Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Joshua 22:5

Only be very careful to observe the commandment and the law which Moses the servant of the Lord commanded you, to love the Lord your God and walk in all His ways and keep His commandments and hold fast to Him and serve Him with all your heart and with all your soul."
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Duty;   Gad;   Love;   Obedience;   Reubenites;   Spirituality;   Walking;   Watchfulness;   Thompson Chain Reference - Bible, the;   Commandments;   Keep;   Love;   Love-Hatred;   The Topic Concordance - Cleaving;   Love;   Obedience;   Servants;   Service;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Heedfulness;   Love to God;   Reuben, the Tribe of;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Phinehas;   Reuben;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Sexuality, Human;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Ed;   Manasseh;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Gad (1);   Holman Bible Dictionary - Joshua, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Joshua;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Conquest of Canaan;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Heed;   Joshua, Book of;  
Devotionals:
Daily Light on the Daily Path - Devotion for June 16;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

But take diligent heed, etc. - Let us examine the force of this excellent advice; they must ever consider that their prosperity and continued possession of the land depended on their fidelity and obedience to God; to this they must take diligent heed.

Do the commandment - They must pay the strictest regard to every moral precept.

And the law - They must observe all the rites and ceremonies of their holy religion.

Love the Lord your God - Without an affectionate filial attachment to their Maker, duty would be irksome, grievous, and impossible.

Walk in all his ways - They must not only believe and love, but obey: walk not in your own ways, but walk in those which God has pointed out.

Keep his commandments - They must love him with all their heart, soul, mind, and strength, and their neighbor as themselves.

Cleave unto him - They must be cemented to him, in a union that should never be dissolved.

Serve him - They must consider him as their Master, having an absolute right to appoint them when, where, how, and in what measure they should do his work.

With all your heart - Having all their affections and passions sanctified and united to him.

And with all your soul - Giving up their whole life to him, and employing their understanding, judgment, and will, in the contemplation and adoration of his perfections; that their love and obedience might increase in proportion to the cultivation and improvement of their understanding.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Joshua 22:5". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/joshua-22.html. 1832.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

But take diligent heed to do the commandment and the law,.... The ten commandments, and all other laws, both ceremonial and civil:

which Moses the servant of the Lord charged you; in the name of the Lord, to keep and observe:

to love the Lord your God; of which keeping the commands of God is an evidence, and which is the true principle and motive of hearty, sincere, and cheerful obedience to them:

and to walk in all his ways; which he has prescribed, all his ways of worship, paths of duty, faith, truth, holiness, and righteousness:

and to keep his commandments; whether moral, ceremonial, or judicial: whether of natural and moral obligation, or of positive institution:

and to cleave unto him; and not depart from his ways, worship, word, and ordinances:

and to serve him with all your heart, and with all your soul: in the most strict and affectionate manner. This advice Joshua thought proper to give them, and inculcate into them, now they were about to leave their brethren, and go on the other side Jordan; where they would be at a distance from the tabernacle, altar, and service of God, and might be under temptation to relinquish it, and set up another form of worship elsewhere.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Joshua 22:5". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/joshua-22.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

But take diligent heed to do the commandment and the law, which Moses the servant of the LORD charged you, to c love the LORD your God, and to walk in all his ways, and to keep his commandments, and to cleave unto him, and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul.

(c) He shows where fulfilling the Law consists.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Joshua 22:5". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/joshua-22.html. 1599-1645.

Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary

How very sweet it is to behold the uniform attention of God's servants to his glory. Joshua will not suffer the people to depart without once more putting them in remembrance of the first, and best, and greatest of all concerns. So, blessed God, may the sweet remembrancer of Christ Jesus, continually remind me of my engagements to the Redeemer. I would pray for grace to cleave unto him, for he is my life.

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Bibliographical Information
Hawker, Robert, D.D. "Commentary on Joshua 22:5". "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/joshua-22.html. 1828.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

But take diligent heed to do the commandment and the law, which Moses the servant of the LORD charged you, to love the LORD your God, and to walk in all his ways, and to keep his commandments, and to cleave unto him, and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul.

Take heed — Watch over yourselves and all your actions.

Commandment and law — Two words expressing the same thing, the law of commandments delivered by Moses.

All your heart and soul — With the whole strength of your minds, and wills, and affections.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Joshua 22:5". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/joshua-22.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Joshua 22:5 But take diligent heed to do the commandment and the law, which Moses the servant of the LORD charged you, to love the LORD your God, and to walk in all his ways, and to keep his commandments, and to cleave unto him, and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul.

Ver. 5. But take diligent heed to do the commandment.] He had commended them before for this, that they had "kept the charge of the commandment of the Lord their God," [Joshua 22:3] but he would have them to "abound more and more." [1 Thessalonians 4:1 1 John 5:13]

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Joshua 22:5". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/joshua-22.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Take diligent heed; watch over yourselves and all your actions.

The commandment and the law; two words expressing the same thing, the law of commandments delivered by Moses.

With all your heart and with all your soul; with the whole strength of your minds, and wills, and affections.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Joshua 22:5". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/joshua-22.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

5.And the law — The Torah. In note on chap. Joshua 1:8, we have shown that the Torah was already called a book. We have in this verse grounds for inferring that there was more than one copy. The Eastern tribes could not have been commanded to take diligent heed to obey the Torah if they were now to be excluded from its constant perusal.

