Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Proverbs 20:13

Do not love sleep, or you will become poor; Open your eyes, and you will be satisfied with food.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Idleness;   Industry;   Poor;   Poverty;   Thompson Chain Reference - Business Life;   Indolent Sleep;   Industry;   Sleep;   Sleep-Wakefulness;   Virtues;   Work, Physical;   The Topic Concordance - Laziness;   Poverty;   Satisfaction;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Idleness and Sloth;   Poor, the;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Love;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Pardon;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Proverbs, Book of;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Poor;   Poverty;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Menander;   Shirah, Pereḳ;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Love not sleep, lest thou come to poverty - Sleep, indescribable in its nature, is an indescribable blessing; but how often is it turned into a curse! It is like food; a certain measure of it restores and invigorates exhausted nature; more than that oppresses and destroys life. A lover of sleep is a paltry, insignificant character.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:13". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/proverbs-20.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Open thine eyes - Be vigilant and active. That is the secret of prosperity.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:13". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/proverbs-20.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

"Love not sleep, lest thou come to poverty; Open thine eyes, and thou shalt be satisfied with bread."

"If you spend your time sleeping, you will be poor. Keep busy and you will have plenty to eat."[9] "What is stated in the first line here is elaborated in Proverbs 6:9-11."[10] See our comment on those verses.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:13". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/proverbs-20.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Love not sleep, lest thou come to poverty,.... Sleep is a very great natural blessing; it is a gift of God, what nature requires, and is desirable; it is to be loved, though not immoderately; it is sweet to a man, and what he should be thankful for; yet should not indulge himself in to the neglect of the proper business of life; nor to be used but at the proper time for it; for the eye is made for sight, and not for sleep only, as Aben Ezra observes, connecting the words with the preceding; and therefore should not be kept shut and inattentive to business, which must necessarily end in poverty and want; see Proverbs 6:9; and so spiritual sleep and slothfulness bring on a spiritual poverty in the souls of men, both as to the exercise of grace and the performance of duty;

open thine eyes, and thou shall be satisfied with bread; that is, open thine eyes from sleep, awake and keep so, and be sedulous and industrious in the business of thy calling; so shalt thou have a sufficiency of food for thyself and family; see Proverbs 12:11. It may be applied to awaking out of sleep in a spiritual sense, and to a diligent attendance to duty and the use of means, whereby the souls of men come to be satisfied with the goodness of the Lord, and the fatness of his house; see Ephesians 5:14.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:13". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/proverbs-20.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Activity and diligence contrasted with sloth (Proverbs 6:9; Proverbs 10:11).

lest  …  poverty — literally, “be deprived of inheritance.”

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:13". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/proverbs-20.html. 1871-8.

Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary

13 Love not sleep, lest thou become poor;

Open thine eyes, and have enough to eat.

What is comprehended in the first line here is presented in detail in Proverbs 6:9-11. The fut . Niph . of רוּשׁ, to become poor (cf. Proverbs 10:4), is formed metaplastically from ירשׁ, Proverbs 23:21; Proverbs 30:9, as at 1 Samuel 2:7; Hitzig compares (Arab.) ryth, which, however, means to loiter or delay, not to come back or down. The R. רש signifies either to be slack without support (cf. דּל ), or to desire (cf. אבון, Arab. fkyr, properly hiscens , R. פק, as in פקח, to open widely, which here follows). Regarding the second imper. 13b, vid ., Proverbs 3:4 : it has the force of a consequence, Las deine augen wacker sein, So wirstu brots gnug haben (Luth.) [Let thine eyes be open, so shalt thou have bread enough]. With these two proverbs of the eyes, the group beginning with Proverbs 20:8 rounds itself off.

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The Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary is a derivative of a public domain electronic edition.
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Keil, Carl Friedrich & Delitzsch, Franz. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:13". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/kdo/proverbs-20.html. 1854-1889.

