Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Revelation 16:17

Then the seventh angel poured out his bowl upon the air, and a loud voice came out of the temple from the throne, saying, "It is done."
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Good and Evil;   Meteorology and Celestial Phenomena;   Temple;   Wicked (People);   The Topic Concordance - Day of the Lord;   Earthquakes;   Israel/jews;   War/weapons;   Wrath;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Babylon;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Millennium;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Order;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Air;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Babylon, Mystical;   Idol;   Josiah;   Rest;   Revelation of John, the;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Air;   Revelation, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Antichrist;   Plagues of Egypt;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Angels;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Temple, the;   Vials;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Revelation of John:;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Air;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Poured out his vial into the air - To signify that this plague was to be widely diffused, and perhaps to intimate that pestilences and various deaths would be the effect of this vial. But possibly air in this place may have some emblematical meaning.

It is done - It is said, Revelation 10:7, that in the days of the seventh trumpet the mystery of God should be finished; so here we find it completed. Γεγονε· All's over! Fuimus Troes! Ilium fuit! Once there were Trojans, and they had a city; but now all are extinct.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/revelation-16.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the air - This introduces the final catastrophe in regard to the “beast” - his complete and utter overthrow, accompanied with tremendous judgments. Why the vial was poured into the air is not stated. The most probable supposition as to the idea intended to be represented is, that, as storms and tempests seem to be engendered in the air, so this destruction would come from some supernatural cause, as if the whole atmosphere should be filled with wind and storm; and a furious and desolating whirlwind should be aroused by some invisible power.

And there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven - The voice of God. See the notes on Revelation 11:19.

From the throne - See the notes on Revelation 4:2. This shows that it was the voice of God, and not the voice of an angel.

Saying, It is done - The series of judgments is about to be completed; the dominion of the beast is about to come to an end forever. The meaning here is, that that destruction was so certain, that it might be spoken of as now actually accomplished.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/revelation-16.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

And the seventh poured out his bowl upon the air; and there came forth a great voice out of the temple, from the throne, saying, It is done:

And the seventh angel poured out his bowl upon the air ... Let it again be noted that the physical environment of the whole earth is indicated in every one of these bowls, in their aggregate, taking in everything that is significant in that environment; but, since the great promise of God (Genesis 8:22,23) has assured the stability of that environment as long as the earth stands, we are forbidden to literalize these symbols, and must therefore interpret them as indicating the wrath of God poured out upon the moral, intellectual, cultural, spiritual, and religious environment of the earth. The vicious propaganda of the frogs, as do all the other judgments, fits neatly into this interpretation.

We may not suppose, of course, that John had in mind any thought whatever of radio, television, etc.; but in his day people would merely have said that the very air people breathe was contaminated with evil, and it was true. Evil in the Roman empire at the time of the emergence of Christianity was one sprawling, intricate, well-organized system of wickedness. Marriage was corrupted; slavery was the rule everywhere, there being 60,000,000 slaves in the pagan empire; the black arts of magic and witchcraft enjoyed ambassadorial status at every great seat of authority on earth, as did Elymas at Paphos (Acts 13:8). The temples of Bacchus and Aphrodite Pandemas glorified and exploited sex, drunkenness, and other evils, as did also the other pagan temples all over the empire, supported and maintained by the clergy of the pagan priesthood. Thus, the fulfillment of this bowl upon the ancient empire must be admitted as true; and yet there is something here in addition to that and far-removed from ancient Rome.

So it is not strange that these words perfectly describe the pollution of the air-waves today by the excesses of radio and television. The very air, which is an essential of human environment, is in a sense contaminated. The angel of God's wrath seems to have poured out his bowl upon the air. If so, the total pollution of the air our children breathe may yet occur. We may only pray that the gathering storm may be dissipated and that decency and morality may replace the steady diet of violence, sex, drunkenness, frivolity, and general wickedness of the "air" programs, which many right-thinking people are rightly opposing. However it may be for this generation, the hardening of people and the pouring of the bowl of God's wrath upon the air surely indicate the coming of a time (when, we do not know) of the near total destruction of man's moral environment.

We have now seen all the bowls poured out. What do they mean? A very perceptive person suggested that they mean that "a time will come when all the evil in the universe shall unite to oppose truth and righteousness, making it seem for a time that all is lost." This would certainly seem to be true; but evil shall not win; right shall prevail. God's answer to the first general hardening of mankind (Romans 1) was the First Advent of Christ; and his answer to the second and final general hardening of the human race will be the Second Advent of the Lord Jesus Christ, an event that follows very closely the pouring out of these seven bowls of wrath.