With all your heart and with all your soul — The words heart and soul indicate the affectional and emotional nature, and are used to intensify the exhortation to sincere and heartfelt obedience unto Jehovah. As if foreseeing the decay of national feeling which the separation of the deep trench of the Jordan would tend to create, Joshua tenderly and earnestly presses upon the departing tribes the duty of a faithful study of the law and a scrupulous obedience to its requirements. He well knew that the Hebrew could be a patriot only as he was an Israelite indeed; a lover of his nation only as a lover of his nation’s God. With a clear vision did Joshua see that both individual and national prosperity must arise from obedience to the moral law. The redundancy of the language evinces the intense earnestness of the great leader.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Joshua 22:5". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/joshua-22.html. 1874-1909.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

Only take diligent heed to do the commandment and the law, which Moses the servant of YHWH commanded you, to love YHWH your God, and to walk in all his ways, and to keep his commandments, and to cleave to him, and to serve him with all your heart, and with all your soul.’

Here Joshua was charging them with the necessity for diligent obedience to the covenant of YHWH (Deuteronomy 4:9). They had ‘to love -- to walk -- to keep -- to cleave -- to serve’. A right response of heart, obedient steps, meditation on His word, holding tightly to Him and doing His will. Compare Deuteronomy 10:12 ‘to fear -- to walk -- to love -- to serve.’ Deuteronomy 11:22 ‘to love -- to walk -- to cleave’. Deuteronomy 13:4 ‘walk -- fear -- keep -- obey -- serve -- cleave’. Deuteronomy 19:9 ‘keep all his commandment to do it, -- to love YHWH your God -- to walk ever in His ways’. Thus Joshua was repeating and enlarging on the words he had heard from Moses.

Covenant love for God was central to the faith of Israel (Deuteronomy 6:5). Their thought and worship must be focused on Him. But their especially distinctive idea was that of walking in His ways, in morality and obedience to His Law. They knew that God cared how they lived towards their fellow man because it was a part of the essential covenant. And it was one way by which they revealed their covenant love for Him, by keeping in their hearts and in their minds His commandments. To ‘cleave to Him’ was a warning against being led astray by the gods of the nations. To ‘serve Him’ summed up the whole covenant, especially in worship. Thus Joshua was urging them to be faithful to the tribal covenant that bound the tribes together and to their responsibilities with regard to worship at the central sanctuary at present at Shiloh. This was especially important in view of their distance from it.

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Bibliographical Information
Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Joshua 22:5". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/joshua-22.html. 2013.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Joshua 22:5. Take diligent heed — Watch over yourselves and all your actions. Commandment and law — Two words expressing the same thing, the law of commandments delivered by Moses. All your heart and soul — With the whole strength of your minds, and wills, and affections.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Joshua 22:5". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/joshua-22.html. 1857.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton (App-6) in this verse.

soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Joshua 22:5". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/joshua-22.html. 1909-1922.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

But take diligent heed to do the commandment and the law, which Moses the servant of the LORD charged you, to love the LORD your God, and to walk in all his ways, and to keep his commandments, and to cleave unto him, and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul.
take
Exodus 15:26; Deuteronomy 4:1,2,6,9; 6:6-9,17; 11:22; 1 Chronicles 28:7,8; Psalms 106:3; Psalms 119:4-6; Proverbs 4:23; Isaiah 55:2; Jeremiah 12:16; Hebrews 6:11,12; 12:15; 2 Peter 1:5-10
love
Exodus 20:6; Deuteronomy 6:5; 10:12,13; 11:1,13; Matthew 22:37; John 14:15,21-23; John 21:15-17; Romans 8:28; James 1:12; 2:5; 1 John 5:2,3
cleave
23:8; Deuteronomy 4:4; 10:20; 13:4; Acts 11:23; Romans 12:9
serve
24:14,15; 1 Samuel 7:3; 12:20,24; Matthew 4:10; 6:24; Luke 1:74; John 12:26; Acts 27:23; Romans 1:9
Reciprocal: Exodus 23:13 - be circumspect;  Exodus 23:25 - And ye;  Numbers 32:18 - GeneralDeuteronomy 26:17 - and to;  Joshua 23:11 - Take good;  1 Kings 2:3 - And keep;  2 Chronicles 19:6 - Take

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Joshua 22:5". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/joshua-22.html.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

5.But take diligent heed, etc He thus releases and frees them from temporary service, that he may bind them for ever to the authority of the one true God. He therefore permits them to return home, but on the condition that wherever they may be they are to be the soldiers of God; and he at the same time prescribes the mode, namely, the observance of his Law. But since such is the vanity and inconstancy of the human mind, that religion easily fades away from the heart, while carelessness and contempt creep in, he requires of them zeal and diligence in executing the Law. He calls it the Law of Moses, that they may not be carried to and fro by airy speculations, but remain fixed in the doctrine which they had learned from the faithful servant of God. He touches also on the end and sum of the Law, love to God, and adherence to him, because outward worship would otherwise be of little value. He confirms the same thing by other words, by which sincerity is denoted, namely, serving the Lord with their whole heart and soul.

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on Joshua 22:5". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/joshua-22.html. 1840-57.