Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

John 21:13

Jesus *came and *took the bread and *gave it to them, and the fish likewise.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Fish;   Peter;  
Dictionaries:
Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Bread, Bread of Presence;   Hospitality;   Miracle;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Fishing, the Art of;   Peter;   Resurrection of Christ;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Fish;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Fish, Fishing;   John, the Gospel of;   Presence of God;   Resurrection;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - John, Gospel of;   Meals;   Peter;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Animals;   Discourse;   Draught of Fishes;   Food;   Honey;   Lord's Supper (Ii);   Luke, Gospel According to;   Meals;   Trade and Commerce;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Miracles;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Chief parables and miracles in the bible;   Smith Bible Dictionary - John, Gospel of;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Thomas;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Jesus of Nazareth;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Christ, the Exaltation of;   Dinner;   Fish;   James;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Christianity in Its Relation to Judaism;   New Testament;   Simon Cephas;  
Devotionals:
Every Day Light - Devotion for October 19;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

And giveth them - Eating likewise with them, as Luke expressly says: Luke 24:43.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on John 21:13". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/john-21.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Jesus then cometh, and taketh bread … - It is not said that Jesus himself ate with them, but he gave them food. The design of this interview seems to have been to convince them that he had truly risen from the dead. Hence, he performed a miracle before they suspected that it was he, that there might be no room to say that they had ascribed to him the power of the miracle through friendship and collusion with him. The miracle was such as to satisfy them of its truth, and was, in accordance with all his works, not for mere display, but for utility. He remained with them, was with them at their meal, conversed with them, and thus convinced them that he was the same Friend who had died.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on John 21:13". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/john-21.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

Jesus cometh and taketh the bread, and giveth them, and the fish likewise.

See under John 20:9 where the similarity with John 6:11 is discussed. There was one significant difference here. The Lord was the waiter, as well as the provider, on this occasion, whereas the apostles were the waiters on the other; but, in both cases, he gave to them.

Copyright Statement
Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on John 21:13". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/john-21.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Jesus then cometh and taketh bread,.... After they had taken the fish out of the net, and all was prepared for the meal, and the disciples were set down to eat, Christ came and took his place as the master of the feast, and head of the family; and taking up the bread, as was his usual method, he asked a blessing over it, and gave thanks for it. Beza's ancient copy, and one of Stephens's read, "and having given thanks he gave", &c. which is agreeably to his usual practice at meals.

And giveth them, and fish likewise; he distributed both bread and fish to his disciples. So, in a spiritual sense, he provides plentifully for his people; gives them to eat of the hidden manna, and tree of life, and leads to fountains of living waters; encourages them to eat and drink freely, what is of his own preparing, and at his own expense provided for them.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on John 21:13". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/john-21.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

taketh bread — the bread.

and giveth them, and the fish likewise — (See on Luke 24:30).

Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on John 21:13". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/john-21.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Taketh the bread, and giveth them (λαμβανει τον αρτον και διδωσιν αυτοιςlambanei ton arton kai didōsin autois). Vivid presents again. Jesus acts as host at this early breakfast, his last meal with these seven faithful followers.

Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright © Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
Bibliographical Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on John 21:13". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/john-21.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Bread - fish

Both have the article - the loaf, the fish - apparently pointing to the provision which Jesus himself had made.

Giveth them

Nothing is said of His partaking Himself. Compare Luke 24:42, Luke 24:43.

Copyright Statement
The text of this work is public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on John 21:13". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/john-21.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

The Fourfold Gospel

Jesus cometh, and taketh the bread, and giveth them, and the fish likewise.

  1. Jesus then cometh, and taketh the bread, and giveth them, and fish likewise. Thus he gave to them when he fed the multitude and thus it may be hundreds of times he had given to them when they sat at meat together (Luke 22:17-20; John 13:26).