A great voice from the throne ... It is done ... This does not refer merely to the seventh bowl. "The singular refers to the whole series of plagues now completed."[60] This signals the onset of the final judgment described at once.

ENDNOTE:

[60] Charles H. Roberson, op. cit., p. 124.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/revelation-16.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the air,.... Or "upon the air", as the Alexandrian copy, Syriac and Arabic versions, read; by which is meant the kingdom of Satan, he being the prince of the power of the air, Ephesians 2:2 not that he has power over the air, to raise or lay winds and storms in it at pleasure; but he is so called because he is the prince of that posse of devils, the principalities and powers of darkness, that have their dwelling in the air; hence the air, encompassing the whole earth, stands for the kingdom of Satan all the world over: and this vial differs from all the rest; that whereas the rest only affect some part or branch of the antichristian state, this will affect all the remains of the Pagan, Papal, and Mahometan powers, gathered and united together at Armageddon; and the pouring out of this vial is the execution of divine wrath and vengeance upon them all at once; and the effects of this vial will not only reach to the kings of the earth, and of the whole world, and their armies, or the united forces of the remains of Pagans, Papists, and Mahometans, who will be slain, and their flesh given to the fowls of the air; and not only to the beast and false prophet, who will be taken in this battle, and cast alive into the lake of fire, which is expressive both of their temporal and eternal punishment, Revelation 19:17 but to the binding of Satan upon the second coming of Christ, of which notice is before given, Revelation 16:15 and even to the destruction of Gog and Magog at the end of the thousand years' reign; yea, to the casting of the devil into everlasting fire, since this vial is the last plague, in which the wrath of God is filled up, and so brings to the end of all things, Revelation 20:1. The first accomplishment of this vial will be the decisive battle at Armageddon, when the remains of all Christ's and his church's enemies will have a total defeat; and this will be the third and last woe, which will utterly destroy those that have destroyed the earth, Pagans, Papists, and Mahometans, even all the open enemies of Christ, so that nothing will lie in the way of his kingdom; now will the spiritual reign of Christ, which has been gradually advancing by the pouring out of each vial, be in its full glory: but though antichrist will be no more, and Satan will have no more in form an open kingdom upon earth; yet, towards the close of this reign, great lukewarmness and coldness will seize professors of religion, and immorality and profaneness will abound again; which will bring on the times of the coming of the son of man; who, upon his personal descent from the third heaven into the air, will drive Satan and his posse of devils from their territories, and quickly will the general conflagration begin, when the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat; and which is no inconsiderable part of the pouring out of this vial into the air.

And there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne; this voice is said to come "out of the temple of heaven", that is, out of the temple which is in heaven, which will now be opened, as under the sounding of the seventh trumpet, with which this vial corresponds, and indeed is contemporary; and which designs the church, enjoying the pure worship of God, the word and ordinances, and the free exercise of religion; and this shows that when this voice will be uttered, as yet the Jerusalem church state will not be begun, since there will be no temple in that; see Revelation 11:19 the words, "of heaven", are left out in the Alexandrian copy, and in the Vulgate Latin, Syriac, and Ethiopic versions, which read, "out of the temple from the throne"; the seat of government in the church, described in Revelation 4:2 the voice came with power, authority, and majesty; not from any of the four and twenty elders, or four living creatures, or angels about the throne; but either from God the Father that sits upon it; or from Christ the Lamb in the midst of it, and rather from the latter, since a like phrase was used by him on the cross, John 19:30 and the same is expressed by him who is the Alpha and Omega, Revelation 21:6 and this voice is called a great one, being the voice of a great person, the King of kings, and coming with great power, and was spoken aloud:

saying, it is done; what the angel swore should be in the days of the seventh angel, namely, that time, antichristian time, should be no more, and the mystery of God in his purposes and providences should be finished, and all the glorious things spoken of his church and people be accomplished; See Gill on Revelation 10:6, Revelation 10:7 the word γεγονε may be rendered "it has been", or "it was", and the sense is, but now is not; and the meaning may be, Babylon was, but is not, it is now fallen; the beast and false prophet were, but now are not; the Turk, or Mahomet, was, but is no more; all the antichristian powers are destroyed; Christ's body, the church, will be completed, the Jews will be converted, and the fulness of the Gentiles brought in, all the elect called, and the new Jerusalem prepared as a bride for her husband; and when the utmost effects of this vial will take place, the end of all things will be; by the same "fiat" that made the heavens and the earth, they will disappear, and new heavens and earth succeed in their room.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/revelation-16.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

21 And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the 22 air; and there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from 23 the throne, saying, 24 It is done.

