Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Numbers 21:33

Then they turned and went up by the way of Bashan, and Og the king of Bashan went out with all his people, for battle at Edrei.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Edrei;   Heshbon;   Israel;   Og;   Thompson Chain Reference - Bashan;   Inhospitality;   Og;   Social Life;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Amorites, the;   Desert, Journey of Israel through the;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Ammonites;   Bashan;   Edrei;   Og;   Serpents;   Sihon;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Ammon;   Amorites;   Bashan;   Canaan;   Iturea;   Jabbok;   Reuben;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Bashan;   City;   Edrei;   Og;   Sihon;   Wars of the Lord, the Book of the;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Amorite (the);   Bashan;   Edrei;   Jaazer;   Og;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Amorites;   Bashan;   Conquest of Canaan;   Edrei;   Og;   Reba;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Bashan;   Edrei;   Israel;   Jephthah;   Medeba;   Numbers, Book of;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Edrei ;   Heshbon ;   Og;   Sihon ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Mount hor;   Og;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Bashan;   Edrei;   Hauran;   Og;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Ed'rei;   Ked'emoth;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Og;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - On to Canaan;   Moses, the Man of God;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Bashan;   Edrei;   Moses;   Og;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Bashan;   Edrei;   Og;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

In these apparently unimportant words is contained the record of the Israelite Numbers 32:39 occupation of Gilead north of the Jabbok; a territory which, though populated, like southern Gilead, by the Amorites (Deuteronomy 3:9; Joshua 2:10, etc.), formed part of the domain of Og king of Bashan, who was himself of a different race Deuteronomy 3:2; Joshua 12:5; Joshua 13:11. We are not told whether they were led there by express warrant of God, or whether their advance upon Bashan was provoked by Og and his people.

At Edrei - Now Edhra‘ah, commonly Der‘a; situate on a branch of the Jarmuk. This river formed the boundary between Gilead and Bashan.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Numbers 21:33". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/numbers-21.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

"And they turned and went up by the way of Bashan: and Og the king of Bashan went out against them, he and all his people, to battle at Edrei. And Jehovah said unto Moses, Fear him not: for I have delivered him into thy hand, and all his people, and his land; and thou shalt do to him as thou didst unto Sihon king of the Amorites, who dwelt at Heshbon. So they smote him, and his sons and all his people, until there was none left him remaining: and they possessed his land."

"Fear him not ..." (Numbers 21:34). Og was a giant, and he might have inspired fear by his size, and also because of strongly fortified cities which he had built, "Which are still a wonder to all who behold their ruins."[21]

Cook spoke of these verses thus: "In these apparently unimportant words is the record of the Israelite conquest of Bashan and the occupation of Gilead north of the Jabbok."[22] Og's kingdom was largely peopled with Amorites, but the fealty of the region belonged to Og. Thus, with the total destruction of the Amorite kingdoms, Israel had at this point secured their rear and were then standing opposite the city of Jericho, the first of the cities of Canaan proper that were destined to fall before the invincible armies of Israel. Before the entry into Canaan, however, other important episodes of their history would be recorded, notably their defection at Baal-Peor (Numbers 26), and the pitiful efforts of Balaam to seduce Israel, which, in fact, he accomplished in the fiasco at Baal-Peor.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Numbers 21:33". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/numbers-21.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And they turned,.... From Jaazer, after they had taken it, and came back a little way:

and went up by the way of Bashan; which was a nearer way to Canaan, a fine country abounding with oxen and sheep, having rich pastures, and very famous for its oaks; it had its name from the mountain of Bashan in it, and has been since called Batanea; it was at this time in the hands of the Amorites, and from them it was taken by Israel, as follows: who marched this way for that purpose, or at least were so directed by the providence of God for that end:

and Og king of Bashan went out against them; who was of the race of the giants, and he himself of a gigantic stature, and was a king of the Amorites, as well as Sihon, Deuteronomy 3:8, he came out in an hostile manner against Israel, to stop them going any further:

he, and all his people: out of his many cities, a numerous army no doubt:

to the battle at Edrei; where it was fought between him and Israel. Jerom saysF20De locis Heb. fol. 87. I. & 92. M. it was in his time called Adara, a famous city of Arabia, twenty four or twenty five miles from Bozra, and six from Ashtaroth Karnaim, the ancient seat of the Rephaim, or giants from whom Og sprung, Genesis 14:5, and was the seat of Og now, from whence he came to Edrei or Adara, to meet and fight Israel there; see Deuteronomy 1:4.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Numbers 21:33". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/numbers-21.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

they turned and went up by the way of Bashan — a name given to that district from the richness of the soil - now Batanea or El-Bottein - a hilly region east of the Jordan lying between the mountains of Hermon on the north and those of Gilead on the south.

