Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Luke 17:31

On that day, the one who is on the housetop and whose goods are in the house must not go down to take them out; and likewise the one who is in the field must not turn back.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Jerusalem;   Jesus, the Christ;   Jesus Continued;   The Topic Concordance - Coming of the Lord Jesus Christ;  
Dictionaries:
CARM Theological Dictionary - Eschatology;   Tribulation, the;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Cain (1);   Lot (1);   Patriarchs;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Luke, Gospel of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Matthew, Gospel According to;   Stuff;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Day (That);   Discourse;   House;   Luke, Gospel According to;   Names and Titles of Christ;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Goods;   Lot (1);   Parousia;   Stuff;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

He which shall be upon the housetop - See this explained on Matthew 24:17; (note).

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Luke 17:31". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/luke-17.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

See the notes at Matthew 24:17-18.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Luke 17:31". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/luke-17.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

In that day, he that shall be on the housetop, and his goods in the house, let him not go down to take them away: and let him that is in the field not return back. Remember Lot's wife.

Jesus used some of this teaching when he gave the combined answers regarding the destruction of Jerusalem and the end of the world; but here it is their application to the latter event which is in view, the application being, not so much to the prohibiting of anyone's wishing to turn back AFTER the Great Event has begun to unfold, as it is to the PRIOR temptation to turn back, in their hearts, to secular and material things, even as Lot's wife did, a temptation that will be unusually strong in the society that shall prevail at the end.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Luke 17:31". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/luke-17.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

In that day, he which shall be upon the housetop,.... Either for diversion or devotion, when he shall hear that the Roman armies are approaching to Jerusalem, to besiege it:

and his stuff in the house; or "his vessels", his goods and furniture; or his utensils, and instruments of trade and business:

let him not come down; the inner way of the house, from the top:

to take it away; with him in his flight, but let him descend by the steps, or ladder, on the outside of the house, and make his escape directly to Pella, or the mountains:

and he that is in the field; at work, and has laid down his clothes in some certain part of the field, or at home:

let him likewise not return back; to fetch them, but make the best of his way as he is; See Gill on Matthew 24:17 and See Gill on Matthew 24:18.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Luke 17:31". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/luke-17.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

11 In that day, he which shall be upon the housetop, and his stuff in the house, let him not come down to take it away: and he that is in the field, let him likewise not return back.

(11) We must pay careful attention that neither distrust nor the enticements of this world, nor any consideration of friendship hinder us in the least way.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Luke 17:31". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/luke-17.html. 1599-1645.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Let him not go down (μη καταβατωmē katabatō). Second aorist active imperative of καταβαινωkatabainō with μηmē in a prohibition in the third person singular. The usual idiom here would be μηmē and the aorist subjunctive. See Mark 13:15. and Matthew 24:17. when these words occur in the great eschatological discussion concerning flight before the destruction of Jerusalem. Here the application is “absolute indifference to all worldly interests as the attitude of readiness for the Son of Man” (Plummer).

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Luke 17:31". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/luke-17.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Goods

See on Matthew 12:29.

On the house-top

See on Matthew 24:17.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Luke 17:31". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/luke-17.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

In that day, he which shall be upon the housetop, and his stuff in the house, let him not come down to take it away: and he that is in the field, let him likewise not return back.

In that day — (Which will be the grand type of the last day) when ye shall see Jerusalem encompassed with armies.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Luke 17:31". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/luke-17.html. 1765.

The Fourfold Gospel

In that day, he that shall be on the housetop1, and his goods in the house, let him not go down to take them away2: and let him that is in the field likewise not return back.

  1. In that day, he that shall be on the housetop. The flat roofs of Oriental houses are used much the same as we use porches.

  2. And his goods in the house, let him not go down to take them away. It seems strange that the terrors of the last day should be accompanied by any thought or concern for property, but such is the plain intimation of the text.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on Luke 17:31". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/luke-17.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

Stuff; furniture and goods.

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Abbott, John S. C. & Abbott, Jacob. "Commentary on Luke 17:31". "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ain/luke-17.html. 1878.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

31 In that day, he which shall be upon the housetop, and his stuff in the house, let him not come down to take it away: and he that is in the field, let him likewise not return back.

Ver. 31. He which shall be on the housetop] A hyperbolic expression, usual among the Jews, to denote matter of haste.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Luke 17:31". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/luke-17.html. 1865-1868.

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

Here our Saviour advises them, that when they shall see the judgments of God breaking out upon Jerusalem, that they make all possible speed to get out of it, as Lot and his family did out of Sodom; and to take heed of imitating Lot's wife, who looking back became a pillar of salt, Genesis 19:26

Where observe,

1. Her offence, She looked back.

2. The punishment of her offence, She became a pillar of salt.

Her offence in looking behind her was manifest disobedience to the divine command, which said, Look not behind thee; and proceeded either from carelessness or from covetousness, or from curiosity, or from compassion to those that she left behind her, and was undoubtedly the effect of great infidelity, she not believing the truth of what the angel had declared, as touching the certainty and suddenness of Sodom's destruction. The punishment of her offence was exemplary, She became a pillar of salt: that is, a perpetual monument of divine severity for her infidelity and disobedience.

Where note,

1. The suddenness of her punishment: the justice of God surprises her in the very act of sin, with a present revenge.

2. The seeming disproportion between the punishment and the offence: her offence was a forbidden look. From whence carnal reason may plead, "Was it not sufficient for her to lose her eyes, but must she lose her life?" But the easiness and reasonableness of the command aggravated her disobedience; and though her punishment may seem severe, it was not unjust.

Now, says our Saviour, Remember Lot's wife: that is, let her example caution all of you against unbelief, disobedience, worldy- mindedness, contempt of God's threatenings, and lingerings after the forbidden society of lewd and wicked persons.

