Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Job 36:13

"But the godless in heart lay up anger; They do not cry for help when He binds them.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Afflictions and Adversities;   Hypocrisy;   The Topic Concordance - Deliverance;   God;   Hearing;   Heart;   Hypocrisy;   Poverty;   Uncleanness;   Wrath;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Hypocrites;  
Dictionaries:
Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Hypocrisy;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Job, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Hypocrisy;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Elihu;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Godless;   Heap;   Heart;   Hypocrisy;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Anger;   Hypocrisy;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

But the hypocrites in heart - חנפי chanphey, the profligates, the impious, those who have neither the form nor the power of godliness. The hypocrite is he who has the form but not the power, though he wishes to be thought as inwardly righteous as he is outwardly correct; and he takes up the profession of religion only to serve secular ends. This is not the meaning of the word in the book of Job, where it frequently occurs.

They cry not - "Though he binds them, yet they cry not." They are too obstinate to humble themselves even under the mighty hand of God.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Job 36:13". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/job-36.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

But the hypocrites in heart heap up wrath - By their continued impiety they lay the foundation for increasing and multiplied expressions of the divine displeasure. Instead of confessing their sins when they are afflicted, and seeking for pardon: instead of returning to God and becoming truly his friends, they remaian impenitent, unconverted, and are rebellious at heart. They complain of the divine government and plans, and their feelings and conduct make it necessary for God further to interpose, until they are finally cut off and consigned to ruin. Elihu had stated what was the effect in two classes of persons who were afflicted. There were those who were truly pious, and who would receive affliction as sent from God for purposes of discipline, and who would repent and seek his mercy; Job 36:11. There were those, as a second class, who were openly wicked, and who would not be benfited by afflictions, and who would thus be cut off, Job 36:12. He says, also, that there was a third class - the class of hypocrites, who also were not profited by afflictions, and who would only by their perverseness and rebellion heap up wrath. It is “possible” that he may have designed to include Job in this number, as his three friends had done, but it seems more probable that he meant merely to suggest to Job that there was such a class, and to turn his mind to the “possibility” that he might be of the number. In explaining the design and effect of afflictions, it was at least proper to refer to this class, since it could not be doubted that there were people of this description.

They cry not when he bindeth them - They do not cry to God with the language of penitence when he binds them down by calamities; see Job 36:8.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Job 36:13". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/job-36.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

But the hypocrites in heart heap up wrath,.... Or "and the hypocrites"F19וחנפי "et hypocritae", Montanus; "et loripedes", Schultens. ; for these are the same with the disobedient in Job 36:12; who seem to be righteous, but are not; pretend to what they have not; have a double heart, Psalm 12:2, or say one thing with their mouth, and mean another thing in their hearts; or with their mouths draw nigh to God, but their hearts are far from him, Matthew 15:8; and so hypocrites, at least outwardly righteous before men, but inwardly full of wickedness, as the Pharisees were, whom our Lord often calls hypocrites, Matthew 15:7, these "put" or add wrath, as Aben Ezra interprets it; they increase the wrath of God; or, as we express it, heap up wrath; or, to use the apostle's phrase, treasure up wrath against the day of wrath: though some understand it of the wrath of the hypocrites against God for afflicting them; so Jarchi. When afflictions come upon them, they reproach and blaspheme; they are angry with God and are wrathful, and quarrel at his dealings with them: "they put the nose"F20ושימו אף "ponent nasum", Montanus; "ponunt nasum". Schultens. ; so it may be literally rendered; they erect that against God, and point it at him in a proud, haughty, wrathful, and contumacious manner;

they cry not when he bindeth them; in fetters and cords of affliction, Job 36:8; or when he corrects them, as Mr. Broughton rightly as to the sense renders it: they pray not, as Ben Gersom interprets it; whereas sanctified afflictions bring good men to the throne of grace, who have been too long absent from it: but these men cry not unto God for grace and mercy, help, assistance, and deliverance; they cry out against God, but not unto him.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Job 36:13". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/job-36.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

But the hypocrites h in heart heap up wrath: they i cry not when he bindeth them.

(h) Which are maliciously bent against God, and flatter themselves in their vices.

(i) When they are in affliction they do not seek God for help, as Asa in (2 Chronicles 16:12).

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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Job 36:13". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/job-36.html. 1599-1645.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

But the hypocrites in heart heap up wrath: they cry not when he bindeth them.

Cry not — Unto God for help.

Bindeth — With the cords of affliction.

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Job 36:13". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/job-36.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Job 36:13 But the hypocrites in heart heap up wrath: they cry not when he bindeth them.

