Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Job 5:19

"From six troubles He will deliver you, Even in seven evil will not touch you.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Afflictions and Adversities;   Faith;   God;   Happiness;   Philosophy;   Righteous;   Thompson Chain Reference - Afflictions;   Comfort;   Comfort-Misery;   Deliverance;   Promises, Divine;   Seven;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Judgments;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Seven;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Providence of God;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Greatness of God;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Seven;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Deliverance, Deliverer;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Number;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Numbers and Numerals;  
Devotionals:
Daily Light on the Daily Path - Devotion for September 9;   Faith's Checkbook - Devotion for August 20;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

He shall deliver thee in six troubles - The numbers six and seven are put here for many. Though a number of troubles should come upon thee all at once, and there should be no hope, humanly speaking, yet God would rid thee out of them all; for he saves as well from many as from few. We may also understand the words, He who hath been thy deliverer in past troubles, will not deny his help in those which are to come.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Job 5:19". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/job-5.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

He shall deliver thee in six troubles - Six is used here to denote an indefinite number, meaning that he would support in many troubles. This mode of speech is not uncommon among the Hebrews, where one number is mentioned, so that an extreme number may be immediately added. The method is, to mention a number within the limit, and then to add one more, meaning that in all instances the thing referred to would occur. The limit here is seven, with the Hebrews a complete and perfect number; and the idea is, that in any succession of troubles, however numerous, God was able to deliver. Similar expressions not unfrequently occur. Thus, in Amos 1:3, Amos 1:6, Amos 1:9, Amos 1:11, Amos 1:13; Amos 2:1, Amos 2:4, Amos 2:6:

Thus saith the Lord:

For three transgressions of Damascus, and for four,

I will not turn away the punishment thereof.

Thus saith the Lord:

For three transgressions of Gaza, and for four,

I will not turn away, the punishment thereof.

Thus saith the Lord:

For three transgressions of Tyrus, and for four,

I will not turn away the punishment thereof.

Thus in Proverbs 30:15:

There are three things that are never satisfied,

Yea, four things say not, It is enough.

There be three things that are too wonderful for me,

Yea, four which I know not. Proverbs 30:18.

For three things the earth is disquieted,

And for four which it cannot bear.” Proverbs 30:21.

There be three things that go well,

Yea, four are comely in going:

A lion which is strongest among beasts,

And turneth not away for any;

A grey-hound;

An he-goat also;

And a king, against whom there is no rising up.” Proverbs 30:29-31.

Compare Homer, Iliad vi. 174:

Εννήμαρ ξείνισσε καὶ ἐννέα βοῦς ἱέρευσεν

Ennēmar ceinisse kai ennea bous hiereusen enumeration, in regard to number similar to the one before us, occurs in Proverbs 6:16:

These six things doth the Lord hate;

Yea, seven are an abomination to him.

There shall no evil touch thee - That is, permanently; for he could not mean that he would not be subjected to calamity at all, since by the very supposition he was a sufferer. But the sense is, that God would save from those calamities.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Job 5:19". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/job-5.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

He shall deliver thee in six troubles,.... Behaving as before directed; seeking unto God, committing his cause and case to him, and leaving it with him; and not despising the chastening of the Lord, but receiving and bearing it with reverence, patience, and submission: and then the sense is, that God would deliver out of whatsoever troubles he was or should be in, though they were ever so many; a certain number being put for an uncertain one, Psalm 34:19,

yea, seven there shall no evil touch thee; which is a number expressive of multitude and of perfection, and so may denote the multitude and fulness of afflictions: the tribulations of God's people are many, through which they pass to heaven, and there is a measure of them to be filled up; and when they are come to the height, and the measure is fully up, then the Lord puts a stop to them, and delivers out of all their troubles; and in the midst of them all, so preserves them, that "no evil" shall so much as "touch" them; not the evil of punishment; for, though those troubles and afflictions that attend them are evil things, in a natural or civil sense, they are disagreeable and distressing, yet they are not the effect of vindictive justice; there is not a drop wrath and vengeance in them; and though they do come upon them and unto them, upon their persons and families; yet not so as to do any real hurt, or as to destroy them; see Psalm 91:10; some think that seven particular troubles are meant, hereafter mentioned, as Jarchi; as famine, war, an evil tongue, destruction, dearness of provision, the beasts of the earth, and the stones of the field.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Job 5:19". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/job-5.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

He shall deliver thee in s six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee.

