Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Job 36:8

"And if they are bound in fetters, And are caught in the cords of affliction,
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Afflictions and Adversities;   Cord;   Righteous;   Rope;   The Topic Concordance - Death;   Deliverance;   Disobedience;   God;   Hearing;   Obedience;   Perishing;   Poverty;   Prosperity;   Righteousness;   Service;   Wrath;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Afflictions Made Beneficial;  
Dictionaries:
Fausset Bible Dictionary - Joseph;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Job, the Book of;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Fetters;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Elihu;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Affliction;   Cord;   Fetter;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Cruelty;   Fetters;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

And if they be bound in fetters - These are means which God uses, not of punishment, but of correction.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Job 36:8". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/job-36.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And if they be bound in fetters - That is, if the righteous are thrown into prison, and are subjected to oppressions and trials, or if they are chained down, as it were, on a bed of pain, or crushed by heavy calamities, the eye of God is still upon them. Their sufferings should not be regarded either as proof that they are hypocrites, or that God is regardless of them, and is indifferent whether people are good or evil. The true solution of the difficulty was, that God was then accomplishing purposes of discipline, and that happy results would follow if they would receive affliction in a proper manner.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Job 36:8". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/job-36.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And if they be bound in fetters,.... Not the wicked, as the Targum, but the righteous spoken of in Job 36:7, with which this is closely connected; and this is not to be understood of righteous kings on the throne in particular, or their special favourites, but of the righteous in general; and not in a literal sense, of their bonds and imprisonment for religion and righteousness sake, which is sometimes their lot; but in a figurative sense, of afflictions, as chastenings and corrections for sin, as appears by the next clause; and the design is to obviate an objection, and to show that the eye of God is upon them, and his heart towards them; and they are not the less objects of his love and delight, of his value and esteem, care and protection, though they are afflicted by him, and, as it may seem, used with some severity; seeing he has gracious ends and designs in all this, which are suggested in the following verses;

and be holden in cords of affliction; righteous men are not exempt from afflictions; the afflictions of the righteous are many, according to divine appointment, the covenant of grace, the declaration of God, the constant experience of good men, it being the way in which they are all led, and must enter into the kingdom; and the metaphor here used shows that afflictions are sometimes heavy upon them, like fetters and chains, and those made heavy by the hand of God pressing them sore, Lamentations 3:7; no affliction is joyous, but grievous and heavy in itself; it is indeed comparatively light when viewed with the weight of glory; and God can make a heavy affliction light with his presence, and the discoveries of his love; but they are heavy to the flesh, as Job felt his to be, Job 6:2; and, like fetters and cords, they cannot free themselves from them, or loose them, until it is the pleasure of God to take them off; and moreover by these they are sometimes held and restrained from going into more or greater sins, which is one use of them: as they are with afflictions hedged about that they cannot come out, any more than a person bound fast in a prison; so they are hedged up with thorns that they cannot go out after their lovers, Lamentations 3:7, Hosea 2:6. Some render the phrase, "cords of poverty"F12בתבלי עני "funibus paupertatis", Mercerus, Drusius; "funibus inopiae", Cocceius. ; it is oftentimes the case of righteous persons to be poor, and to be sadly hampered with poverty, and out of which, by all that they can do, cannot extricate themselves; and sometimes they fall into it, and are held in it, after they have enjoyed much worldly prosperity, which was the case of Job. Mr. Broughton renders it, cords of anguish; and indeed the word for "cords" is used of the pains of a woman in travail, who has then great anguish and trouble; and anguish on various accounts lays hold on the righteous, and they are holden thereby, and cannot relieve themselves, Psalm 119:143; and yet this is all in mercy, and to answer some good ends and purposes, as follow.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Job 36:8". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/job-36.html. 1999.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And if they be bound in fetters, and be holden in cords of affliction;

If — Through the vicissitude of worldly affairs, they are brought from their throne into a prison, as sometimes hath been done.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Job 36:8". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/job-36.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Job 36:8 And if [they be] bound in fetters, [and] be holden in cords of affliction;

Ver. 8. And if they be bound in fetters] If it so happens, that through abuse of their prosperity and preferment, they wander, as they are men, out of the right way, and God sends out afflictions as his pursuivants to attack them, and lay them in cold irons for their correction, and to prevent judgment, Psalms 107:10.

And be holden in cords of affliction] Or poverty; so that irretiti funibus misere vixerint (as the Tigurines here translate), they have only prisoners’ pittances, which will neither keep them alive nor suffer them to die.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Job 36:8". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/job-36.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

If through the vicissitude of worldly affairs, and the righteous judgment of God upon them for their sins, they be brought from their throne into a prison, as sometimes hath been done.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Job 36:8". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/job-36.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

Strophe b The sufferings the righteous experience are intended to be restorative, and at the same time to promote temporal and spiritual prosperity; failing of this, they entail destruction, Job 36:8-12.

8.Fetters and cords are used in a figurative sense. Arab writers, cited by Hitzig, formulate the thought thus: — “Sickness is God’s prison on the earth.” However lofty the elevation of the righteous, he is not beyond the afflictive hand of God; nay, quite as certainly as upon the lowliest shall the gathered clouds of adversity burst upon the heads of the highest, in order that their souls may also be severed and won from the deleterious influences of worldly prosperity. These glowing words (Job 36:8-12) have an oblique reference to Job. In the view of Elihu affliction is the voice of God to the soul, “not in anger, nor in wrath,” but in love. The contrast between the views of Elihu and those of “the friends,” as to the design of affliction, is most marked.

 

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Job 36:8". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/job-36.html. 1874-1909.

Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible

Yet even the righteous can get caught in affliction. "Sometimes righteous people undergo trials (are bound by chains) and are subjected to affliction (such as being chained, held fast by cords, to a bed of pain)" (Bible Knowledge Comm. p. 763). The New Testament notes that being righteous does not exempt one from suffering (Matthew 5:10-12; John 16:33; Acts 14:22; 2 Timothy 3:12).

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Dunagan, Mark. "Commentary on Job 36:8". "Mark Dunagan Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/job-36.html. 1999-2014.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And if they be bound in fetters, and be holden in cords of affliction;
if
13:27; 19:6; 33:18,19; Psalms 18:5; 107:10; 116:3; Lamentations 3:9
cords
Proverbs 5:22
Reciprocal: Genesis 42:21 - they said;  2 Samuel 22:6 - sorrows;  2 Chronicles 33:11 - the Lord;  Job 13:23 - make me;  Job 33:23 - to;  Job 36:13 - bindeth;  Psalm 107:14 - brake;  Amos 4:9 - yet;  Luke 15:18 - I have

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 36:8". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-36.html.