Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Revelation 20:10

And the devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are also; and they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Animals;   Antichrist;   Hell;   Lake;   Millennium;   Punishment;   Satan;   Vision;   Wicked (People);   Scofield Reference Index - Death;   Satan;   Summary;   Thompson Chain Reference - Adversary;   Defeat of Satan;   Destiny;   Eternal;   Everlasting;   Evil;   Fire;   Future State of the Wicked;   Future, the;   Punishment;   Satan;   Satan's;   Satan-Evil Spirits;   Serpent;   Tempter;   Torment;   The Topic Concordance - Deception;   Devil/devils;   Hell;   Israel/jews;   War/weapons;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Devil, the;   Hell;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Eschatology;   Hell;   Jerusalem;   Jesus christ;   Millennium;   Miracles;   Satan;   World;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Abyss;   Condemnation;   Destroy, Destruction;   False Prophet;   Heaven, Heavens, Heavenlies;   Lake of Fire;   Punishment;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Croisade, or Crusade;   Devil;   Hell;   Judgment, Last;   Universalists;   CARM Theological Dictionary - Amillennialism;   Death;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Brimstone;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Antichrist;   Brimstone;   Captivity;   Deep;   Devil;   Leviathan;   Tyre;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Beast;   Brimstone;   Dragon;   False Prophet;   Fire;   Revelation, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Brimstone;   Chiliasm;   Devil;   Evil;   Thessalonians, Second Epistle to the;   Time;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Antichrist ;   Beast;   Brimstone;   Brimstone ;   Devil ;   Divination;   Enoch Book of;   False Christs;   Fire;   Hell;   Inspiration and Revelation;   Judgment Damnation;   Lake of Fire;   Lying ;   Resurrection;   Sin (2);   Torment;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Antichrist;   Babylon the Great ;   Beast;   Brimstone;   Hell;   Prophets, the;   Trinity;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Fire;   Gog;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Devil;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Fire;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Gog and Magog;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Abyss, the;   Crime;   Lake;   Lake of Fire;   Print;   Punishment, Everlasting;   Revelation of John:;   Satan;   Unquenchable Fire;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Brimstone;  
Devotionals:
Daily Light on the Daily Path - Devotion for June 9;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

And the devil - was cast onto the lake - Before Satan was bound, that is, his power was curtailed and restrained; now, he is cast into the lake of fire, his power being totally taken away.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/revelation-20.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And the devil that deceived them - See the notes on Revelation 20:3, Revelation 20:8.

Was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone - In Revelation 19:20, it is said of the beast and the false prophet that they were “cast alive into a lake of fire, burning with brimstone.” Satan, on the other hand, instead of being doomed at once to that final ruin, was confined for a season in a dark abyss, Revelation 20:1-3. As the final punishment, however, he is appropriately represented as consigned to the same doom as the beast and the false prophet, that those great enemies of God, that had been associated and combined in deceiving the nations, might share the same appropriate punishment in the end. Compare Revelation 16:13-14.

Where the beast and the false prophet are - See the notes on Revelation 19:20.

And shall be tormented day and night forever - Compare the notes on Revelation 14:11. All the great enemies of the church are destroyed, and henceforward there is to be no array of hostile forces; no combination of malignant powers against the kingdom of God. The gospel triumphs; the way is prepared for the final consummation.

Section d. - Condition of things in the period referred to in Revelation 20:9-10;

(1) There will be, after the release of Satan, and of course at the close of the millennial period properly so called, a state of things which may be well represented by the invasion of a country by hostile, formidable forces. This, as shown in the exposition, need not be supposed to be literal; but it is implied that there will be decided hostility against the true religion. It may be an organization and consolidation, so to speak, of infidel principles, or a decided worldly spirit, or some prevalent form of error, or some new form of depravity that shall be developed by the circumstances of that age. What it will be it is impossible now to determine; but, as shown above (section c, (4)), it is by no means improbable that this will occur even at the close of the millennium.

(2) there will be a decided defeat of these forces thus combined, “as if” fire should come down from heaven to destroy an invading army. The “mode” in which this will be done is not indeed stated, for there is no necessity of understanding the statement in Revelation 20:9 “literally,” anymore than the other parts of the chapter. The fair inference, however, is that it will be by a manifest divine agency; that it will be sudden, and that the destruction will be entire. We have no reason, therefore, to suppose that the outbreak will be of long continuance, or that it will very materially disturb the settled order of human affairs on the earth - anymore than a formidable invasion of a country does, when the invading army is suddenly cut off by some terrible judgment from heaven.

