Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Joshua 23:13

know with certainty that the Lord your God will not continue to drive these nations out from before you; but they will be a snare and a trap to you, and a whip on your sides and thorns in your eyes, until you perish from off this good land which the Lord your God has given you.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Company;   Fear of God;   Fellowship;   Miscegenation;   Trap;   Thompson Chain Reference - Snares, Worldly;   Temptation;   The Topic Concordance - Enemies;   Snares;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Alliance and Society with the Enemies of God;   Protection;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Judges, book of;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Destroy, Destruction;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Harlot;   Holman Bible Dictionary - God;   Joshua, the Book of;   Land, Ground;   Thorn in the Flesh;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Thorns, Thistles, Etc;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Alliance;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Side;   Thorn;   Trap;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Thorn;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Hunting;   Offence;   Scourge;   Thorns;   Trap;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Anglo-Israelism;   Eye;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

They shall be snares - לפח lephach, a net or gin, set by the artful fowler to catch heedless birds.

And traps - מוקש mokesh, any snare, toil, or trap, placed on the ground to catch the unwary traveler or wild beast by the foot.

Scourges in your sides, and thorns in your eyes - Nothing can be conceived more vexatious and distressing than a continual goad in the side, or thorn in the eye. They will drive you into obedience to their false gods, and put out the eyes of your understandings by their idolatries. And God will preserve them merely to distress and punish you.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Joshua 23:13". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/joshua-23.html. 1832.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Know for a certainty that the Lord your God will no more drive out any of these nations from before you,.... Or, "knowing ye shall know"F18ידוע תדעו "sciendo scietis", Montanus; "sciendo scitote", Pagninus, Vatablus. ; or "know ye"; this may be taken for granted, or the fullest proof, and clearest demonstration, and strongest assurance will be given of it, that in case of such bad conduct, and disobedience to the will of God, no more of the nations of the Canaanites will be driven out of the cities in which they are:

but they shall be snares and traps unto you; who by their bad examples would draw them both to idolatry and superstitious worship, and into all irreligion, profaneness, and immorality, as they did, Psalm 106:35,

and scourges in your sides; who either, by ensnaring them, would get an advantage over them, and distress them in their persons, families, and estates; or would be the means of the Lord's correcting and chastising them with the rod and stripes of men, for the iniquities these would draw them into; the allusion is to scourges and lashes laid on the sides of men, or to goads with which beasts are pushed on their sides and driven:

and thorns in your eyes; very troublesome and distressing; for even a mote in the eye is very afflicting: and much more a thorn; See Gill on Numbers 33:55. Jarchi interprets this word by camps surrounding them, as shields do the bodies of men, and which is approved of by GussetiusF19Comment. Ebr. p. 717. :

until ye perish from off this good land, which the Lord your God hath given you; by sword, famine, pestilence, or captivity, which has been their case.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Joshua 23:13". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/joshua-23.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

Know for a certainty that the LORD your God will no more drive out [any of] these nations from before you; but they shall be snares and traps unto you, and scourges in your sides, and thorns in your e eyes, until ye perish from off this good land which the LORD your God hath given you.

(e) Meaning, they will be a continual grief to you, and so the cause of your destruction.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Joshua 23:13". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/joshua-23.html. 1599-1645.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Know for a certainty that the LORD your God will no more drive out any of these nations from before you; but they shall be snares and traps unto you, and scourges in your sides, and thorns in your eyes, until ye perish from off this good land which the LORD your God hath given you.

Traps to you — By your converse with them, you will be drawn by degrees into their errors, and impieties, and brutish lusts.

Thorns in your eyes — When they have seduced, and thereby weakened you, then they will molest and vex you, no less than a severe scourge doth a man's sides which are lashed by it, or than a small thorn doth the eye when it is got within it.

Till ye perish — They shall so persecute you, and fight against, you with such success, that you shall be forced to quit your own land, and wander you know not whither; which must needs be very terrible to them to think of, when they compared this present ease, and plenty and safety, with the pains, and weariness, and hazards, and wants of their former wanderings.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Joshua 23:13". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/joshua-23.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Joshua 23:13 Know for a certainty that the LORD your God will no more drive out [any of] these nations from before you; but they shall be snares and traps unto you, and scourges in your sides, and thorns in your eyes, until ye perish from off this good land which the LORD your God hath given you.