(21) The story of the seventh angel to the end of the chapter, in which first is shown by sign and speech, the argument of this plague, in this verse: and then is declare the execution of it in the verses following.

(22) From whence he might move the heaven above, and the earth beneath.

(23) That is, from him that sits on the throne, by metonymy.

(24) That is, Babylon is undone, as is shown in (Revelation 16:19) and in the chapters following. For the first onset (as I might say) of this denunciation, is described in this chapter: and the last containing a perfect victory, is described in those that follow.

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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/revelation-16.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

angel — so Andreas. But A, B, Vulgate, and Syriac omit it.

into — so Andreas (Greek, “{(eis}”). But A and B, “upon” (Greek, “{(epi}”).

great — so B, Vulgate, Syriac, Coptic, and Andreas. But A omits.

of heaven — so B and Andreas But A, Vulgate, Syriac, and Copti)c omit.

It is done — “It is come to pass.” God&l)squo;s voice as to the final consummation, as Jesus‘ voice on the cross when the work of expiation was completed, “It is finished.”

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/revelation-16.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Upon the air (επι τον αεραepi ton aera). All men breathe the air and this is worse than the smiting of the earth (Revelation 16:2), the sea (Revelation 16:3), the fresh waters (Revelation 16:4), the sun (Revelation 16:8).

A great voice (πωνη μεγαληphōnē megalē). The voice of God as in Revelation 16:1.

It is done (ΓεγονενGegonen). Perfect active indicative of γινομαιginomai Like ΓεγονανGegonan in Revelation 21:6. The whole series of plagues is now complete.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/revelation-16.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Temple of heaven

Omit of heaven.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/revelation-16.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the air; and there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, It is done.

And the seventh poured out his phial upon the air — Which encompasses the whole earth. This is the most weighty phial of all, and seems to take up more time than any of the preceding.

It is done — What was commanded, verse1. Revelation 16:1 The phials are poured out.

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/revelation-16.html. 1765.

Scofield's Reference Notes

angel

(See Scofield "Hebrews 1:4").

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Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Revelation 16:17". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/revelation-16.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

17 And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the air; and there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, It is done.

Ver. 17. Into the air] The popish air, the kingdom of Satan, Ephesians 2:2.

Saying, It is done] What is done? The mystery of iniquity is abolished, and the mystery of God is fulfilled. So Cicero when he had slain those of Catiline’s conspiracy, he came to the people, and said, vixerunt, they were alive, but now the world is well rid of them.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/revelation-16.html. 1865-1868.

Sermon Bible Commentary

Revelation 16:17

Satanic Influence.

I. We know it to have been a prevalent opinion among the Jews that fallen angels had their residence in the air, filling that region which extends between the earth and the firmament. We can hardly say whence the opinion was derived, nor on what sufficient reasons it can be supported. But when St. Paul calls the devil "the prince of the power of the air," he may be said to favour the opinion and almost to give it the sanction of his authority. It is, however, of little importance that we determine where fallen angels have their habitations; and perhaps the associating the devil with the air is not so much for the purpose of defining the residence of Satan as to give us information as to the nature of his dominion. We mean that probably we are not hereby taught that the devil dwells in the air—though that also may be the meaning—but rather that he has at his disposal the power of the air, so that he can employ this element in his operations on mankind. And we know of no reason why the power of the devil should be regarded as confined to what we are wont to call spiritual agency, so as never to be employed in the production of physical evil, why the souls, and not also the bodies, of men should be considered as objects of his attack. If we believe, as we do believe, that ever since his first success Satan has been unwearied in his endeavours to follow up his victory, as far as the soul is concerned, by instigating to sin, plying with temptations, and throwing obstacles in the way of piety, why should we not also believe that he has continued his assaults on the body, wasting it with sickness, racking it with pain, and thus making it a vast encumbrance to the soul in her strivings after righteousness? Indeed, if it could even be supposed that, engaged in attempting the destruction of our immortal part, the devil would care nothing for our mortal, knowing it already doomed to death and therefore not worth his malice, yet, when you remembered how the mind may be acted on through the body, how difficult and almost impossible it is to turn the thoughts on solemn and deep inquiries where there is great suffering in the flesh, you would conclude it probable that the body as well as the soul would be assailed and harassed by Satan and his angels.