Ver. 13. But the hypocrites in heart heap up wrath] Or, Yet; or, Howbeit: q.d. These foul sinners, that have turned repentance into a form, and converted conversion itself into sin, though they see bad men made good and good men made better by their afflictions, and incorrigible persons destroyed before their eyes, yet they amend not by God’s hand upon them, but are the worse for it; as iron grows more cold after a heat, and as naughty boys are more stupid and more stubborn after a whipping. Hypocritis nihit stupidius. These hollow hearted ones heap up wrath against the day of wrath, as St Paul makes up this saying, Romans 2:5, which shall fall upon the Jew first, because of his pretence to religion, and then upon the Gentile. Nemo enim magis iram meretur, quam amicum simulans inimicus, saith Bernard, No man more deserveth wrath upon wrath than a feigned friend but true enemy. Such are all hypocrites, whether gross or close. And hence our Saviour’s severity against such in the Gospel, but especially Matthew 23:1-39 Neither let any such goat in sheep skin think to steal on Christ’s right hand at the last day; he shall uncase such and cashier them, yea, cast them into the hottest fire of hell, whereof hypocrites are as the freeholders, and other sinners but as tenants to them, for they shall have their portion with the devil and hypocrites. Some render it, Ponunt iram, and expound it incandescunt in Deum: When they are afflicted they wax hot against God, they gather wrath, as a toad swelleth when handled, as a serpent gathereth poison to spue out at those who meddle with him.

They cry not when God binds them] Cry they do after a sort, as hogs do when to be stuck; or dogs, when tied up from their meat. Murmur they do, and expostulate a wrong with God, as those Isaiah 58:2-3. Non ita Deos coluimus, as that heathen hypocrite said, We have not served God so well that he should serve us no better; but pray they do not, unless it be as those hypocrites in Zechariah 7:1-14, who fasted to themselves, and prayed for their own ends, more to get off their chains than their sins. They bear fruit to themselves, as Ephraim, and see what comes of it.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Job 36:13". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/job-36.html. 1865-1868.

Charles Simeon's Horae Homileticae

DISCOURSE: 489

HYPOCRISY EXPOSED

Job 36:13. The hypocrites in heart heap up wrath.

SUFFERINGS are to the soul what the furnace is to gold; they serve to ascertain the measure of its purity or its corruption. If under the pressure of them we humble ourselves before God, and correct whatever we may find to have been amiss, they will promote at once the renovation of our nature, and the honour of him by whose gracious providence they are laid upon us: but, if we murmur at them, and rebel against our God, they will betray a heart unsound and hypocritical. As to the measure of temporal advantage that shall accrue to those who patiently endure the Lord’s will, or to the temporal miseries that shall be sustained by hypocrites, we apprehend that Elihu, as well as the three friends of Job, was, though in a less measure than they, mistaken: but as to the eternal consequences of uprightness or hypocrisy, he was perfectly correct: “The hypocrites in heart heap up wrath.”

This expression is deserving of the most attentive consideration. But so to delineate the hypocrisy of the heart, as neither to encourage an undue confidence by distinctions that are inadequate, nor to wound the feelings of the upright by too refined distinctions, is a work of great difficulty. We will however, in dependence on God’s help, attempt it; and will proceed to describe,

I. The characters here mentioned—

The heart is the seat both of uprightness and hypocrisy: the upright are “the upright in heart;” and the hypocrites, “the hypocrites in heart.” Of those whose hypocrisy is gross and glaring, we shall forbear to speak [Note: See two most extraordinary instances; Ishmael. Jeremiah 41:2-7, (N. B. his weeping); and Johanan, Jeremiah 42:1-6; Jeremiah 42:20.]. We will rather draw your attention to those whose religion is,

1. Formal and vain-glorious—

[The religion of many consists in an outward respect for certain forms, which, though not necessary in themselves, they think it expedient to observe, in order to maintain a reputation for piety, and to set a good example to the lower orders of the community. Different degrees of strictness obtain among them in relation to these things: some of a more zealous cast, say, as it were, “Come, and see my zeal for the Lord:” whilst others are contented with the round of duties, to satisfy their own consciences, and to enable them to say, “What lack I more?” But in all this there is nothing of regard for God: it is hypocrisy altogether: and hence our blessed Lord, speaking of such characters, says, “Ye hypocrites, well did Isaiah prophesy of you, saying, This people draw near unto me with their lips, but their hearts are far from me [Note: Matthew 15:7-8.].”]