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on John 21:13". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/john-21.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

13 Jesus then cometh, and taketh bread, and giveth them, and fish likewise.

Ver. 13. Taketh bread and giveth them] As his manner was before his death, and with his usual form of grace before eating, by the which those two that had his company to Emmaus knew him, Luke 24:35. Those that receive not the creatures with thanksgiving are worse than heathens, 1 Timothy 4:4. The Greek word for a dinner comes of another word that signifieth prayers, which theyusually premised to their repasts. {a} Hesiod gives this precept, Eat not of a dish that hath not first been offered in sacrifice. {b} An elegant and pious precept, saith Melancthon, drawn no doubt from the holy patriarchs. The people would not taste of their good cheer till Samuel had blessed it, 1 Samuel 9:13. And Moses bade them eat and drink before the Lord. Mine oxen and fatlings are prepared, saith that king, Matthew 22:4. It is in the original, are sacrificed, τεθυμενα. So was Nebuchadnezzar’s good cheer, which therefore Daniel would not taste of.

{a} αριστον, απο των αρων a precibus quas praemittebant.

{b} ΄ηδ απο χυτροποδων ανεπιρρεκτων ανελοντα εσθειν.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on John 21:13". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/john-21.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

John 21:13. Jesus then cometh, and taketh bread, It is not said that Jesus now ate with them; but his invitation to them, John 21:12 implies it; besides St. Peter testifies, Acts 10:41 that his apostles did eat and drink with him after he arose from the dead; meaning to tell Cornelius, that that was one of the many infallible proofs by which he shewed himself alive after his passion. It is reasonable, therefore, to think that he did eat with his apostles on this occasion, thus proving anew to his disciples the reality of his resurrection, as well as by working a miracle like that which, at the beginning of his ministry, had made such an impression upon them, as disposed them to be his constant followers.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on John 21:13". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/john-21.html. 1801-1803.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

13.] ἔρχεται,—from the spot where they had seen Him standing, to the fire of coals.

λαμβ. κ. δίδωσιν bears evident trace of the λαβὼν ἐδίδου of another occasion, and reminds us of the similar occurrence at Emmaus, Luke 24:30.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Alford, Henry. "Commentary on John 21:13". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/john-21.html. 1863-1878.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Those who question whether our Saviour himself did eat, seem not to consider what is written Acts 10:41, where it is expressly said, he did eat and drink with them after he rose from the dead; which he doubtless did, to show that he was truly risen from the dead, and his seeming body was not a phantasm, and mere apparition of a body, but the same true body which was crucified, though now more glorious, and not clothed with those infirmities which it had before his death; from whence it only followeth, that he did not eat to satisfy his hunger, but only to confirm the truth of his resurrection. He did before this eat with some of them, Luke 24:30.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on John 21:13". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/john-21.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

13.Giveth them—It is not said that our Lord ate, as he did in the narrative Luke 14:43. On that occasion he ate in order to convince them of his bodily reality. But here he gives the meal to show that he is the Divine bestower, they the humble but blessed receivers. In all their future wants and deprivations, both of body and of soul, these disciples might call to mind this meal, and feel assured that on the shores of the promised land they had a sure and ever faithful Provider.

 

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on John 21:13". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/john-21.html. 1874-1909.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

‘Jesus comes and takes the bread and gives some to them, and the fish similarly.’

Once again we have a reminder of how He fed the crowds. This fellowship meal must have brought thoughts flooding back. But now the deeper significance of participating in resurrection life must have come home more forcibly. From now on He would feed them continually.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Pett, Peter. "Commentary on John 21:13". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/john-21.html. 2013.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

Jesus provided for the physical needs of His own as He had done before (cf. John 6:11-13). Hopefully the disciples recalled the significance of His feeding the multitudes earlier. Jesus could take meager human resources, multiply them, and so produce supernatural blessing. This was an important lesson for these believers to remember as they began to embark on the challenging mission that Jesus had given them.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on John 21:13". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/john-21.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