II. We are indeed well aware that it is not the devil who destroys man. It must be man who destroys himself. The devil can do nothing against us except as we afford him opportunity, yielding ourselves to his suggestions and allowing him to lead us captive at his will. But it may at length come to pass, if we persist in walking as children of disobedience, that we quite expel from our breast the Spirit of God, whose strivings have been resisted, and whose admonitions have been despised, and enthrone in his stead that spirit of evil whose longing and whose labour it is to make us share his own ruin. And then is there as clear a demoniacal possession as when the man was cast into the fire or water through the fearful energies of the indwelling fiend. Let us not too hastily conclude that there is nothing in our days at all analogous to those demoniacal possessions of which so frequent mention is made in the Gospel. When the Apostle speaks of the devil as "working in the children of disobedience," he uses the same word which is elsewhere used of the operations of the Holy Ghost, that Divine Agent who dwelleth in believers, residing in them as a permanent monitor, renewing their nature, and preparing them for glory. So that St. Paul ascribes to the devil, as acting in the children of disobedience, that very same energy which he ascribes to God's Spirit as acting in the disciples of Jesus. And whatever, therefore, the degree in which we consider good men as possessed by the Holy Ghost, in that very same degree must we consider abandoned and reprobate men as possessed by Satan and his angels. There must be as much of direct influence, as much of the surrender of the man to the dominion set up within himself, in the one case as in the other. In neither have we right to say that free agency is interfered with, much less destroyed; but in both there is the willing submission to the dictates of another, and that other so identified with the man himself that he is actually bound by the being obeyed. There is, then, no doubt that the devil is an enemy to be dreaded and resisted; but we thank God for the assertion that there is to break a day on our creation when the malignant adversary shall be bound and spoiled of his power to assail.

H. Melvill, Fenny Pulpit, No. 1838.

References: Revelation 18:2.—Homiletic Magazine, vol. viii., p. 99. Revelation 18:4.—G. Carlyle, Christian World Pulpit, vol. iii., p. 168. Revelation 18:10.—F. W. Farrar, Ibid., vol. xxxiii., p. 312. Revelation 19:1.—Preacher's Monthly, vol. ii., p. 262. Revelation 19:3.—G. Calthrop, Words Spoken to My Friends, p. 358.



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Nicoll, William R. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". "Sermon Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sbc/revelation-16.html.

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

These words describe and declare unto us the pouring out of the seventh vial by the seventh angel; in which we have observable,

1. The subject upon which it fell, namely, the air; not the elements of air, earth, or water, are to be understood in this chapter literally; for the vials poured forth are vials of wrath, and consequently are poured forth upon the proper objects of God's displeasure, which the elements are not; but it is the earthly antichristian church which is thought to be here intended, so called in opposition to the heavenly and pure church. So that by the air, here, Mr. Mede understands all the subjects of Satan's kingdom, who is called the prince of the air; and the pouring out of this vial upon the air denotes the full and final destruction of Satan's power.

Observe, 2. The adjunct accompanying the pouring out of this vial, namely, a voice out of heaven, saying, It is done; that is, "These last plagues are now finished, the work of God is done, and what in his counsels he designed for the destruction of his enemies, and for the deliverance of his people: this is said to be done, because it was now doing; and accomplished, because it was now accomplishing." God's threatenings of judgment (except man repent) are as sure when denounced as if they were already executed.

Observe, 3. The direful effects and dreadful consequences of this last vial's pouring forth, namely,

1. Thunder, lightning, and earthquake: all implying thus much, that the storm of God's wrath, now coming upon the kingdoms of sin, Satan, and Antichrist, would be very terrible and amazing.

2. The great city was divided into three parts; into three factions, say some, and that Antichrist's kingdom was now falling by being divided within itself. And the cities of the nations fell, namely, Heathens, nations, and places which withstood Christ and his gospel. For all Christ's enemies are now to be deposed from public authority. And great Babylon come up in remembrance before God; not that God was ever unmindful of her, either of her impiety towards himself, or of her cruelty towards his people: but as good works are said to be remembered when they are rewarded, so wickedness is then remembered when it is punished. God remembered Babylon, when for the full cup of her sins, he put into her hand a full cup of wine of the fierceness of his wrath. God is never forgetful either of his church's sufferings, or his enemies' sins, but will punish the one, and redress the other, in his own appointed time.