2. Partial and temporary—

[Certain occasions sometimes arise to excite men to diligence in seeking after God: and, if the making of some particular sacrifices would suffice, they would willingly pay the price. But to “follow the Lord fully,” to give up themselves to him without reserve, to “be steadfast and immoveable, and always abounding in the work of the world,” this is more than they can consent to: and, when required to do these things, they, like the Rich Youth in the Gospel, renounce all hope in Christ, rather than forego the things to which their carnal hearts are more attached. Under the pressure of some heavy affliction, they are like men in a storm; who will rather throw overboard their provisions and the tackling of the ship, than suffer the ship to sink: but they cast not out their sins on account of the hatred they bear to them, but only from an apprehension, that, if not cast away, they will operate to the destruction of their souls: and, when the storm is over, they will be as ready as ever to return to their former habits. But all this argues an unsoundness of principle; and proceeds from hypocrisy in the heart. So the Scriptures uniformly declare [Note: Hosea 5:15; Hosea 6:4; Hosea 7:16. Isaiah 26:16. Psalms 78:34-37. See especially Job 27:8-10.] — — — and so it will assuredly be found in the last day [Note: Matthew 7:22-23.].]

3. Weak and ineffectual—

[The object of all religion is to renew and sanctify the soul: and if it produce not this effect, it is of no avail. The delivering us from gross immoralities is but half its work: it must purge the soul from all allowed evil, of whatever kind it be. If our religion prevail not to overcome our high thoughts of ourselves [Note: Habakkuk 2:4.], and uncharitable censures of others [Note: Matthew 7:3-5.]; if it do not enable us to govern and control our tongues [Note: James 1:26.], and indeed to rescue us from the dominion of every known sin, we are under a delusion, and deceive ourselves to our eternal ruin [Note: Mark 9:43-48.]. It matters not how high our pretensions may have been, or how exalted our reputation; the mask will at last be taken from our face, and our degradation be proportioned to the eminence from which we fall [Note: Job 20:4-7. with 33:14.]. The stony-ground hearers are not saved by their transient joys; nor are the thorny-ground hearers accepted on account of their stinted fruits: those only approve themselves truly upright, who bring forth fruit unto perfection, and “have respect unto all the commandments [Note: Matthew 13:19-23. Psalms 119:6.].”]

Little are such characters aware, what is indeed,

II. Their melancholy employment—

Every sinner may properly be said to be “treasuring up wrath against the day of wrath [Note: Romans 2:5.]:” but this is more particularly the case with hypocrites; because,

1. Their sins are more heinous than those of others—

[They are more insulting to the Majesty of heaven.—The sins of all are heinous, inasmuch as they trample on the authority of God: but hypocrites pour contempt upon him: they say, in their hearts, ‘Tush, God shall not see: “the thick clouds are a covering to him:” he cannot discern good from evil, but may be imposed on, like any of us.’ But how offensive must such thoughts be to the heart-searching God! and how greatly must they aggravate the guilt of any sins committed by us!

They are also more injurious to the Divine honour.—Those who make no profession of religion may do what they will, and God is not dishonoured, any farther than as his authority is set at nought: but when a man pretending to be religious betrays his hypocrisy, the world cry out against God himself, “blaspheming his holy name [Note: 2 Samuel 12:14.],” and calumniating his blessed Gospel [Note: 2 Peter 2:2.].

They are also more destructive to our fellow-creatures.—Sins committed by others, pass unheeded; but committed by them, are made stumbling-blocks to the whole world. It is surprising how the ungodly triumph on such occasions; ‘There, there, so would we have it! they are all hypocrites alike; religion is only an empty name; and they are most honest and most to be depended on, who discard it altogether.’

Thus the sins of hypocrites are really more aggravated as to their guilt than others, and therefore they entail on those who commit them a heavier condemnation.]

2. Their best actions, as well as their worst, augment their guilt before God—

[If they come into the house of God, and offer the most costly sacrifices, they still only heap up wrath against the day of wrath [Note: Proverbs 21:27.]. God abhors their very best services [Note: Isaiah 1:11-15.], and accounts them no better than “the cutting off a dog’s neck, or offering him swines’ blood [Note: Isaiah 66:3.].” Their most common actions also, which have no reference to religion, are hateful to him: “the very ploughing of the wicked is sin [Note: Proverbs 21:4.].” Thus wherever they are, and whatever they do, they are only swelling the number of their sins, and treasuring up for themselves a more accumulated load of misery to all eternity. Unhappy people! they think, perhaps, or may even be confident, that all is well with them; whilst yet their one employment is to add sin to sin in this world, and misery to misery in the world to come. And hence the portion of hypocrites is represented as that which is more terrible than any that will be assigned to any other class of sinners whatever [Note: Matthew 24:51.].]

Infer,

1. What need is there for self-examination!

[This is the improvement which God himself teaches us to make of this subject [Note: Galatians 6:3-5.]. O search and try yourselves with all possible care; and, knowing how deceitful the heart is, beg of God to “search and try it” for you, that you may “see if there be any wicked way in you, and may be led in the way everlasting [Note: Psalms 139:23-24.].”]

