Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Joshua 17:18

but the hill country shall be yours. For though it is a forest, you shall clear it, and to its farthest borders it shall be yours; for you shall drive out the Canaanites, even though they have chariots of iron and though they are strong."
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Avarice;   Canaanites;   Chariot;   Cowardice;   Ephraim;   Iron;   Zabdi;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Samaria, Ancient;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Punishments;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Caleb;   Ephraim;   Joshua the son of nun;   Manasseh, tribe of;   Nature;   Palestine;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Chariot;   Ephraim, Mount;   Forest;   Iron;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Agriculture;   Chariot;   Ephraim (1);   Forest;   Harosheth of the Gentiles;   Perizzite;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Ephraim, Forest of;   Forest;   Iron;   Joshua, the Book of;   Minerals and Metals;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Israel;   Joshua;   Manasseh;   Megiddo;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Agriculture;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Iron;   Perizzites ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Manasseh;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Conquest of Canaan;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Army;   Botany;   Esdraelon, Plain of;   Forest;   Hill;   Joshua, Book of;   Outgoing;   Perizzite;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Agriculture;   Ephraim;  
Devotionals:
Faith's Checkbook - Devotion for December 16;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

The outgoings of it shall be thine - Clear away the wood, occupy the mountain, and you shall soon be able to command all the valleys; and, possessing all the defiles of the country, you shall drive out the Canaanites, though they have chariots of iron: your situation will be advantageous, your numbers very respectable, and the hand of God will be upon you for good.

  1. From the whole history of the Israelites we find that it was difficult to please them; they had a dissatisfied mind, and hence were rarely contented. From the above account we learn that the children of Joseph were much inclined to quarrel with Joshua, because they had not such a lot as they wished; though they could not be ignorant that their lot, as that of the others, had been determined by the especial providence of God.
  • Joshua treats them with great firmness; he would not attempt to alter the appointment of God, and he saw no reason to reverse or change the grant already made. They were both numerous and strong, and if they put forth their strength under the direction of even the ordinary providence of God, they had every reason to expect success.
  • Slothfulness is natural to man; it requires much training to induce him to labor for his daily bread; if God should miraculously send it he will wonder and eat it, and that is the whole. Strive to enter in at the strait gate is an ungracious word to many; they profess to trust in God's mercy, but labor not to enter into that rest: God will not reverse his purpose to meet their slothfulness; they alone who overcome shall sit with Jesus upon his throne. Reader, take unto thee the whole armor of God, that thou mayest be able to stand in the evil day, and having done all - to Stand. And remember, that he only who endures to the end shall be saved.
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    Bibliographical Information
    Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Joshua 17:18". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/joshua-17.html. 1832.

    John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

    But the mountains shall be thine,.... Or "for"F19כי "quia", Pagninus, Montanus, Junius & Tremellius, Gussetius, p. 378. it shall be thine; thou shalt get the possession of it, though attended with difficulties that seem insuperable:

    for, or "if, though"F20כי "si", Junius & Tremellius, "licet", Ar. vers. Lat. .

    it is a wood; the habitation of the Perizzites, and giants, and so dangerous to go un to it, and full of trees, and so seems unprofitable and useless:

    and thou shalt cut it down; both the inhabitants of it, and the trees of it, and clear it of both, and make it both safe and commodious to dwell in, which would be a fine enlargement for them:

    and the outgoings of it shall be thine; all it produces when cultivated, and all the parts adjacent to it:

    for thou shall drive out the Canaanites; this Joshua assures them of, to encourage them to attempt it:

    though they have iron chariots, and though they be strong; be not afraid of their chariots, though terrible, nor of their giants and mighty men, God will be on your side, and you have nothing to fear from them, see Joshua 11:4; whether the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh took this advice of Joshua is not said.

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    The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
    A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
    Bibliographical Information
    Gill, John. "Commentary on Joshua 17:18". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/joshua-17.html. 1999.

    Geneva Study Bible

    But the mountain shall be thine; for it [is] a wood, and thou shalt cut it down: and the outgoings of it shall be thine: k for thou shalt drive out the Canaanites, though they have iron chariots, [and] though they [be] strong.

    (k) So that you shall enlarge your portion by it.
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    Bibliographical Information
    Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Joshua 17:18". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/joshua-17.html. 1599-1645.

    Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary

    REFLECTIONS

    MY soul! in the view of the several boundaries of the tribes of Israel arise and behold those everlasting possessions, which thy Jesus hath purchased for thee by his blood. And oh! pray for the sweet offices of the Holy Ghost to be realized to thy experience, that they are thine in an everlasting covenant, which cannot be broken. And while the daughters of Joseph ' s tribe sue for their earthly inheritance, do thou plead for Jesus himself to be thine, and then he will bring with him all temporal, spiritual, and eternal blessings. Dearest Lord! while Joseph's sons murmur because they have but one portion, oh teach me to seek no more! Be thou my portion, Lord, and never, never will I desire any other. In thee I have enough, and all the chariots of the enemy will not dismay, for in thee I shall discomfit an host of men, and by the help of my God leap over a wall.