(s) He will send trouble after trouble that his children may not for one time, but continually trust in him: but they sill have a comfortable issue, even in the greatest and the last, which is here called the seventh.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Job 5:19". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/job-5.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

yea, in seven — (Proverbs 6:16; Amos 1:3). The Hebrew idiom fixes on a certain number (here “six”), in order to call attention as to a thing of importance; then increases the force by adding, with a “yea, nay seven,” the next higher number; here “seven,” the sacred and perfect number. In all possible troubles; not merely in the precise number “seven.”

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 5:19". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/job-5.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee.

Deliver — If thou seekest to him by prayer and repentance. Here he applies himself to Job directly.

Six — Manifold and repeated.

Touch — So as to destroy thee. Thou shalt have a good issue out of all thy troubles, though they are both great and many.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Job 5:19". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/job-5.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Job 5:19 He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee.

Ver. 19. He shall deliver thee] Heb. Snatch thee away, or pull thee out, as a brand out of the fire, or as a prey out of the teeth of a wild beast. Thus God snatched Lot out of Sodom, David out of many waters, Paul out of the mouth of the lion, Jonah out of the belly of hell, &c. As birds flying, so will I defend Jerusalem, Isaiah 31:5. A metaphor from the eagle and other birds, which when they fly highest set a watchful eye upon the nest, to rescue their young ones in case of danger.

In six troubles] Or straits, such as enemies or other evils put men to. Israel at the Red Sea, for instance, where they were sorely distressed, encircled with troubles, neither was there any way of escape, unless they could have gone up to heaven, which because they could not, heaven came down to them and delivered them.

Yea, in seven] A certain number for an uncertain. Boundless deliverances will God grant to his people, even as oft as they shall need deliverance; enemies oft plough upon their backs, and God as often cuts their traces, Psalms 129:3-4. As Cato was two and thirty times accused, and two and thirty times cleared and absolved; so shall it be with the saints; and this not only at the end of the world, as Gregory and others interpret this text (as if by six and seven allusion were made to God’s creating the world in six days, and resting on the seventh; and so must his servants labour here under afflictions, and rest in heaven), but in this life present, where many are the troubles of the righteous (millions, some render it), but the Lord delivereth them out of all, Psalms 34:19; yea, in them all, as this text hath it, by his supporting grace, and those divine comforts, which, as blown bladders, bear them aloft all waters.

There shall no evil touch thee] sc. Tactu qualitativo, with a deadly touch. God chargeth afflictions as David did his captains concerning Absalom, Handle the young man gently for my sake. Touch not mine anointed, &c. Either touch them not at all, or not to hurt them. Troubles may touch the saints, but evils must not, 1 Corinthians 10:14.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Job 5:19". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/job-5.html. 1865-1868.

Sermon Bible Commentary

Job 5:19

I. The Friend spoken of in the text is none other than God Himself in the person of the Lord Jesus. "In six troubles He will be with you; yea, in seven no evil shall happen unto you." When trouble comes, it is trouble, say what we will; and when misfortune happens, it cannot do so without the evil of it touching us in some way. But if the Lord Jesus be with us in our trouble, then the trouble will be found easy to bear; and if when misfortune happens Christ is with us, we shall find that His presence outweighs in good all the evil that would crush us if it could. Learn then to cultivate nearness to Jesus. Go to Him constantly. Pray often. Read His holy word. Do His holy will. Then He will always be with you, ready to help in time of need.

II. A traveller has told us that he once witnessed a battle between a poisonous spider and an insect which it attacked. Every time the insect was bitten by the spider, and before the poison could work it settled on the leaves of a plant hard by and sucked them; and as it sucked them it was healed, and returned to the battle as strong and brave as before. But the traveller was cruel enough to take away the plant. The poor insect when bitten went as usual to look for it, but could not find it, and presently died on the spot. Here you have a picture of what is going on continually. Just like this feeble insect, you have to wage a battle with a poisonous enemy—Satan. As the insect, every time it was bitten, went to the healing plant, so you must go to the Healer likewise. There is but one; it is the Lord Jesus. Go to Him, and you will come back to the battle as brave and fresh as ever. Nobody and nothing can remove Christ out of the way. He remains an everlasting refuge to all who choose to flee to Him.