2. How earnestly should we pray for the renewing influences of the Holy Spirit!

[So did David [Note: Psalms 51:10.]; and so should we do. The old nature, however corrected, is corrupt still: we must be “created anew in Christ Jesus,” and “be renewed in the spirit of our minds.” To “take away the heart of stone, and to give us hearts of flesh,” is God’s work. O cry to him for it: and be not satisfied with “a name to live, whilst you are really dead” lest, like the Foolish Virgins, you be found destitute of that grace, which can alone prepare you for the coming of the heavenly Bridegroom.]

3. How happy are they who have experienced a work of grace in their souls!

[These are accepted in all that they do; their prayers, their tears, their sighs, their groans, yea, their very thoughts, are all recorded in the book of God’s remembrance, and shall be brought forth to augment the eternal weight of glory provided for them [Note: Psalms 15:1-2. with Malachi 3:16-17.]. Ye, then, who are cleaving with full purpose of heart unto the Lord, and striving really to glorify him in all things, rejoice in the prospects that are before you: and “keep your hearts with all diligence,” that ye may be found “Israelites indeed, in whom is no guile,” and “may stand perfect and complete in all the will of God.”]

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Simeon, Charles. "Commentary on Job 36:13". Charles Simeon's Horae Homileticae. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/shh/job-36.html. 1832.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

The hypocrites in heart; such as are truly void of that piety which they profess; whereby he either secretly insinuates that Job was such a one; or gives him this occasion to search himself whether he were not so; or rather, admonisheth him not to carry himself like such a one, as he had hitherto done, and for which he reproved him, Job 34:8.

Heap up wrath, i.e. by their impious and obstinate carriage in all conditions, they treasure up God’s wrath against themselves.

They cry not unto God for help. They live in the gross neglect of God and of prayer.

When he bindeth them, to wit, with the cords of affliction, expressed Job 34:8, which is mentioned as an aggravation of their wickedness; because even wicked men, if not profligately bad, will seek God in time of affliction, Hosea 5:15. Withal he secretly reflects upon Job as one that behaved himself like a wicked man, because though he cried out of God in way of complaint, yet he did not cry unto him by humble supplication.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Job 36:13". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/job-36.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

Strophe c Hypocrisy of heart provokes the wrath of God — a wrath which is cumulative, since the soul defiantly resists the divine chastisement, Job 36:13-15.

13.Hypocrites — The Hebrew hhaneph frequently means also “impure.” In the opinion of some Elihu now specifies a third class.

Heap up wrath Thus Rosenmuller, Carey, etc. Others, however, read cherish wrath, (against God.) But not the less do the “hypocrites in heart,” though they know it not, heap up wrath; or, as the apostle expresses it, treasure up unto themselves wrath against the day of wrath. Romans 2:5. “The judgments of God do not always follow crimes as thunder doth lightning.’ When the sun hath shined for the space of six hours upon their tabernacles we know not what clouds the seventh may bring. And when their punishment doth come, let them make their account in the greatness of their suffering to pay the interest of that respite which hath been given them.” — HOOKER, Sermon on John 14:27.

They cry not, to God for pardon and help when “he bindeth them,” (as in Job 36:8,) but add to their sins “hardness and impenitence of heart.”

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Job 36:13". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/job-36.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Bound, in misery and evil habits. They will not have recourse to God by humble prayer, though they perceive his displeasure, and design in punishing them.

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Job 36:13". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/job-36.html. 1859.

Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible

Here is another warning, godless people do not learn from suffering, rather they store up resentment against God, others, and life in general.

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Dunagan, Mark. "Commentary on Job 36:13". "Mark Dunagan Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/job-36.html. 1999-2014.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(13) The hypocrites in heart.—The words rather mean the godless or profane in heart.

They cry not.—That is, cry not for help.

When he bindeth them.—That is, as in Job 36:8, he has been speaking especially of one kind of affliction, like that, namely, of Joseph.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Job 36:13". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/job-36.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

But the hypocrites in heart heap up wrath: they cry not when he bindeth them.
heap
Numbers 32:14; 2 Chronicles 28:13,22; Romans 2:5
they
15:4; 27:8-10; 35:9,10; Matthew 22:12,13
bindeth
8; Psalms 107:10
Reciprocal: Leviticus 14:41 - into an unclean place;  Job 8:13 - the hypocrite's;  Job 13:16 - for an hypocrite;  Job 15:34 - the congregation;  Job 38:23 - GeneralJob 40:13 - bind;  Isaiah 9:13 - the people;  Daniel 9:13 - made we not our prayer before;  Hosea 7:7 - there;  Haggai 2:17 - yet;  Matthew 12:32 - it shall not;  Luke 12:1 - which;  1 Peter 2:1 - hypocrisies

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 36:13". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-36.html.