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Burkitt, William. "Commentary on Luke 17:31". Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/luke-17.html. 1700-1703.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Luke 17:31. ἐν ἐκείνῃ, in that day) that day, on which the kingdom of God shall come. The day of Jerusalem being besieged is meant: comp. Luke 17:34, note: a day which has many points (aspects under which it may be viewed) in common with the last day. Comp. Luke 17:22. After Jerusalem had been destroyed, Christianity was most freely propagated. See ch. Luke 21:28.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Luke 17:31". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/luke-17.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

These words seem to relate singly to the destruction of Jerusalem. See Poole on "Matthew 24:17", See Poole on "Matthew 24:18", where we had the same. They only signify the certain ruin and destruction of the place, and are our Saviour’s counsel to his disciples, not to linger, or promise themselves any longer security there, notwithstanding what any false Christs or false prophets should plainly tell them, but to make as much haste away out of it as they possibly could.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Luke 17:31". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/luke-17.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

кровле В типичном доме была плоская крыша с внешней лестницей. Опасность будет так велика, что находящимся на крыше следует спасаться бегством, не заходя в дом, чтобы что-либо захватить с собой.

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Luke 17:31". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/luke-17.html.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

“In that day, he that shall be on the housetop, and his goods in the house, let him not go down to take them away, and let him that is in the field similarly not return back.”

The first illustration of the urgency of these days is to picture it in terms of escaping from catastrophe without looking back. Then there will be no time in which to go down and pack, or remove furniture (a common picture of escaping refugees), there will be no time to return to the city from the countryside. All will happen immediately. The point is not the giving of advice on what to do, but in order to indicate the speed at which all will happen. There will simply not be time for anything. And there is also the suggestion that they were not to have their hearts set on earthly things to which their thoughts would instinctively turn when they recognised that the end of all things had come (as Lot’s wife did with Sodom). It is not a question of logical thinking, it is a question of what will spring into their minds at such a catastrophic moment.

Interestingly a similar picture is drawn of those who would be faced with the catastrophe which would face Jerusalem in 70 AD (Mark 12:14-18), a precursor of the final Judgment, words which Luke deliberately omits, possibly to avoid confusion.

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Luke 17:31". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/luke-17.html. 2013.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

31.Upon the housetop—Of course this can be no description of any incident at the coming of Christ to judge the world. For from what is this owner of the stuff in the house supposed to flee? Certainly not from the judgment throne of Christ! It can, therefore, be no continuance of the same topic with that in Luke 17:26-30. And therefore, again, it must be referred to its proper place in the great discourse of which it seems to be a fugitive fragment.

 

 

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Luke 17:31". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/luke-17.html. 1874-1909.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 17:31. In that day. This has no reference to the destruction of Jerusalem, as Matthew 24:16-18, but to the future coming of the Messiah. ‘In that day,’ the same haste and abandonment of earthly possessions will be called for, which was required of Lot and his family (Genesis 19:17). The catastrophe immediately preceding the coming of the Messiah, which is described in Matthew 24:29-31, is here referred to. How far an actual physical flight is implied cannot, of course, be determined.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Luke 17:31". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/luke-17.html. 1879-90.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

you see war lighted up in Judea, lose no time, but betake yourselves to flight for safety. Indeed the Christians, forewarned by these predictions, and other prophecies of the apostles, according to Lactantius, (lib. iv. chap. 21.) fled from the danger beyond the Jordan, into the states of Herod, to Pella and the neighbouring villages. See Eusebius, Eccles. Hist. lib. iii. chap. 5.

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Luke 17:31". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/luke-17.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

upon. Greek. epi. App-104.

housetop. Compare Luke 12:3; Luke 5:19.

stuff = vessels, or goods. Compare Matthew 12:29. Eng. "stuff" is from Low Latin. stupa and O. Fr. estoffe. let him not, &c. This was repeated later on the Mount of Olives (Matthew 24:17-20. Mark 13:14-16), come down. By the staircase outside.

back. Greek. eis ta opiso. To the things behind.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 17:31". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/luke-17.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

In that day, he which shall be upon the housetop, and his stuff in the house, let him not come down to take it away: and he that is in the field, let him likewise not return back.

In that day, he which shall be upon the house-top, and his stuff in the house, let him not come down to take it away: and he that is in the field, let him likewise not return back. A warning against that lingering reluctance to part with present treasures which induces some to remain in a burning house, in hopes of saving this and that precious article, until consumed and buried in its ruins. The cases here supposed, though different, of course, are similar.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Luke 17:31". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/luke-17.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(31) He which shall be upon the housetop, and his stuff.—Better, his goods, as in Matthew 12:29; Mark 3:27. (See Notes on Matthew 24:17-18.)

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Luke 17:31". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/luke-17.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

In that day, he which shall be upon the housetop, and his stuff in the house, let him not come down to take it away: and he that is in the field, let him likewise not return back.
he which
The flat-roofed eastern houses have stairs on the outside, by which a person may ascend and descend without coming into the house; and in walled cities they usually form continued terraces, from one end of the city to the other, terminating at the gates; so that one may pass along the tops of the houses and escape out of the city without coming down into the street.
Job 2:4; Jeremiah 45:5; Matthew 6:25; 16:26; 24:17-21; Mark 13:14-16; Philippians 3:7,8
Reciprocal: Genesis 19:17 - look;  Genesis 19:26 - looked;  Genesis 45:20 - stuff;  1 Samuel 20:38 - GeneralJob 34:27 - turned;  Jeremiah 48:6 - Flee;  Mark 13:15 - GeneralLuke 9:62 - No;  Luke 21:21 - flee

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 17:31". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/luke-17.html.