Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Numbers 21:30

"But we have cast them down, Heshbon is ruined as far as Dibon, Then we have laid waste even to Nophah, Which reaches to Medeba."
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Amorites;   Ar;   Dibon;   Heshbon;   Israel;   Medeba;   Nophah;   Sihon;   Song;   Thompson Chain Reference - Dibon;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Amorites, the;   Desert, Journey of Israel through the;   Moabites;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Ammonites;   Amorites;   Medeba;   Poetry of the Hebrews;   Serpents;   Sihon;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Canaan;   Reuben;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Gods and Goddesses, Pagan;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Dibon;   Medeba;   Moabite;   Nophah;   Sihon;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Amorite (the);   Ar;   Dibon;   Jasher;   Moab;   Nophah;   Numbers, the Book of;   Sihon;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Amorites;   Book(s);   Conquest of Canaan;   Dibon;   Heshbon;   Medeba;   Moab and the Moabite Stone;   Nophah;   Pentateuch;   Poetry;   Reba;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Dibon;   Israel;   Jephthah;   Medeba;   Moab, Moabites;   Moses;   Nobah;   Numbers, Book of;   Wars of the Lord, Book of the;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Ransom;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Dibon ;   Heshbon ;   Medeba ;   Moab, Moabites ;   Nophah ;   Sihon ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Mount hor;   Nophah;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Ar;   Dibon;   Medeba;   Sihon;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Di'bon;   Med'eba;   Mo'ses;   No'pha;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - On to Canaan;   Moses, the Man of God;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Ammon;   Amorites;   Dibon;   Medeba;   Moab;   Moabite Stone;   Moses;   Nobah;   Nophah;   Numbers, Book of;   Proverb;   Text of the Old Testament;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Chemosh;   Dibon;   Medeba;   Moab;   Poetry;  

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

We have shot at them,.... Either the Amorites at the Moabites, or else the Israelites at the Amorites; for, according to Aben Ezra, these are the words of Moses, though they, with Numbers 21:29, seem rather to be a continuation of the song of the old Amorite bards, describing the ruin of the country of Moab by them; and this clause may be rendered with the next, "their light, or lamp, is perished from Heshbon"F18נירם אבד חשבון "lucerna eorum, Heshbon (seilicet) periit", Tigurine version; "regnum eorum periit a Chesbon", Pagninus, Vatablus; "imperium eorum", Munster. ; or their yoke, as Jarchi, and so the Vulgate Latin version; that is, their kingdom, and the glory of it, as the Targums of Onkelos and Jonathan interpret it, and so Jarchi:

even unto Dibon; which was another city in the land of Moab; see Isaiah 15:2,

and we have laid them waste even unto Nophah, which reached unto Medeba; Nophah perhaps is the same with Nebo, mentioned along with Medeba, Isaiah 15:2, however, they were both places in Moab, and are mentioned to show how far the desolation had or would spread; and the whole is observed to prove, that this part of the country of Moab, now possessed by the Israelites, was taken from them, not by them, but by the Amorites, a people Israel now conquered, and so had a right to what they found them in the possession of.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Numbers 21:30". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/numbers-21.html. 1999.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

We have shot at them; Heshbon is perished even unto Dibon, and we have laid them waste even unto Nophah, which reacheth unto Medeba.

Though you feeble Moabites, and your God too, could not resist Sihon, we Israelites, by the help of our God, have shot, with success and victory, at them, at Sihon and his Amorites.

Heshbon — The royal city of Sihon, and by him lately repaired, Is perished - Is taken away from Sihon, and so is all his country, even as far as Dibon.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Numbers 21:30". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/numbers-21.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Numbers 21:30 We have shot at them; Heshbon is perished even unto Dibon, and we have laid them waste even unto Nophah, which [reacheth] unto Medeba.

Ver. 30. We have shot at them.] Great swelling words of vanity, uttered by the conquering Amorites. How much better our Henry V, who, after his victory at Agincourt, gave strait order, that no ballad or song should be made or sung, more than of thanksgiving to God for his happy victory; and that nothing that might tend to ostentation or boasting of the valiant, or cowardly act of any, should be set forth. (a)

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Numbers 21:30". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/numbers-21.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Numbers 21:30. We have shot at them The Hebrew here is אבד ונירם vaniram abad, which Le Clerc and others render, and their light is perished: i.e. their valiant youth, who are the lights and ornaments of the state, and who are the light, i.e. the joy, of their parents: others, of whom Houbigant is one, render it their yoke; i.e. their oppressive power is perished; which appears most agreeable to the Hebrew. We only remark further, that, in all probability, this piece of Amoritish poetry made part of the ancient chronicle of the country. In the most distant times, the language of poetry was that of the historian, of the rhetorician, and in general of all who undertook to write. Whatever was composed for the instruction of the people, was composed in verse. "The Ancients," says Strabo, "considered poetry as a kind of first philosophy, proper to regulate the life from the tenderest infancy, to inculcate good manners, and to govern the human passions and actions in the most agreeable way. Thus," adds he, "the Greeks afterwards made use of poetry in their public academies for the instruction of the youth; not merely because this method was entertaining, but because they thought it proper to form their children to modesty." See Patrick.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Numbers 21:30". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/numbers-21.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Though you feeble Moabites, and your god too, could not resist Sihon, we Israelites, by the help of our God,

have shot, to wit, with success and victory, as the following words show, at them, to wit, at Sihon and his Amorites; which is easily and plainly understood, both from the foregoing and following words.