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary on the Bible

Note, 1. Those that indulge themselves in their ease may expect to want necessaries, which should have been gotten by honest labour. “Therefore, though thou must sleep (nature requires it), yet love not sleep, as those do that hate business. Love not sleep for its own sake, but only as it fits for further work. Love not much sleep, but rather grudge the time that is spent in it, and wish thou couldst live without it, that thou mightest always be employed in some good exercise.” We must allow it to our bodies as men allow it to their servants, because they cannot help it and otherwise they shall have no good of them. Those that love sleep are likely to come to poverty, not only because they lose the time they spend in excess of sleep, but because they contract a listless careless disposition, and are still half asleep, never well awake. 2. Those that stir up themselves to their business may expect to have conveniences: “Open thy eyes, awake and shake off sleep, see how far in the day it is, how thy work wants thee, and how busy others are about thee! And, when thou art awake, look up, look to thy advantages, and do not let slip thy opportunities; apply thy mind closely to thy business and be in care about it. It is the easy condition of a great advantage: Open thy eyes and thou shalt be satisfied with bread; if thou dost not grow rich, yet though shalt have enough, and that is as good as a feast.”

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Henry, Matthew. "Complete Commentary on Proverbs 20:13". "Matthew Henry Complete Commentary on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mhm/proverbs-20.html. 1706.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Love not sleep, lest thou come to poverty; open thine eyes, and thou shalt be satisfied with bread.

Open — Shake off sloth and betake thyself to thy employment with diligence and vigour.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:13". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/proverbs-20.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Proverbs 20:13 Love not sleep, lest thou come to poverty; open thine eyes, [and] thou shalt be satisfied with bread.

Ver. 13. Love not sleep, lest thou come to poverty.] In sleep there is no use either of sight or hearing, or any other sense. And as little is there of the spiritual senses in the sleep of sin. It fared with the good prophet [Zechariah 4:1] as with a drowsy person, who though awake and set to work, yet was ready to sleep at it; and Peter, James, and John, if the spirit hold not up their eyes, may be in danger to fall asleep at their prayers, [Matthew 26:37-45] and so fall into spiritual poverty: for if prayer stands still, the whole trade of godliness stands still. And a powerless prayer, proceeding from a spirit of sloth, joined with presumption, makes the best men liable to punishment for profaning God’s name, so that he may justly let them fall into some sin, which shall awaken them with smart enough. [Proverbs 19:15] {See Trapp on "Proverbs 19:15"}

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:13". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/proverbs-20.html. 1865-1868.

The Popular Commentary by Paul E. Kretzmann

v. 13. Love not sleep, that associated with slothfulness, lest thou come to poverty, that being the result of sloth; open thine eyes, with the proper energy, industry, and vigor, and thou shalt be satisfied with bread, for so is diligent activity rewarded.

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Kretzmann, Paul E. Ph. D., D. D. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:13". "Kretzmann's Popular Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/kpc/proverbs-20.html. 1921-23.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Love not sleep, i.e. immoderate sleep, or sloth, or idleness. Take sleep because necessity requires it, not from any love to it.

Open thine eyes; awake out of sleep, shake off sloth, and betake thyself to thy employment with diligence and rigour.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Proverbs 20:13". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/proverbs-20.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

13.Love not sleep — Love it not for itself — its ease and indulgence — but use it only for the refreshment of nature.

Open thine eyes — Be wide awake and diligent.