(3) this overthrow of the enemies of God and of the church will be “final.” Satan will be “cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, to be tormented day and night forever.” The beast and the false prophet are already there Revelation 19:20; that is, they will have ceased long since, even before the beginning of the millennial period (Revelation 19:20, compared with Revelation 20:1-3), to have opposed the progress of truth in the world, and their power will have been brought to an end. Satan now, the last enemy, will be doomed to the same hopeless woe; and all the enemies that have ever opposed the church - in all forms of paganism, Mohammedanism, Popery, and delusion - will be destroyed forever. The world then will have peace; the church will have rest; the great triumph will have been achieved.

(4) for reasons stated in the analysis of the chapter, 5. (c), it is possible that there will be a long period of continued prosperity and peace between the events stated in Revelation 20:9-10, and the final judgment, as described in Revelation 20:11-15. If so, however, the purpose of the book did not require that that should be described at length, and it must be admitted that the most “obvious” interpretation of the New Testament would not be favorable to such a supposition. Compare Luke 17:26-30; Luke 18:8; 1 Thessalonians 5:2, 1 Thessalonians 5:3; 2 Peter 3:3-4. The great glory of the world will be the millennial period; when religion shall have the ascendency and the race shall have reached its highest point of progress on earth, and the blessings of liberty, intelligence, peace, and piety, shall have during that period been spread over the globe. In that long duration, who can estimate the numbers that shah be redeemed and saved? That period passed, the great purpose contemplated by the creation of the earth - the glory of God in the redemption of a fallen race, and in setting up a kingdom of righteousness in a world of apostasy - will have been accomplished, and there will be no reason why the final judgment should not then occur. “The work of redemption will now be finished. The end for which the means of grace have been instituted shall be obtained. All the effect which was intended to be accomplished by them shall now be accomplished. All the great wheels of Providence have gone round all things are ripe for Christ‘s coming to judgment” (President Edwards‘ History of Redemption).

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/revelation-20.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And the devil that deceived them,.... Both before death, in the present life, by tempting and drawing them into immorality and profaneness, or idolatry, superstition, and will worship, or persecution of the saints; and after their resurrection, by instigating them to make this foolish attempt upon the saints of the most High:

was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone; the same with the everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels; this will be his full torment, in which he is not as yet; and this will not be until the judgment is finished hereafter described; though it is here mentioned to issue the account of Satan at once, and to show what will be his final state and condition:

where the beast and false prophet are; Revelation 19:20 who for so many years have been companions in wickedness together; the beast being the first beast that received his power, seat, and authority from the dragon, or devil; the false prophet being the second beast, or antichrist in his ecclesiastical capacity, as the beast is antichrist in his civil power, whose coming is after the working of Satan, with signs and lying wonders:

and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever; that is, not only the devil, but the beast and false prophet, for the word is in the plural number: and this will be the case of all wicked men, of all whose minds are enmity to God and Christ, and to his people; and is a proof of the eternity of hell torments.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/revelation-20.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

18 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet [are], and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.

(18) The third part, eternal destruction against those that are overcome: as I noted in the same place.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/revelation-20.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

that deceivedGreek, “that deceiveth.”

lake of fire — his final doom: as “the bottomless pit” (Revelation 20:1) was his temporary prison.

where — so Coptic. But A, B, Vulgate, and Syriac read, “where also.

the beast and the false prophet are — (Revelation 19:20).

day and night — figurative for without intermission (Revelation 22:5), such as now is caused by night interposing between day and day. The same phrase is used of the external state of the blessed (Revelation 4:8). As the bliss of these is eternal, so the woe of Satan and the lost must be. As the beast and the false prophet led the former conspiracy against Christ and His people, so Satan in person heads the last conspiracy. Satan shall not be permitted to enter this Paradise regained, to show the perfect security of believers, unlike the first Adam whom Satan succeeded in robbing of Paradise; and shall, like Pharaoh at the Rod Sea, receive in this last attempt his final doom.

for ever and everGreek, “to the ages of the ages.”

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/revelation-20.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Was cast (εβλητηeblēthē). First aorist (prophetic, affective) passive indicative of βαλλωballō (Revelation 20:3).

Into the lake of fire and brimstone (εις την λιμνην του πυρος και τειουeis tēn limnēn tou puros kai theiou). As in Revelation 19:20 with the two beasts, as he adds, “where are also the beast and the false prophet” (οπου και το τηριον και ο πσευδοπροπητηςhopou kai to thērion kai ho pseudoprophētēs).