G. Litting, Thirty Sermons for Children, p. 168.


References: Job 5:23.—W. Burrows, Christian World Pulpit, vol. x., p. 68. Job 5:24.—Preacher's Monthly, vol. iv., p. 314. Job 5:26.—Spurgeon, Sermons, vol. i., No. 43. Job 6:1.—S. Baring-Gould, One Hundred Sermon Sketches, p. 208. Job 6:10.—Spurgeon, Sermons, vol. xxv., No. 1471. Job 6:15-17Homiletic Magazine, vol. x., p. 71. Job 6:25.—Expositor, 3rd series, vol. iv., p. 79. Job 6-7—S. Cox, Ibid., 1st series, vol. iv., p. 401; Ibid., Commentary on Job, p. 88. Job 7:1.—Spurgeon, Sermons, vol. xxi., No. 1258; G. Brooks, Outlines of Sermons, p. 286. Job 7:6.—E. Blencowe, Plain Sermons, 1st. series, p. 1. Job 7:12.—Spurgeon, Evening by Evening, p. 262.



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Nicoll, William R. "Commentary on Job 5:19". "Sermon Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sbc/job-5.html.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

He shall deliver thee, to wit, if thou seekest to him by prayer and repentance.

Six, i.e. manifold or repeated; as six is used for many, Proverbs 6:16.

There shall no evil touch thee, to wit, so as to undo or destroy thee, as touching is used, Joshua 9:19 Hebrews 11:28 1 John 5:18. See also Genesis 26:11,29 2 Samuel 14:10 Psalms 105:15 Zechariah 2:8. Thou shalt have a good issue out of all thy troubles, though they are both great and many.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Job 5:19". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/job-5.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

19.Six troubles — The speaker first incidentally suggests six, but as seven is the number expressive of completeness, he adds “in seven troubles;” that is, in all troubles, God will protect us against evil. He goes on to specify a few, say five, troubles, although Cocceius and Schultens conceive that seven are enumerated. Davidson sees a fine gradation in the ills, and observes that they are coupled together in pairs: — First pair: Public national calamity — famine and sword, (20.) Second pair: Personal private wrong from the powerful or malevolent — calumny, violence, (21.) Third pair: Personal private misfortune — hunger, (want from failure,) beasts of the field, (ravages on private property,) (22, 23.) “The number seven was esteemed a holy number also among other peoples, as the Persians, Hindus, and the ancient Germans.” — WINER, Rwb. This wondrous word “SEVEN,” according to Cicero, contains the mystery of all things, and tends, as Hippocrates, the ancient philosopher, said, through its occult virtues to the evolution of all things. The identity of the Hebrew word with , “to swear,” “take an oath,” as if men swore by this word seven, shows that from very ancient times it has been associated with a sacred idea.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Job 5:19". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/job-5.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

In six, mentioned below; (Menochius) or in many, indefinitely. (Calmet) --- Both during the six days of (Menochius) life, and at death, God's grace delivers us. (St. Gregory) (Worthington)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Job 5:19". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/job-5.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

six. Named in the following verses.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Job 5:19". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/job-5.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee.

In six ... yea, in seven - (Proverbs 6:16; Amos 1:3). The Hebrew idiom fixes on a certain number (here six), in order to call attention as to a thing of importance; then increases the force by adding, with a yea, nay even, the next higher number; here seven, the sacred and perfect number. In all possible troubles; not merely in the precise number seven. How many soever may be thy troubles, the Lord will deliver thee out of them all (Psalms 34:6; Psalms 34:15; Psalms 34:17; Psalms 34:19).

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 5:19". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/job-5.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(19) In six troubles.—The special form of speech here used is characteristic mainly of the Proverbs (see Job 6:16; Job 30:15; Job 30:18; Job 30:21). Since evil was emphatically touching Job, the actual irony of these words must have been bitter indeed.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Job 5:19". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/job-5.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee.
deliver thee
Psalms 34:19; 91:3-7; Proverbs 24:16; 1 Corinthians 10:13; 2 Corinthians 1:8; 2 Peter 2:9
no evil
Psalms 91:7-10
Reciprocal: Genesis 7:1 - Come;  Genesis 7:23 - and Noah;  Genesis 22:12 - Lay;  2 Samuel 7:11 - have caused;  Ezra 8:31 - the hand;  Job 22:29 - men;  Psalm 33:19 - to keep;  Psalm 91:5 - Thou;  Psalm 121:7 - preserve;  Psalm 129:2 - yet they have;  Ecclesiastes 11:2 - seven;  Jeremiah 39:11 - gave;  Jeremiah 39:17 - I will;  Ezekiel 14:20 - by;  Daniel 3:17 - our God;  Daniel 6:16 - Thy God;  Amos 1:3 - For;  Micah 5:5 - seven;  Acts 12:11 - and hath;  Philippians 2:27 - but God;  1 Timothy 4:8 - having;  2 Timothy 3:11 - but

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 5:19". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-5.html.