Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Job 36:17

"But you were full of judgment on the wicked; Judgment and justice take hold of you.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Wicked (People);  
Dictionaries:
Holman Bible Dictionary - Job, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Justice;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Elihu;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Fulfil;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

But thou hast fulfilled the judgment of the wicked - As thou art acting like the wicked, so God deals with thee as he deals with them. Elihu is not a whit behind Job's other friends. None of them seems to have known any thing of the permission given by God to Satan to afflict and torment an innocent man.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Job 36:17". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/job-36.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

But thou hast fulfilled the judgment of the wicked - Rosenmuller explains this as meaning, “If under divine inflictions and chastisements you wish to imitate the obduracy of the wicked, then the cause and the punishment will mutually sustain them selves; that is, the one will be commensurate with the other.” But it is not necessary to regard this as a “supposition.” It has rather the aspect of; an affirmation, meaning to express the fact that Job “had,” as Elihu feared, envinced the same spirit in his trials which the wicked do. He had not seen in him evidence of penitence and of a desire to return to God, but had heard complaints and murmurings, such as the wicked indulge in. He had “filled up,” or “fulfilled,” the judgment of the wicked; that is, he had in no way come short of the opinion which “they” expressed of the divine dealings. Still it is possible that the word “if” may be here understood, and that Elihu means merely to state that if Job should manifest the same spirit with the wicked, instead of a spirit of penitence, he would have reason to apprehend the same doom which they experience.

Judgment and justice take hold on thee - Margin, “or, should uphold thee.” The Hebrew word here rendered “take” - יתמכוּ yitmokû is from תמך tâmak - “to take hold of, to obtain, to hold fast, to support.” Rosenmuller and Gesenius suppose that the word here has a “reciprocal” sense, and means they take hold of each other, or sustain each other. Prof. Lee renders it, “Both judgment and justice will uphold this;” that is, the sentiment which he had just advanced, that Job had filled up the judgment of the wicked. Urnbrett renders it, “If thou art full of the opinion of the wicked, then the opinion and justice will rapidly follow each other.”

Doch worm du yell bist yon des Frevlers Urtheil,

So werden Urthoil und Gericht schnell auf einander folgen.

According to this the meaning is, that if Job held the opinions of wicked people, he must expect that these opinions would be rapidly followed by judgment, or that they would go together, and support each other. This seems to me to be in accordance with the connection, and to express the thought which Elihu meant to convey. It is a sentiment which is undoubtedly true - that if a man holds the sentiments, and manifests the spirit of the wicked, he must expect to be treated as they are.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Job 36:17". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/job-36.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

But thou hast fulfilled the judgment of the wicked,.... SomeF23Schmidt, Michaelis. take this to be a continuation of the happiness Job would have enjoyed, had he behaved in his affliction as he ought to have done; then he would have been filled to satisfaction, by seeing the judgments of God exercised on wicked men, as on the Chaldeans and Sabeans, who had injured him: "and judgment and justice would have upheld thee"; when they should be cast down. But these words rather seem to be expressive of his present state, and the reason of it, he not being sufficiently humbled: and the sense is, not that he had lived a vicious course of life, as the wicked do, and filled up the measure of his wickedness as they; and so deserved to be filled with the like judgments as inflicted on them. Mr. Broughton reads the words,

"as thou hast fulfilled the sentence of the wicked, sentence and judgment have laid hold:'

but rather the meaning is, that he had "fulfilled the contention of the wicked"F24ירין רשע מלאת "et litem improbi implevisti", Schultens. ; pleaded as they did, argued with God after their manner: and therefore is said to go in company and walk with them, and make answers for them, Job 34:8. Wherefore

justice and judgment take hold on thee; afflictions in righteousness, or the chastening hand of God, in righteous judgment, had taken hold upon him, and would hold him until he was sufficiently humbled under them.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Job 36:17". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/job-36.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

But thou hast fulfilled the m judgment of the wicked: judgment and justice take hold [on thee].

(m) You are altogether after the manner of the wicked: for you murmur against the justice of God.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Job 36:17". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/job-36.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Rather, “But if thou art fulfilled (that is, entirely filled) with the judgment of the wicked (that is, the guilt incurring judgment” [Maurer]; or rather, as Umbreit, referring to Job 34:5-7, Job 34:36, the judgment pronounced on God by the guilty in misfortunes), judgment (God‘s judgment on the wicked, Jeremiah 51:9, playing on the double meaning of “judgment”) and justice shall closely follow each other [Umbreit].

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 36:17". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/job-36.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

But thou hast fulfilled the judgment of the wicked: judgment and justice take hold on thee.