Og — a giant, an Amoritish prince, who, having opposed the progress of the Israelites, was defeated.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Numbers 21:33". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/numbers-21.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And they turned and went up by the way of Bashan: and Og the king of Bashan went out against them, he, and all his people, to the battle at Edrei.

Og — Who also was a king of the Amorites. And it may seem that Sihon and Og were the leaders or captains of two great colonies which came out of Canaan, and drove out the former inhabitants of these places.

Bashan — A rich country, famous for its pastures and breed of cattle, and for its oaks.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Numbers 21:33". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/numbers-21.html. 1765.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Numbers 21:33. Went by the way of Bashan A famous mountain, Psalms 68:15 lying more northwardly than the country of Sihon, and belonging also to the Amorites; for both Sihon and Og are said to be kings of the Amorites, Deuteronomy 3:8. It is celebrated in Scripture for its rich pasture, and excellent breed of cattle, Psalms 22:12 and for its stately oaks, Ezekiel 27:6. It gave name to that whole country where Og reigned, which was called by the Scythians and Arabians Bethana, and by the Greeks Batanea; and it lay about the brook Jabbok. Og was of the remnant of the giants of Rephaim, who were a mighty people in that country; compare Genesis 14 with Joshua 12:4; Joshua 13:12. Edrei, afterwards called Adra, is placed by St. Jerome among the considerable villages of Arabia, about four miles from Bozrah.

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Bibliographical Information
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Numbers 21:33". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/numbers-21.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Og also was a king of the Amorites, of whom see Deuteronomy 3:1,11. And it may seem that Sihon and Og were the leaders or captains of two great colonies which came out of Canaan, and drove out the former inhabitants of these places.

Bashan, a rich country, famous for its pastures and breed of cattle, Deuteronomy 32:14 Psalms 22:12 Jeremiah 1:19, and for its oaks, Ezekiel 27:6.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Numbers 21:33". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/numbers-21.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

33.Bashan is thus bounded: on the north by Mount Hermon, on the east by Salcah, the Geshurites, and the Maachathites, on the south by the “border of Gilead,” and on the west by the Jordan valley. This, with “half Gilead,” was allotted to the half-tribe of Manasseh. Recent explorers have discovered in this region almost fabulous wonders in the number of ruined cities, their cyclopean architecture and surprising preservation confirming the scriptural statement that the Rephaim, the giants, once flourished here. “The cities built and occupied some forty centuries ago by these old giants exist even yet. I have traversed their streets; I have opened the doors of their houses; I have slept peacefully in their long-deserted halls.” — J.L. Porter. “The richness of the whole district was of itself sufficient attraction for the invaders, for the oaks of Bashan and the vast herds of cattle that roamed its forest glades and green meadows were its boast and glory, while the landscapes and pastoral wealth of Gilead were hardly less famous. Lovely natural parks, frequent glades covered with heavy crops of wheat and barley, and with trees and shrubs grouped in charming variety, dark forests forming the background, charm the traveller even now.” — Geikie. Og, the last representative of the giant race, was lord of sixty fenced cities. Himself, his sons, and his people were defeated and exterminated by Israel at Edrei after the conquest of Sihon, his friend and ally according to Josephus. His enormous stature is corroborated by an appeal to a relic still existing in the time of the author of Deuteronomy 3:11. His unusual size and prowess as a warrior excited among the Israelites a dread which God himself alleviated by his special encouragement to Moses before the battle, “Fear him not.”