Ver. 13. But they shall be snares and traps unto you.] As the fowler catcheth birds, and the hunter wild beasts in their snares and traps; so shall these Canaanites catch you by their familiarity and commerce, and draw you to participate in their sins and plagues.

And scourges in your sides, and thorns in your eyes.] They shall by their injuries vex and disquiet you, they shall with sharpest weapons prick and gore your tenderest parts, without mercy or measure.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Joshua 23:13". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/joshua-23.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

They shall be snares and traps unto you: by your indulgence to them, and converse with them, you will be enticed and drawn by degrees into their errors, and impieties, and brutish lusts.

Scourges in your sides, and thorns in your eyes: when they have inveigled, and seduced, and thereby weakened you, then they will molest and vex you, no less than a severe scourge doth a man’s sides which are lashed by it, or than a small thorn doth the eye when it is got within it.

Until ye perish from off this good land: they shall so persecute you, and fight against you with such success, that you shall be forced to quit your own land, and wander you know not whither; which must needs be very terrible to them to think of, when they compared this present case, and plenty, and safety, with the pains, and weariness, and hazards, and wants of their former wanderings.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Joshua 23:13". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/joshua-23.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

13.Snares, traps, scourges, thorns — This mixing of metaphors vividly portrays the trouble, sudden disaster, wasting captivity, and destruction which idolatry would bring upon their nation.

Until ye perish from off this good land — The Jews are strangers to that land to-day, so wonderfully has God scattered them, and so marvelously has he preserved their nationality in order that they may be a monument of his truthfulness.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Joshua 23:13". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/joshua-23.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Side. Hebrew, "snares and traps unto you, and scourges in your side." Children and slaves were formerly beaten on this part, Ecclesiasticus xxx. 12., and xlii. 5. Horace (epod. iv.) says, Ibericis peruste funibus latus. The first word St. Jerome seems to have read with th at the end, as peth, means a hole, (Calmet) by which means it was customary to take wild beasts, and to annoy the enemy. (Haydock) --- Septuagint render side, "they shall be nails in your heels."

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Joshua 23:13". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/joshua-23.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

any of these. Some codices, with four early printed editions, read "all these".

they shall be. Compare Exodus 23:33, Numbers 33:55. Deuteronomy 7:16.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Joshua 23:13". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/joshua-23.html. 1909-1922.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Know for a certainty that the LORD your God will no more drive out any of these nations from before you; but they shall be snares and traps unto you, and scourges in your sides, and thorns in your eyes, until ye perish from off this good land which the LORD your God hath given you.
will no
Exodus 23:33; Numbers 33:55; Deuteronomy 7:16; Judges 2:2,3; Psalms 106:35-39
snares
Deuteronomy 7:16; Judges 2:3; 1 Kings 11:4; Psalms 69:22; 2 Timothy 2:26
until ye perish
Leviticus 26:31-35; Deuteronomy 4:26; 28:63-68; 29:28; 30:18; 2 Kings 17:22,23; 2 Kings 25:21,26; Luke 21:24
Reciprocal: Genesis 3:18 - Thorns;  Genesis 6:2 - and they;  Exodus 10:7 - snare;  Exodus 34:12 - lest;  Deuteronomy 7:3 - GeneralDeuteronomy 8:19 - I testify against;  Deuteronomy 11:17 - ye perish;  Deuteronomy 20:18 - GeneralJoshua 13:6 - them;  Joshua 13:13 - expelled;  Joshua 23:5 - he shall;  Joshua 23:16 - perish;  Judges 2:21 - General1 Kings 11:2 - Ye shall not go in;  1 Kings 16:31 - took to wife;  2 Kings 17:18 - removed;  2 Kings 22:16 - all the words;  Ezra 9:12 - give not;  Ezra 10:3 - at the commandment;  Psalm 80:9 - preparedst;  Psalm 81:14 - I should;  Psalm 106:34 - did not;  Psalm 106:36 - which;  Proverbs 22:5 - Thorns;  Jeremiah 11:8 - therefore;  Ezekiel 28:24 - a pricking;  Malachi 2:12 - cut;  Romans 6:12 - Let not

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Joshua 23:13". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/joshua-23.html.