3. As another effect of the pouring forth of this vial, it is added, every island fled away and the mountains were not to be found; signifying, say some, that the remotest and strongest places, which owned and maintained Babylon, shall either be converted or confounded. Intimating, say others, that there shall be no place in that day of God's wrath to flee unto for safety; neither island in the sea, nor mountain on dry land.

Observe lastly, The superadded judgment of unusual hail which God poured forth upon Babylon, as before upon Egypt, Exodus 9:19-34 There fell great hail out of heaven, every stone about the weight of a talent. An hyperbolical expression, setting forth the design and purpose of God to pursue Babylon, and the worshippers of the beast, until they be utterly destroyed.

A talent, say some, was an hundred pound weight; if so, these hail-stones were sufficient not only to kill men, but to dash them all in pieces. This heavy hail shows that weighty sins procure heavy judgments yet mark what a bad use these obdurate sinners made of all these tremendous judgments, they blasphemed God.

They were so obstinate in their idolatry, that they stood it out against all God's judgments; and when they should have humbled themselves under his mighty hand, they opened their mouths in blasphemies against him.

Here note, that in the book of Exodus we do not read that the old Egyptians blasphemed God when the plague of hail was inflicted upon them, nor when they lay under any of the ten plagues; but these idolaters instead of giving glory to God, they blasphemed him, because of the greatness of their plagues. This perhaps is an emblem of what the damned will do at the day of judgment: though their consciences be convinced of the righteousness of their sentence, yet they will not cease to pour out blasphemies against God, upon the account of the severity and eternity of their torments.

But verily then will all the divine attributes be conspicuously glorified, his wonderful clemency sweetly displayed, his exact justice terribly demonstrated, his perfect wisdom clearly unfolded, and all the knotty intricacies of providence wisely resolved, and the injured honour and glory of Almighty God visibly cleared and repaired, to the joyful satisfaction of all good men, and to the dreadful consternation and confusion of all impenitent sinners, who with these worshippers of the beast will gnaw their tongues for anguish, and blaspheme the holy and just God most unjustly, for bringing upon them that destruction which they had deserved, yea, that damnation which they had chosen.

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Burkitt, William. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/revelation-16.html. 1700-1703.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the air: I take this to be best interpreted (as Mr. Mede doth it) by the power of the air, of which Satan is called the prince, Ephesians 2:2, that is, upon all the children of the devil, that had so long given disturbance to the church of Christ.

It is done; that is, the work of God is done, his counsels for the destruction of his enemies, and the deliverance of his people, are brought forth in the issue of his providence, not fully yet brought to an issue, but accomplishing.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/revelation-16.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

Седьмойчашусовершилось! Эта чаша будет завершающей чашей Божьего гнева (кроме последнего суда над обольщенными сатаной мятежниками в конце Тысячелетия; см. 20:7-10), и сразу после этого произойдет Второе пришествие Христа. Эта чаша возвестит о самом ужасном бедствии в истории грешного мира. Несомненно, голос из небесного храма – это голос Самого Бога. «Совершилось» лучше перевести как «Сделано, и останется таковым» (ср. Ин. 19:30).

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/revelation-16.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Into the air; the place of storms and tempests, which immediately follow, verses Revelation 16:18; Revelation 16:21, and are, as well as earthquakes, symbolic of mighty commotions and overturnings among the nations.

It is done; the destruction of the enemies of God is complete. So certain was it, that he spoke of it as already accomplished.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/revelation-16.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

‘And the seventh poured out his bowl on the air, and a great voice came out of the Temple from the throne saying, “It is done”.’

The seventh bowl brings all to conclusion. The voice from the throne declares that ‘It is done’. This bowl is poured out on the air. It produces the great hail which speaks of the final judgment of God (compare on Revelation 11:19), and the final great earthquake beyond all earthquakes (Revelation 16:18). For in that bowl all is completed. “It is done”. The voice from the throne declares the end of all things. This compares with the strong angel who declared that time was no longer to be (Revelation 10:6). The voice from the throne may be that of a living creature or it may be the voice of the One Who sits on the throne. Either way it is final.

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/revelation-16.html. 2013.

Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation

(4) The voice from the throne--16: 17.

The great voice from the temple-throne that ordered the plagues, understood to be that of God Himself, now declared the end in verse seventeen--it is done--that is, the plagues had been accomplished, the mission of the seven angels had been fulfilled.