Thou shalt be satisfied — Literally, be satisfied. The imperative is frequently used for the indicative future. Sleep is a great blessing, and needful to health, vigour, and activity; but one may contract the habit of sleeping more than is needful. Some men work with body or mind when they ought to be sleeping. Others sleep when they ought to be working. Judgment, prudence, and self-denial are necessary in this as in other matters. Instead of “Love not sleep,” the Septuagint has, “Love not to speak ill,” etc. Compare Proverbs 12:11; Proverbs 19:15.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:13". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/proverbs-20.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Proverbs 20:13. Love not sleep — That is, immoderate sleep, nor sloth, or idleness. Take sleep because necessity requires it, not from any love to it; lest thou come to poverty — Lest thou reduce thyself to beggary. Persons that indulge themselves in sleep to excess, not only lose the time which they spend therein, but contract a listless, indolent disposition and habit, and are generally half asleep, or never well awake, and therefore, of course, come to poverty. Open thine eyes — Awake out of sleep, shake off sloth, and betake thyself to thy employment with diligence and vigour. Thou shalt be satisfied with bread — If thou do not grow rich, yet thou shalt have what is sufficient for the supply of thy own wants, and the wants of those dependant upon thee.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:13". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/proverbs-20.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Sleep. Septuagint, "back-biting, that thou mayst not be taken off." (Haydock)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:13". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/proverbs-20.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

come to poverty = become dispossessed. Hebrew. yarash. See note on Proverbs 6:11.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:13". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/proverbs-20.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Love not sleep, lest thou come to poverty; open thine eyes, and thou shalt be satisfied with bread. Love not sleep, lest thou come to poverty; open thine eyes, and thou shalt be satisfied with bread.

Love not sleep. To sleep is a matter of necessity; to love sleep is the mark of indolence.

Open thine eyes. God has given the eye not to be always closed, but, after necessary repose, to be opened to see and watch (Proverbs 20:12).

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:13". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/proverbs-20.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(13) Open thine eyes.—Be up and stirring.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:13". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/proverbs-20.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Love not sleep, lest thou come to poverty; open thine eyes, and thou shalt be satisfied with bread.
Love
6:9-11; 10:4; 12:11; 13:4; 19:15; 24:30-34; Romans 12:11; 2 Thessalonians 3:10
open
Jonah 1:6; Romans 13:11; 1 Corinthians 15:34; Ephesians 5:14
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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 20:13". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/proverbs-20.html.

Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible

Заметьте:

(1) тот, кто потакает себе в праздности, должен быть готов к тому, что будет нуждаться в самом необходимом, что обычно добывается честным трудом. «Поэтому, хотя ты должен спать (этого требует природа), в то же время не люби спать, как те, кто ненавидит труд. Не люби спать ради самого сна, а спи столько, сколько необходимо, чтобы сделать тебя пригодным для дальнейшей работы. Не люби много спать, а жалей время, потраченное на сон; желай, чтобы можно было жить без сна и ты постоянно мог быть занят каким-то добрым делом». Мы должны позволять нашему телу спать, как позволяем спать слугам, потому что они не могут обходиться без этого и в противном случае не сделают ничего хорошего. Любящий спать скорее всего обеднеет не только потому, что теряет время на чрезмерный сон, а потому, что привыкает к бездеятельности и беспечности, постоянному дремотному состоянию и никогда толком не просыпается.

(2) Кто побуждает себя к работе, тот может надеяться иметь комфортную жизнь: «Держи открытыми глаза твои; пробудись, стряхни сон, посмотри – день уже в разгаре; посмотри, как твоя работа нуждается в тебе и как другие заняты делом! Проснувшись, осмотрись, отметь свои преимущества и не дай возможностям ускользнуть от тебя. В работе применяй свой ум и беспокойся о ней. Вот условие великого преимущества: «Держи открытыми глаза твои, и будешь досыта есть хлеб». Даже если и не станешь богатым, но будешь иметь достаточно, а это так же хорошо, как пиршество».

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Henry, Matthew. "Concise Commentary on Proverbs 20:13". "Matthew Henry Concise Commentary
>
>on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mhn/proverbs-20.html. 1706.

Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible

Those that indulge themselves, may expect to want necessaries, which should have been gotten by honest labour.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Henry, Matthew. "Concise Commentary on Proverbs 20:13". "Matthew Henry Concise Commentary
>
>on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mhn/proverbs-20.html. 1706.