, dreading not only the awful stroke of death itself, but of what is to follow upon it; or rather these terrors are those that seize the wicked man after death; perceiving what a horrible condition he is in, the terrors of a guilty conscience lay hold on him, remembering his former sins with all the aggravating circumstances of them; the terrors of the law's curses lighting upon him, and of the wrath and fury of the Almighty pouring out on him and surrounding him, and devils and damned spirits all about him. These will seize him "as waters", like a flood of waters, denoting the abundance of them, "terror on every side", a "Magormissabib", Jeremiah 20:3, will he be, and coming with great rapidity, with an irresistible force, and without ceasing, rolling one after another in a sudden and surprising manner:

a tempest stealeth him away in the night; the tempest of divine wrath, from which there is no shelter but the person, blood, and righteousness of Christ; this comes like a thief, suddenly and unexpectedly, and steals the wicked man out of this world; or rather from the judgment seat, and carries him into the regions of darkness, of horror and black despair, where he is surrounded with the aforesaid terrors; this is said to be in the night, to make it the more shocking and terrible, see Luke 12:19; and may have respect to that blackness that attends a tempest, and to that blackness of darkness reserved for wicked men, Judges 1:13.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Job 27:20". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/job-27.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

(Job 18:11; Job 22:11, Job 22:21). Like a sudden violent flood (Isaiah 8:7, Isaiah 8:8; Jeremiah 47:2): conversely (Psalm 32:6).

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 27:20". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/job-27.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Terrors take hold on him as waters, a tempest stealeth him away in the night.

Terrors — From the sense of approaching death or judgment.

Waters — As violently and irresistibly, as a river breaking its banks, or deluge of waters bears down all before it.

A tempest — God's wrath cometh upon him like a tempest, and withal unexpectedly like a thief in the night.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Job 27:20". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/job-27.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Job 27:20 Terrors take hold on him as waters, a tempest stealeth him away in the night.

Ver. 20. Terrors take hold on him as waters] Abundantly, suddenly, irresistibly; he is even swallowed up by them and overwhelmed; as he that is plunged into a deep pit full of water, or that hath the proud surges going over his soul, Psalms 124:5. The misery of it is, that these waters are fiery, and hell is a lake; but a burning lake, and such also as hath eternity to the bottom.

A tempest stealeth him away in the night] i.e. Furtim, et repente et horribiliter. Night is itself full of terror; but much more when a tempest is up, and thieves are abroad, &c. Oh! it must needs be a terrible time indeed, when death shall come with a writ of Habeas corpus, and the devil with another of Habeas animam upon a man at once. Petrus Suetorius speaketh of one that preaching a funeral sermon on a certain canon at Paris, and giving him large commendations, heard at the same time a voice in the church, Mortuus sum, iudicatus sum, damnatus sum, I am dead, judged, and damned (Pet. Suetor. de Vit. Carth). Oh! let us but think with ourselves, though it pass all thought, what a screech the poor soul giveth when hurled into hell; there to suffer such tortures and torments as it shall never be able to avoid or abide!

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Job 27:20". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/job-27.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Job 27:20. Terrors take hold on him, &c.— See Proverbs 10:25. The meaning of the high metaphors in these verses is, that he dieth, as most wicked men do, in the utmost terror, tumult, and confusion.

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Bibliographical Information
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Job 27:20". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/job-27.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Terrors take hold on him, from the sense of his approaching death or judgment.

As waters; either,

1. In abundance, one terror after another. Or,

2. Violently and irresistibly, as a river breaking its banks, or a deluge of waters bears down and overwhelms all that is before it.

A tempest stealeth him away in the night; God’s wrath and judgment cometh upon him forcibly like a tempest, and withal secretly and unexpectedly, like a thief in the night.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Job 27:20". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/job-27.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

20.As waters — Suddenly, violently, continuously. “One terror after another, without intermission, as waters mix together in a flood.” — Rabbi Levi. “That man, then,” says Plato, “who discovers in his own life much iniquity, and, like children, constantly starts in his sleep, is full of terrors, and lives on with scarce a hope of the future.” See, further, his “Republic,” b. 1, ch. 5.

 

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Job 27:20". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/job-27.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Job 27:20. Terrors take hold on him — From the sense of approaching death or judgment. As waters — As violently and irresistibly as a river breaking its banks, or a deluge of waters bears down all before it. A tempest stealeth, &c. — God’s wrath cometh upon him like a tempest, and withal unexpectedly like a thief in the night.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Job 27:20". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/job-27.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Night. Darkness often denotes disgrace and misery.

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Job 27:20". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/job-27.html. 1859.

Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible

"As in verse 19, calamity calls him from his night chambers. The wicked man is haunted by terrors night and day (Isaiah 28:17; Hosea 5:10; Amos 5:24)" (Strauss p. 267).

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Bibliographical Information
Dunagan, Mark. "Commentary on Job 27:20". "Mark Dunagan Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/job-27.html. 1999-2014.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Terrors take hold on him as waters, a tempest stealeth him away in the night.
Terrors
15:21; 18:11; 22:16; Psalms 18:4; 42:7; 69:14,15; Jonah 2:3
a tempest
20:23; 21:18; Exodus 12:29; 2 Kings 19:35; Daniel 5:30
Reciprocal: Esther 7:9 - Behold;  Job 20:25 - terrors;  Psalm 83:15 - GeneralPsalm 90:5 - Thou;  Psalm 103:16 - the wind;  Proverbs 14:32 - driven;  Isaiah 1:15 - when

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 27:20". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-27.html.