The pouring out of the vial into the air symbolized that the sphere of the influence of the wicked nations was destroyed by the wrath of God in the seventh vial--it was the destroying of them that destroy; and is the same of apocalyptic characters as Isaiah 26:13-14, prophesying the decease of the wicked lords who had oppressed Israel: "O Lord our God, other lords have had dominion over us . . . they are dead, they shall not live; they are deceased, they shall not rise; therefore hast thou visited and destroyed them, and made all their memory to perish." No clearer explanation could be made of the visions in Revelation in the pouring out of the vials of wrath upon the nations that persecuted the Bride of Christ, the Lamb--his church.

(7) The last vial poured into the air, causing voices, thunders, lightenings and a great earthquake: "And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the air; and there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, It is done. And there were voices, and thunders, and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake; such as was not since men were upon the earth, so mighty an earthquake, and so great"--16:17-18.

As defined before, the symbol of the air represented the sphere of life and influence of the wicked nations. In Ephesians 2:1 Satan was named the prince of the power of the air-- not the actual exercise of power, but of influence--the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience.

In this symbol the great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne was not the voice of an angel, but of the Great God Himself. The great voice said: It is done. The time for the end of the judgments had come; the time for fall of the Harlot City; and the time for the punishments to follow on both Jewish and imperial persecutors of the church; all of which was signified by the distant rumbling of voices, thunders and lightnings. The earthquake everywhere used in the apocalypse symbolized the shaking of nations; and the effects of the fall of Jerusalem were not limited to Judea and the Jews--the mighty influence of the terrible events had a solemn impact of worldwide significance.

With the removal of Judaism from the path of the church the way was opened for the universal expansion of Christianity, and the Lord's words in Matthew 24:31 were fulfilled: "And he shall send his angels (emissaries) with a great sound of a trumpet (the proclamation of the gospel), and they shall gather together his elect (those converted by the gospel) from the four winds (every direction), from one end of heaven to the other (the remotest bounds of the habitation of men). And it was done.

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Wallace, Foy E. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". "Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/foy/revelation-16.html. 1966.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

This final judgment has the greatest impact of all since the air into which the angel pours his bowl is what humans breathe. [Note: Swete, p210.] The loud voice is probably once again God"s since it comes from the throne in the heavenly temple (cf. Revelation 16:1). With the outpouring of the final bowl God announced that His series of judgments for this period in history was complete. This statement is proleptic since it anticipates the completion of the seventh bowl judgment, which John had yet to reveal (cf. Revelation 21:6).

"The pouring out of the seventh vial into the air is probably a gesture pointing to the utter demolition of man"s greatest final weapon in human warfare, when once the wrath of God is poured out in the great day of God Almighty." [Note: Smith, A Revelation . . ., p236.]

"Men would not have the Savior"s "It is finished!" on Calvary; so they must have the awful "It is done!" from the Judge!" [Note: Newell, p262.]

The Greek words used are not the same.

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/revelation-16.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Revelation 16:17. And the seventh poured out his bowl upon the air. The air is the dwelling-place of the powers of darkness, whose head is ‘the prince of the power of the air.’

And there came forth a great voice out of the temple, from the throne, saying, It is done. The voice is from God, and from His very throne. The words are, ‘It is done,’ i.e all God’s purposes are accomplished: all the plagues are poured out; the end is reached.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/revelation-16.html. 1879-90.

Gary Hampton Commentary on Selected Books

The earth, salt water and fresh water have previously been involved in the bowls. Now, the air is included. It should be remembered the devil is called the prince of the power of the air. (Ephesians 2:2) God"s wrath is now complete, as a voice from the throne tells us.

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Hampton, Gary. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". "Gary Hampton Commentary on Selected Books". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghc/revelation-16.html. 2014.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

into. Greek. eis as in Revelation 16:16; but the texts read epi (App-104.)

out of. Greek. apo. The texts read ek (as Revelation 16:1).

of heaven. The texts omit.

from. App-104.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/revelation-16.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the air; and there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, It is done. Angel. So Andreas; but 'Aleph (') A B, Vulgate, Syriac, omit.

Into. So Andreas [ eis (Greek #1519)]; but's 'Aleph (') A B, 'upon' [ epi (Greek #1909)].

Great. So 'Aleph (') B, Vulgate, Syriac, Coptic, Andreas; but A omits.

Of heaven. So B, Andreas; but 'Aleph (') A, Vulgate, Syriac, Coptic, omit.