The judgment — Or, the sentence, thou hast justified the hard speeches which wicked men utter against God.

Therefore — Therefore the just judgment of God takes hold on thee. Thou hast maintained their cause against God, and God passes against thee the sentence of condemnation due to wicked men.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Job 36:17". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/job-36.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Job 36:17 But thou hast fulfilled the judgment of the wicked: judgment and justice take hold [on thee].

Ver. 17. But thou hast fulfilled the judgment of the wicked] But thou contrariwise blusterest against God, and blurtest out such words, that thou seemest to be as bad as the worst, and to have little or no goodness in thee. See Job 34:8. It is a shame to God’s holy people to symbolize with the wicked, to be carnal in their speeches or carriages, and to walk as men, 2 Corinthians 3:3. They should so speak and so do as those that shall be judged by the law of liberty, James 2:12.

Judegment and justice take hold of thee] Thou art worthily attached by the Divine justice, which thou hast quarrelled.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Job 36:17". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/job-36.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

The judgment; or, the cause, or sentence, as the word most properly signifieth. Thou hast fully pleaded their cause, and justified the hard and reproachful speeches which wicked men in their rage utter against God, condemning God and justifying themselves.

Judgment and justice take hold on thee; or, therefore (which is oft understood) the sentence and judgment (or, the judicial sentence, to wit, of the wicked now mentioned) shall take hold on thee. Thou hast maintained their cause against God, and God shall pass against thee their sentence, or the sentence of condemnation due to such wicked men.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Job 36:17". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/job-36.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

17.But thou hast fulfilled But if thou art filled with the judgment of the wicked, then will judgment and justice take hold, (on thee,) or, as others read, “hold fast together,” that is, being closely joined, they will prove inseparable. For him whose mind is filled with the judgment, , of the wicked, who makes “answers for wicked men,” (Job 34:36,) judgment, , and justice wait; an element of retributive justice, like for like. “He whom thou presumest to judge with words will judge thee indeed.” — Schlottmann.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Job 36:17". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/job-36.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Job 36:17. But thou hast fulfilled the judgment of the wicked — Or, the cause, or sentence, as the word דיןdin, most properly signifies. Thou hast fully pleaded their cause, and justified the hard speeches which wicked men utter against God. Therefore the just judgment of God takes hold on thee. Thou hast maintained their cause against God, and God passes against thee the sentence of condemnation due to wicked men.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Job 36:17". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/job-36.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Recover. Thou shalt be treated as thou hast treated others. Hebrew is not well understood. It may be, "Thou hast spoken like the impious; but judgment and justice rule. (18) Beware lest wrath overtake thee, so that thy prayers may not avert it. (19) Will He regard thy cries, thy riches, gold or strength?" (Calmet)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Job 36:17". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/job-36.html. 1859.

Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible

"Instead, he lashed out at God and so was visited with judgment such as is suitable for the wicked" (Jackson p. 73).

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Dunagan, Mark. "Commentary on Job 36:17". "Mark Dunagan Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/job-36.html. 1999-2014.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

But thou hast fulfilled the judgment of the wicked: judgment and justice take hold on thee.

'But if thou art fulfilled (i:e., entirely filled) with the judgment of the wicked' (i:e., the guilt incurring judgment, 'But if thou art fulfilled (i:e., entirely filled) with the judgment of the wicked' (i:e., the guilt incurring judgment, Maurer; or, as Umbreit, referring to Job 34:5-7; Job 34:36, the judgment pronounced on God by the guilty in misfortunes), judgment (God's judgment on the wicked; Jeremiah 51:9, playing on the double meaning of "judgment") and justice (or, as Maurer, 'guilt and its judicial penalty') shall closely follow each other' (Umbreit). The English version, however, is good sense, and accords with the Hebrew: 'Thou hast fulfilled the judgment of the wicked,' by making common cause with them in their judgment of God: accordingly, 'judgment (from God) and justice take hold'-namely, of thee. The abruptness of the Hebrew expresses better the retributive correspondence between Job's continuance in an unhumbled spirit of judging God and his continuance in affliction, the judicial just penalty. Job 34:7-8 shows Elihu puts no 'if' in the case, but asserts Job does "fulfil the judgment of the wicked."

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 36:17". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/job-36.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

But thou hast fulfilled the judgment of the wicked: judgment and justice take hold on thee.
fulfilled
16:5; 34:8,36; Romans 1:32; Revelation 18:4
take hold on thee
should uphold thee.
Reciprocal: Job 9:19 - he is strong;  Job 10:3 - Is it good;  Malachi 2:17 - Every;  Luke 12:58 - the judge

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 36:17". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-36.html.