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    Bibliographical Information
    Hawker, Robert, D.D. "Commentary on Joshua 17:18". "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/joshua-17.html. 1828.

    Wesley's Explanatory Notes

    But the mountain shall be thine; for it is a wood, and thou shalt cut it down: and the outgoings of it shall be thine: for thou shalt drive out the Canaanites, though they have iron chariots, and though they be strong.

    The out-goings of it — The valleys and fields belonging or adjoining to it, for there the Canaanites were, verse16.

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    These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
    Bibliographical Information
    Wesley, John. "Commentary on Joshua 17:18". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/joshua-17.html. 1765.

    John Trapp Complete Commentary

    Joshua 17:18 But the mountain shall be thine; for it [is] a wood, and thou shalt cut it down: and the outgoings of it shall be thine: for thou shalt drive out the Canaanites, though they have iron chariots, [and] though they [be] strong.

    Ver. 18. But the mountain shall be thine.] Since God hath promised it, thou art bound to believe it; and being armed with God, and going on in his strength, thou shalt do great exploits, and devour greatest difficulties. Faith eateth its way through the Alps of whatsoever opposition, and sticketh at nothing.

    For thou shalt drive out the Canaanites.] Through the help of the Almighty, who will not fail thee, but give thee to feel and find, Quod nequaquam frustra nititur qui Deo innititur, that he laboureth not in vain who feareth God. Haec autem omnia cum suis tribulibus Iehoshuah quodammodo egit pertinacius, saith Junius. (a) Valiant Joshua seemeth here to bespeak his kinsmen, as once the Prince of Orange did his soldiers at the battle of Newport, where they had the sea on one side and the Spaniards on the other: If, said he, you will live, you must either eat up these Spaniards, or drink up this sea. (b) So here; either you must cast out these Canaanites, as you may, or still want room, as you must.

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    Bibliographical Information
    Trapp, John. "Commentary on Joshua 17:18". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/joshua-17.html. 1865-1868.

    Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

    The outgoings of it; either,

    1. The productions or of that land, when it is cleared from the wood, and purged; or rather,

    2. The valleys and fields belonging or adjoining to it, for there the Canaanites were, Joshua 17:16.

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    Bibliographical Information
    Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Joshua 17:18". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/joshua-17.html. 1685.

    Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

    18.The mountain — The same as the wood, Joshua 17:15, and referring probably to Gilboa.

    The outgoings of it — “The fields and the plains bordering upon the wood.” — Keil. “The defiles and avenues of approach.” — Bush. “Extremities.” — Furst.

    [Though they have iron chariots, and though they be strong — It is altogether better to translate the word כי, here twice rendered though, by its ordinary meaning, for. This particle occurs five times in this verse, and has the same causal meaning every time. Render: For the mountain is thine; for it is a forest and thou shalt cut it down, and thine shall be its outgoings; for thou shalt drive out the Canaanite; for iron chariots are his! for strong is he! The force of Joshua’s words is in the irony they contain. The meaning is, Because the Canaanite has iron chariots and is so mighty, therefore thou — a great people — ought to glory in driving him out. He is a foeman worthy of thy steel.]

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    Bibliographical Information
    Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Joshua 17:18". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/joshua-17.html. 1874-1909.

    George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

    Mountain, probably of Gelboe, as that of Ephraim was not sufficient, ver. 15. Gelboe extended almost as far as Bethsan, and it would afford a fine opportunity of attacking the nations below. Josue persists in his first resolution; and though of the same tribe, he is so little actuated by partiality towards his brethren, that they alone seem to have been dissatisfied with their portion. (Calmet)

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    Bibliographical Information
    Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Joshua 17:18". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/joshua-17.html. 1859.

    E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

    cut down = carve out, or create as in Genesis 1:1.

    giants. Hebrew. Rephaim. See note on Numbers 13:22. Deuteronomy 1:28, and App-23and App-25.

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    Bibliographical Information
    Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Joshua 17:18". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/joshua-17.html. 1909-1922.

    Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

    But the mountain shall be thine; for it is a wood, and thou shalt cut it down: and the outgoings of it shall be thine: for thou shalt drive out the Canaanites, though they have iron chariots, and though they be strong.
    the mountain
    15; 15:9; 20:7
    for thou shalt
    11:4-6; 13:6; Numbers 14:6-9; Deuteronomy 20:1-4; Psalms 27:1,2; Isaiah 41:10-16; Isaiah 51:12,13; Romans 8:31,37; Hebrews 13:6 Reciprocal: Genesis 48:5 - two sons;  Joshua 5:1 - Canaanites;  Joshua 17:16 - chariots;  Joshua 18:5 - the house;  Judges 3:27 - mountain;  2 Samuel 18:6 - wood of Ephraim;  1 Chronicles 7:29 - In these dwelt

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    Bibliographical Information
    Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Joshua 17:18". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/joshua-17.html.