It is done, [ Gegonen (Greek #1096)] - 'It is come to pass.' God's voice as to the consummation, as Jesus' voice on the Cross, when the expiation was completed, "It is finished" [ Tetelestai (Greek #5055)] (John 19:28).

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-16.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(17) And the seventh . . .—Translate, And the seventh (angel) poured out his vial upon the air, and there came forth a voice out of the temple, from the throne, saying, It is done. The results of the outpouring of this vial are described in the following verses; but before these are seen, the voice from the throne—God’s own voice (see Revelation 16:1)—proclaims, as though rejoicing in the near approach of the happy end, “It is done.” The close of these scenes of sin and suffering is now at hand, for the last of the last plagues has been sent forth.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/revelation-16.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the air; and there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, It is done.
into
20:1-3; Ephesians 2:2; 6:12
there
1; 11:19; 14:17; 15:5,6
It is
10:6,7; 21:6; Daniel 12:7-13; John 19:30
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 50:27 - their day;  Ezekiel 9:11 - I have;  Ezekiel 39:8 - it is come;  Daniel 12:1 - there shall;  Haggai 2:21 - I will;  Revelation 4:1 - the first;  Revelation 4:5 - proceeded;  Revelation 10:5 - lifted;  Revelation 11:15 - and there;  Revelation 14:13 - a voice;  Revelation 14:15 - came;  Revelation 15:1 - last;  Revelation 19:5 - a voice

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-16.html.

Walter Scott's Commentary on Revelation

SEVENTH BOWL OF WRATH.

Revelation 16:17-21. — "And the seventh poured out his bowl on the air; and there came out a great voice from the temple of the Heaven, from the throne, saying, It is done. And there were lightnings, and voices, and thunders; and there was a great earthquake, such as was not since men were upon the earth, such an earthquake, so great. And the great city was (divided) into three parts; and the cities of the nations fell; and great Babylon was remembered before God to give her the cup of the wine of the fury of His wrath. And every island fled, and mountains were not found. And a great hail, as of a talent weight, comes down out of Heaven upon men; and men blasphemed God because of the plague of hail, for the plague of it is exceeding great." The events described under the previous Vial were preparatory to the final outpouring of God's wrath on the apostate civil power, and on the yet more guilty Babylon of ecclesiastical fame and history, the religious corruptress of the earth. We have just witnessed the providential judgment of God on the "great river Euphrates," and the universal gathering of the nations under the marvellous energy of Satan infused into the three frog-like{*Impudence and uncleanness are characteristic of the frogs. These filthy creatures, born out of the waters and stagnant pools of Egypt, were peculiarly obnoxious to the cleanly Egyptians. The palace of the monarch and the hovel of the peasant were equally infested with the loathsome reptiles, whose croaking sounds added to the general misery (Exodus 8:3-14). Frogs and serpents were by the ancients classed together in the expression of what was loathsome and morally disgusting. Frogs were regarded by the Greek writers and poets as the proper inhabitants of the Stygian lake, or river of hell.} spirits of demons. The world has been warned, "Behold I come as a thief," and saints solemnly counselled to walk with undefiled garments, hence all was fully prepared under the sixth Vial. There is, therefore, no further delay. The seventh golden Bowl is now poured out, exceeding in magnitude and severity anything hitherto witnessed since man began his sorrowful history outside Eden.

17. — "The seventh poured out his bowl on the air." This judgment falls upon the moral life-breath of the world. The air, essential to natural life, is symbolically visited in judgment. The realm of Satan is really the sphere of this awful plague (Ephesians 2:2); only we gather that the "air," as used in this prophecy of the consummation of judgment on the organised systems of evil, denotes the ruin of all right moral influences and principles which act upon men — the destruction of the moral life of all individual, social, religious, and political society. It is a far-reaching and permeating judgment.

17. — The temple and throne unite, and He Who dwells in the one and sits on the other announces with a great voice, "It is done." The end has come. Details of Babylon's overthrow are unfolded in the two subsequent chapters. Here the mere fact is stated, particulars are reserved. The close of providential dealing has come, and there remains but the last and most awful stroke of judgment inflicted by the Lord in Person at His Coming. The wrath of God is closed up in the pouring out of the seventh Vial, to be followed by the more awful exhibition — open and public — the wrath of the Lamb.

