Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Joshua 17:5

Thus there fell ten portions to Manasseh, besides the land of Gilead and Bashan, which is beyond the Jordan,
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Daughter;   Heir;   Israel;   Manasseh;   Noah;   Women;   Zelophehad;   Thompson Chain Reference - Manasseh;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Children;   Manasseh, the Tribe of;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Gilead or Galeed;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Manasseh, tribe of;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Argob (2);   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Joshua;   Manasseh;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Lots;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Husbandry;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Conquest of Canaan;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Abiezer;   Manasseh (2);   Portion;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

There fell ten portions to Manasseh - The Hebrew word חבלי chabley, which we translate portions, signifies literally cords or cables, and intimates that by means of a cord, cable, or what we call a chain, the land was divided. We have but little account of the arts and sciences of the Hebrews, yet from the sketches which we find in different parts of the Old Testament it appears that their minds were in many respects well cultivated; nor could the division, which is mentioned in this book, have been made without such a measure of geographical knowledge, as we find it difficult to grant them. Suppose even in this case, the land was not measured with a chain, which in some cases would have been impracticable, because the ancient inhabitants still occupied the places which were allotted to certain tribes or families; yet the allusion to this mode of measurement shows that it was well known among them. As there were six sons and five daughters, among whom this division was to be made, there should be eleven portions; but Zelophehad, son of Hepher, having left five daughters in his place, neither he nor Hepher is reckoned. The lot of Manasseh therefore was divided into ten parts; five for the five sons of Gilead, who were Abiezer, Helek, Asriel, Shechem, and Shemida; and five for the five daughters of Zelophehad, viz., Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah. Calmet.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Joshua 17:5". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/joshua-17.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Ten portions - i. e. five for the five families descended from the male children of Gilead, and five others for the five daughters of Zelophehad, who represented the sixth family, the Hepherites.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Joshua 17:5". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/joshua-17.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And there fell ten portions to Manasseh, beside the land of Gilead and Bashan, which were on the other side Jordan,.... The lot which fell to the half tribe of Manasseh was divided into ten parts: according to the Jewish writers, the six families before mentioned had six parts, and the daughters of Zelophehad had four parts; one on the account of Zelophehad their father, two on the account of their grandfather Hepher, who they say was the firstborn, and one on account of their uncle, their father's brother, who died in the wilderness without children; so Jarchi and Kimchi relate from the TalmudF11T. Bab. Bava Bathra, fol. 118. 2. & 119. 1. ; but the true case seems to be this, there were six portions for the six families, but there being no sons in Hepher's family, his part was divided into five, and given to the five daughters of Zelophehad:

beside the land of Gilead and Bashan, which were on the other side Jordan: which were given to the other half tribe, as before observed, Joshua 13:29.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Joshua 17:5". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/joshua-17.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And there fell ten portions to c Manasseh, beside the land of Gilead and Bashan, which [were] on the other side Jordan;

(c) In the land of canaan: five to the males: and other five to the daughters of Zelophehad.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Joshua 17:5". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/joshua-17.html. 1599-1645.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And there fell ten portions to Manasseh, beside the land of Gilead and Bashan, which were on the other side Jordan;

Ten portions — Five for the sons, and five for the daughters; for as for Hepher, both he and his son Zelophehad was dead, and that without sons, and therefore had no portion; but his daughters had several portions allotted to them.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Joshua 17:5". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/joshua-17.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Joshua 17:5 And there fell ten portions to Manasseh, beside the land of Gilead and Bashan, which [were] on the other side Jordan;

Ver. 5. And there fell ten portions to Manasseh.] Six to his six sons, [Joshua 17:2] and the rest to Zelophehad’s daughters.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Joshua 17:5". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/joshua-17.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Ten portions; either,

1. Six portions for the six sons, whereof one was Hepher; and because he had no sons, his part was subdivided into five equal parts, for each of the daughters. Or,

2. Ten portions, five for the sons, and five for the daughters; for as for Hepher, both he and his son Zelophehad were dead, and that without sons, and therefore he had no portion; but his daughters had several portions allotted to them.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Joshua 17:5". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/joshua-17.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

[5. Ten portions — Or, ten measurements, alluding to the custom of measuring off land with a line or a chain. Since each of the five daughters of Zelophehad obtained a portion, neither Hepher nor Zelophehad are reckoned.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Joshua 17:5". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/joshua-17.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Jordan. Some of the families, which had possessions there already, were permitted to have a share on the west side also. Here Manasses had ten portions, schœnus, or cords, which Herodotus (ii. 6,) reckons to contain each 60 stadia; so that he would have 600 stadia, (Calmet) or at least half of that quantity, chap. xv. 58. (Herodotus ii.) (Haydock) --- There were six sons and five daughters to be provided for. But the portion of Hepher, the father of Salphaad, being given to his granddaughters, his is not counted. (Masius) --- The Jews say the five daughters had only four portions, two for their grandfather, who, they say, was the eldest of the family; one for their father, and another for their uncle, who died without children. (Selden) --- But of this no proof is adduced. (Calmet) --- The five daughters would only have the one portion, which would have been enjoyed by the father. (Menochius) See 1 Paralipomenon v. 23.

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Joshua 17:5". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/joshua-17.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

there fell : i.e. by lot. Compare Joshua 17:1, and note.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Joshua 17:5". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/joshua-17.html. 1909-1922.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And there fell ten portions to Manasseh, beside the land of Gilead and Bashan, which were on the other side Jordan;
ten portions
As there were six sons and five daughters, among whom this division was to be made, there should be eleven portions: but Zelophehad, son of Hepher, having left five daughters in his place, neither he nor Hepher is reckoned. The lot of Manasseh therefore was divided into ten parts; five for the five sons of Gilead, Abiezer, Helek, Asriel, Shechem, and Shemida; and five for the five daughters of Zelophehad, Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah.
2,3,14
beside
13:29-31; Numbers 32:30-42
Reciprocal: Psalm 60:7 - Gilead

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Joshua 17:5". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/joshua-17.html.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

5.And there fell ten portions to Manasseh, etc The children of Manasseh are in this passage classed under seven stems. Machir, the first-born, is placed apart; the other six follow. Here the question arises, How was the inheritance divided into ten parts? Some expositors cunningly disguise the difficulty; (155) others, because they are unable to solve it, indulge in the merest trifling. It is certainly very absurd that four portions should be given to five daughters; and it is not a whit more congruous that their share should be doubled because their father was the first-born. It is beyond all controversy, that Gilead, son of Machir, and great-grandfather of the females of whom we are now speaking, chose his settlement in mount Gilead and Bashan. Therefore, seeing he had already obtained an inheritance by privilege without lot, he ought not to have obtained one by lot in the land of Canaan, unless perhaps he settled only a part of his family beyond the Jordan. For Hepher was one of his sons, but not the only one; and likewise the offspring of five other brothers might be distinguished into several heads according to the number of which the allocation by lot might be made. For it is not known in what degree families whose portion fell in the land of Canaan were taken. And all we read here is, that ten lots were east among the sons of Manasseh in addition to the country which they had formerly acquired for themselves beyond the Jordan. It is thus vain to dispute concerning the number, which cannot be ascertained with certainty from the present narrative, because the first thing necessary to be known is the exact number of families to whom the division was common. Nay, it is not impossible that the daughters of Selophead obtained their patrimony there. They are said, indeed, to have dwelt among the brethren of their father; but the place is not given. Be this as it may, I have no doubt that mutual equity was observed, and that after provision was made for others, the land which had been submitted to lot was distributed among ten families whose names are here omitted.

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on Joshua 17:5". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/joshua-17.html. 1840-57.