Heshbon, the royal city of Sihon, and by him lately repaired,

is perished, is taken away from Sihon, and so is all his territory or country, even as far as

Dibon, which, as some think is called Dibon-gad, Numbers 33:45.

Which reached unto Medeba, i.e. whose territory extendeth to Medeba. Or, yea, even to Medeba; for the Hebrew word asher is sometimes used for yea, or moreover, as 1 Samuel 15:20 Psalms 10:6 95:11. The sense is, the whole country of Sihon, taken by him from the Moabites, is wasted and perished.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Numbers 21:30". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/numbers-21.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

30.Dibon — See Joshua 13:17, note.

Which reacheth — Here there is supposed to be an error in the Hebrew אשׁר, which, being written for אשׁ עד, with fire unto. Thus the Masoretic mark. The Seventy render it πυρ επι, fire upon.

Medeba — “Here,” says Dr. Ridgaway, “are some of the most remarkable ruins of the country.” See Joshua 13:16, note.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Numbers 21:30". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/numbers-21.html. 1874-1909.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

Israel’s Taunt Song Against the Amorites (Numbers 21:30).

We have shot at them;

Heshbon is perished even to Dibon,

And we have laid waste even to Nophah,

Which reaches to Medeba.”

In an addition to the poem, which does not compare as literature with the original, Israel then taunt Sihon and the Amorites with their loss. Israel had in turn shot at them and captured all their cities and territory. Apart from Nophah the cites are all well testified to. It may be significant that Sihon’s gods are not mentioned. The Pentateuch appears to deliberately avoid any mention of Baal apart from Baalpeor (22:41; 25:3, 5; Deuteronomy 4:3) and in place names (32:38; 33:7; Exodus 14:2; Exodus 14:9), possibly because of the danger at this early stage of ‘baal’ (lord) being linked with Yahweh. In the early days in the land ‘baal’ was even included in Israelite names (e.g Ish-baal, Meri-baal, which were changed into Ish-bosheth, Mephi-bosheth where bosheth means ‘shame’). We too must beware of false terminology. By astute use of language what is displeasing to God can easily be presented as being the real thing. The only way to prevent ourselves from being ensnared is to avoid sin and test everything by the word of God.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Numbers 21:30". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/numbers-21.html. 2013.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Numbers 21:30. Though you, feeble Moabites, and your god too, could not resist Sihon, we Israelites, by the help of our God, have shot — With success and victory; at them — At Sihon and his Amorites. Heshbon — The royal city of Sihon, and by him lately repaired; is perished — Is taken away from Sihon, and so is all his country, even as far as Dibon.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Numbers 21:30". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/numbers-21.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Hesebon in the north, to Dibon in the southern extremity of the conquered country, near the Arnon, where Moses places the station of Dibon-gad. The yoke, or dominion of the Moabites, was ruined in all those parts. (Calmet) --- Hebrew, "We have shot at them; or their lamp, (children or power,) from Hesebon as far as Dibon, is extinguished; and their wives (or we have destroyed them) even unto Nophe and Medaba." Septuagint, "Their women have still kindled a fire against Moab." Nophe is probably the Nabo of Isaias, (xv. 2,) in the environs of Medaba, where the fainting Moabites had time to breathe. The fire, which the Septuagint say the women enkindled against Moab, might seem to indicate that the war was commenced on their account, like that which brought on the destruction of Troy. They entailed a still heavier destruction upon their country, when, by alluring the Hebrews to sin, they enkindled God's indignation, chap xxv. With this verse the quotation, from the Amorrhite proverbial writers, concludes, ver. 27. (Haydock)

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Numbers 21:30". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/numbers-21.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

We = Israel.

we have laid, &c, to end of verse. These two clauses are affected by the "extraordinary points" (see App-31), which necessitates the following rendering of Numbers 21:30, "We have shot them down: Heshbon is destroyed even unto Dibon, The women also even unto Nopha, And the men even unto Medeba. "

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Numbers 21:30". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/numbers-21.html. 1909-1922.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

We have shot at them; Heshbon is perished even unto Dibon, and we have laid them waste even unto Nophah, which reacheth unto Medeba.
have shot
Genesis 49:23; 2 Samuel 11:24; Psalms 18:14
Dibon
32:34; Joshua 13:17; Isaiah 15:2,9; Jeremiah 48:18,22
Reciprocal: Joshua 13:9 - all the plain;  1 Chronicles 19:7 - Medeba

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Numbers 21:30". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/numbers-21.html.