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Scott, Walter. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". "Walter Scott's Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sor/revelation-16.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

The seventh angel was the last of the group that was to pour the vials out upon the earth. The voice came out of the temple which signifies that it was a voice of authority. The voice made the brief announcement that it is done, meaning that the revolution signified by the "seven last plagues" was accomplished. The great revolution thus symbolized was the Reformation of Luther and his fellow workers that resulted in breaking up the union of church and state. .

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Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/revelation-16.html. 1952.

Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation

Revelation 16:17

Revelation 16:17 And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the air; and there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, It is done.

The air fills all empty places in the whole universe; and by this mystical air, we may understand all Satan's kingdom, who is the prince of power of the air, { Ephesians 2:2} so that the wrath of God poured out of this seventh vial, will diffuse and spread over all the kingdoms of antichrist, Pope and Turk, and all the enemies of God and his people.

And there came a great voice out of the Temple of heaven from the throne.

This great voice was the voice of Christ, whose throne is in the Temple of heaven. { Psalm 103:19} The Lord hath prepared his throne in the heavens, his kingdom ruleth over all.

The Temple of heaven

is the Church of God. { Jeremiah 17:12} A glorious high throne from the beginning is the place of our sanctuary. { Ephesians 2:19-21}

Saying, it is done;

that Isaiah, there shall be time no longer to the beast, to the Turk, to mystery Babylon, nor to their dominions; for the mystery of God is finished. { Revelation 10:6-7; Revelation 11:15-16; Revelation 21:5-6} And all the kingdoms of the world shall then become the kingdom of Christ, and of his saints. { Daniel 7:27; Revelation 11:15}

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Knollys, Hanserd. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". "Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hkc/revelation-16.html.

Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms

Seventh Vial

Revelation 16:17. And the seventh poured out his vial upon the air; and there went out a loud voice out of the temple from the throne, which said: It is done. Bengel: "The air is, in a manner, the work-shop of lightning, etc., as also of hail, and even earthquakes arise from the air, mingling itself with hot vapours within the earth."

In Revelation 16:1 merely, "a loud voice out of the temple," because there it is clear from what goes before, that the voice can be no other than the voice of God. Here this is rendered still more evident by the added expression, "from the throne."

From the reference to Revelation 16:1 the expression, "it is done," receives its more definite meaning. The commission was to pour out the seven vials of God's wrath on the earth. This commission was now, after the pouring out of the seventh vial, fulfilled; for the inevitable result that was to follow, could easily be anticipated, (comp. on ch. Revelation 11:17). The word, "it is done," at the same time carries along with it the end of the ungodly world and its power. For, according to ch. Revelation 15:1 the wrath of God is filled up with these seven plagues; but the completion of God's wrath pre-supposes the complete annihilation of its object. It would be a blasphemy to assert, that the wrath of God could come to an end, so long as enmity to him and his church is still upon the field. Ezekiel 9:11 is similar, "And behold the man, who had on the linen clothing and the inkhorn by his side, answered and said, I have done, as thou commandest me."

We must not explain, It has been. For, then we should want a definite subject. We cannot think of Rome. For nothing in the whole group is as yet said of it; and that the operation of the vials does not limit itself to Rome, is evident from what follows, in which Babylon the great appears only as a particular point, which was struck by the judicial severity of God under this seal. The γέγονε occurs also in ch. Revelation 21:6 in the signification of: it is done. It has been, has something disagreeably sharp in it, and is more poetical than prophetical.

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Hengstenberg, Ernst. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/revelation-16.html.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

e. The seventh vial, on the air—the earthquake, the battle, and BABYLON’S DOWNFALL, Revelation 16:17-20.

17.And—The great event is not given in this consecutive order. On the contrary, the tumult of the terrible conflict is reflected in the confusion of the narrative.

A great voice out of the temple—Where the avenging divine Presence is fixed until the downfall. Note on Revelation 15:8.

It is done—The catastrophe is, in immediate anticipation, complete. The capital of antichrist is prostrated. Note Revelation 18:8.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/revelation-16.html. 1874-1909.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Revelation 16:17. The temple (Revelation 11:19) and the throne (Revelation 8:3) are again blended in one scene. In Isaiah 66:6 the divine vengeance is heralded by , .

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/revelation-16.html. 1897-1910.

The Bible Study New Testament

17. Then the seventh angel poured out his bowl in the air. Satan’s last effort at crushing God’s people ends before it has any chance of succeeding, as the seventh bowl brings the Judgment. It is done! God’s decree has been carried out. The work is complete. The seventh bowl brings our world of time to an end.

 

 

 

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Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Revelation 16:17". "The Bible Study New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/revelation-16.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.