John 21:13. Jesus cometh and taketh the loaf, and giveth them, and the fish likewise. We might have expected to read of the ‘fishes’ rather than the ‘fish,’ for the meal prepared must have included a portion of the ‘fishes’ of John 21:10 as well as the ‘fish’ of John 21:9. Yet such is the importance which the Evangelist attaches to the latter that he speaks of it alone, and makes no farther allusion to the rest.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on John 21:13". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/john-21.html. 1879-90.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

John 21:13. When they had gathered round the fire, . “Jesus approaches and takes the bread and gives to them, and the fish” (used here collectively) “in like manner.” Evidently there was something solemn and significant in His manner, indicating that they were to consider Him as the Person who supplied all their wants. If they were to be free from care as His Apostles, they must trust Him to make provision for them, as He had this morning done.

 

 

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on John 21:13". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/john-21.html. 1897-1910.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

then. All the texts omit.

bread = the loaf.

fish = the fish of John 21:9.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on John 21:13". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/john-21.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Jesus then cometh, and taketh bread, and giveth them, and fish likewise.

Jesus then cometh, and taketh [the] bread, and giveth them, and [the] fish likewise. See the notes at Luke 24:30-31.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on John 21:13". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/john-21.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(13) Jesus then cometh—i.e., from the place where they had seen Him to the “fire of coals.”

And taketh bread, and giveth them.—Better, . . . the bread—i.e., the bread of John 21:9. Again (comp. John 20:22) we are reminded of the words used at the Last Supper. (Comp. Note on Luke 24:30.)

And fish likewise.—Better, and the fish likewise—i.e., the fishes of John 21:9-10.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on John 21:13". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/john-21.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Jesus then cometh, and taketh bread, and giveth them, and fish likewise.
Luke 24:42,43; Acts 10:41
Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on John 21:13". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/john-21.html.

Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms

Ver. 13. "Jesus then cometh, and taketh bread, and giveth them, and fish likewise."

Jesus came at the head of the disciples, from the net brought to the shore to the fire of coals. After the disciples had received Him as their guest. He took the place of host. Grotius: "He showed Himself to be Paterfamilias to the Church, whose it was to give every man his portion." The feast which He gave them consisted only of one fish and one loaf; the loaves were in those days small, and the fish was not a large one. This was sparing hospitality (Bengel is wrong: "satiavit omnes"), if we forget the symbolical character of the whole; rather the scantiness of the fare was intended to intimate that its end was not in itself, but that it signified something different, something higher. It has been regarded as meaning, that Jesus provides for His disciples in the present life (compare "The labourer is worthy of his hire," Matthew 10:10); but such an interpretation is far from satisfactory, inasmuch as it makes Christ's hospitality but small towards His people; and moreover, it is altogether refuted by the fact that the meal did not take place until the net was drawn to the shore. We must therefore carry the interpretation into the next world. The meal signified the heavenly reward of faithful labour: compare "Great is your reward in heaven," Matthew 5:12, and "He that reapeth receiveth a reward, and gathereth fruit unto life everlasting," ch. John 4:36. This heavenly reward is often introduced under the figure of a feast, which Jesus provides for His people, Luke 12:37; Luke 22:30, "That ye may eat and drink at My table in My kingdom;" Matthew 26:29; Matthew 22:1 seq., Matthew 25:10; Revelation 7:17; Revelation 19:9. The Apostles here received not merely a symbol, but also an earnest of that heavenly feast. Regarding this entirely symbolical meaning, we understand how it was that the breaking of bread was wanting, Luke 24:30; and more than that, the benediction and thanksgiving: comp. ch. John 6:11. These took place only in feasts which were limited in their design to themselves. Here, where the meal represented benefits which were not to be imparted until a future state, they would have been out of keeping. The purport of the entertainment also explains the circumstance, that Jesus Himself did not eat: He did not say, "Let us dine;" but, "Come and dine." The Apostles all the while spake not a word. They knew that they had to do with the majesty that must be waited for to begin. Silence was appropriate to this meal; speech would have obscured its symbolical meaning. The feast interpreted itself.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Hengstenberg, Ernst. "Commentary on John 21:13". Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/john-21.html.