Edrei — “The Strong.” There were apparently two towns in Bashan of this name. One is mentioned in Deuteronomy 1:4, and Joshua 12:4, identified as the modern Dera, or Draa, on the east of the pilgrim-road between Remtha and Mezareib. At this southern Edrei Keil supposes that the great battle was fought, from the improbability that King Og would suffer Israel’s invading army to march to the northern frontier of his kingdom, the site of the other Edrei, without contesting his advance. See Joshua 13:31, note. The capital of Og was almost unassailable, being built in a hollow artificially scooped out of the top of a hill, which the deep gorge of the Hiero-max isolates from the country around. Its streets may be still seen running inall directions beneath the present town of Adraha.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Numbers 21:33". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/numbers-21.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Numbers 21:33. Og — Who was also a king of the Amorites. And it may seem that Sihon and Og were the leaders or captains of two great colonies which came out of Canaan, and drove out the former inhabitants of these places. Bashan — A rich country, famous for its pastures and breed of cattle, and for its oaks.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Numbers 21:33". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/numbers-21.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Og, the king of the most fertile country of Basan, was of gigantic stature, Deuteronomy iii. 11. The Rabbins relate many fables concerning him. --- Edrai was 15 miles to the north of the torrent Jeboc, (Calmet) which was the southern extremity of this territory. (Haydock)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Numbers 21:33". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/numbers-21.html. 1859.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And they turned and went up by the way of Bashan: and Og the king of Bashan went out against them, he, and all his people, to the battle at Edrei.

They turned, and went up by the way of Bashan - a name given to that district from the richness of its soil (now Batanea or El Bottein); a hilly region east of the Jordan, lying between the mountains of Hermon on the north and those of Gilead on the south.

Og. [The Zuz-im, the Shas'u of the Egyptian monuments, who were the original inhabitants of this region, called themselves Huk-soos, 'Royal shepherds,' because Huk signifies a king, and Soos signifies a shepherd. Manetho alone has preserved the royal prefix, Huk, by which the ancient tribe distinguished its chief. This epithet, Uk, appears in Scripture as the title of the sovereign of Bashan; because the Hebrew, `Owg (Hebrew #5747), Houg (Og), is a very fair attempt to imitate the native word which Manetho endeavours to render in Greek letters by Huk. It is evidently allied to the Egyptian Hak, a ruler, of which the reduplicate Agag, 'Agag (Hebrew #90), of Amalek, may be taken as a variant (Courbaux).] Og belonged to the giant race of Rephaim; and he is represented by Josephus ('Antiquities,' b. 4:, ch. 5:, sec. 3) as the friend and ally of Sihon.

Edrei - his capital, a strongly fortified place, the reduction of which, considering the combined advantages it possessed of natural position and artificial defense, could not have been effected by the military prowess or skill of the Israelites without the favour and aid of heaven (see the note at Deuteronomy 3:1).

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Numbers 21:33". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/numbers-21.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And they turned and went up by the way of Bashan: and Og the king of Bashan went out against them, he, and all his people, to the battle at Edrei.
they turned
Deuteronomy 3:1-6; 29:7; Joshua 13:12
Bashan
Deuteronomy 32:14; Psalms 22:12; 68:15; Isaiah 33:9; Ezekiel 27:6; 39:18; Amos 4:1
Og
32:33; Deuteronomy 1:4; 3:1; 4:47; 29:7; Joshua 9:10; 12:4; 13:30
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 3:10 - Edrei;  1 Chronicles 5:11 - Gad;  1 Chronicles 5:12 - Bashan;  1 Chronicles 6:71 - Bashan;  Psalm 68:22 - Bashan;  Psalm 136:20 - General

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Numbers 21:33". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/numbers-21.html.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

33.And they turned and went up. Here there is another victory of the people described, wherein they again experienced the continued favor of God, in order that they may be aroused to greater alacrity, and courageously prepare themselves for farther progress; for they might confidently expect that, with God for their leader, all things would succeed prosperously with them. The region of Bashan, as Scripture informs us in many places, was fertile, and famous for its rich pastures; but Moses here also testifies to its great extent. It was, then, no ordinary proof of God’s favor and aid, that they should take it in a moment, as it were. It is not, therefore, without cause, that, in the Psalm, God’s power and goodness is magnified in reference to these victories; because He

“slew mighty kings, Sihon king of the Amorites, and Og king of Bashan, and gave their land for a heritage, a heritage unto his people.” (Psalms 135:10.):

For, although the Israelites were superior in numbers, yet there is no doubt but that, when this king dared to go forth to battle, he trusted in his forces, and deemed himself equal to resistance. Hence did God’s grace shine forth the more conspicuously; and, indeed, in order that he may extol its greatness the more, Moses afterwards also relates that sixty cities were taken. (135)

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on Numbers 21:33". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/numbers-21.html. 1840-57.