They shall be tormented (βασανιστησονταιbasanisthēsontai). Return to the prophetic future of Revelation 20:7, Revelation 20:8. For βασανιζωbasanizō see Revelation 9:5; Revelation 14:10. For “day and night” (ημερας και νυκτοςhēmeras kai nuktos) see Revelation 4:8; Revelation 7:15; Revelation 12:10; Revelation 14:11. For “for ever and ever” (εις τους αιωνας τον αιωνωνeis tous aiōnas ton aiōnōn) see Revelation 1:6, Revelation 1:18; Revelation 4:9, Revelation 4:10; Revelation 5:13; Revelation 7:12; Revelation 10:6; Revelation 11:15, etc. The devil was cast down from heaven (Revelation 12:9), then imprisoned (Revelation 20:2.), now he received his final doom.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/revelation-20.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.

And they — All these.

Shall be tormented day and night — That is, without any intermission. Strictly speaking, there is only night there: no day, no sun, no hope!

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/revelation-20.html. 1765.

Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

Where the beast and the false prophet are; as stated Revelation 19:20.

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Abbott, John S. C. & Abbott, Jacob. "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ain/revelation-20.html. 1878.

Scofield's Reference Notes

devil

Satan, Summary: This fearful being, apparently created one of the cherubim (See Scofield "Ezekiel 1:5") See Scofield "Ezekiel 28:12" and anointed for a position of great authority, perhaps over the primitive creation, (note 3); See Scofield "Genesis 1:2" Ezekiel 28:11-15 fell through pride Isaiah 14:12-14 His "I will" Isaiah 14:13 marks the introduction of sin into the universe. Cast out of heaven Luke 10:18 he makes earth and air the scene of his tireless activity; Ephesians 2:2; 1 Peter 5:8. After the creation of man he entered into the serpent. See Scofield "Genesis 3:1", and, beguiling Eve by his subtilty, secured the downfall of Adam and through him of the race, and the entrance of sin into the world of men Romans 5:12-14.

The Adamic Covenant (See Scofield "Genesis 3:14") promised the ultimate destruction of Satan through the "Seed of the woman." Then began his long warfare against the work of God in behalf of humanity, which still continues. The present world-system Revelation 13:8 organized upon the principle of force, greed, selfishness, ambition, and sinful pleasure, is his work and was the bribe which he offered to Christ Matthew 4:8; Matthew 4:9. Of that world-system he is prince; John 14:30; John 16:11 and god 2 Corinthians 4:4. As "prince of the power of the air" Ephesians 2:2 he is at the head of vast host of demons. See Scofield "Matthew 7:22". To him, under God, was committed upon earth the power of death Hebrews 2:14. Cast out of heaven as his proper sphere and "first estate," he still has access to God as the "accuser of the brethren" Revelation 12:10 and is permitted a certain power of sifting or testing the self-confident and carnal among believers; Job 1:6-11; Luke 22:31; Luke 22:32; 1 Corinthians 5:5; 1 Timothy 1:20 but this is strictly permissive and limited power, and believers so sifted are kept in faith through the advocacy of Christ Luke 22:31; Luke 22:32. See Scofield "1 John 2:1". At the beginning of the great tribulation Satan's privilege of access to God as accuser will be withdrawn Revelation 12:7-12. At the return of Christ in glory Satan will be bound for one thousand years Revelation 20:2 after which he will be "loosed for a little season" Revelation 20:3; Revelation 20:7; Revelation 20:8 and will become the head of final effort to overthrow the kingdom. Defeated in this, he will be finally cast into the lake of fire, his final doom. The notion that he reigns in hell is Miltonic, not biblical. He is prince of this present world-system, but will be tormented in the lake of fire.

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Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Revelation 20:10". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/revelation-20.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

10 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.

Ver. 10. And the devil] This Mr Brightman interprets of the Turk, called here the devil, because instigated and set awork by the devil. Albeit another learned expositor is of opinion, that by the fall of the beast and conversion of the Jews, the Turks and other states of the East shall be brought to embrace the gospel, being first taught thereto by some notable foil. What to think of this I know not; but cannot but like well of Diodate’s note upon Revelation 20:4; that in all this prophecy it is better and more sure to expect and stay for the explication by the event than to give it without any certain ground.

And shall be tormented] Gr. βασανισθησονται, racked. The devil and the damned have punishment without pity, misery without mercy, sorrow without succour, crying without comfort, mischief without measure, torments without end and past imagination.

For ever and ever] This is as another hell in the midst of hell, and forceth them to cry, ουαι, ουαι, " woe, woe," as if they should say, ουκ αει, ουκ αει, "not ever, not ever, Lord." Whereto conscience answereth as an echo, αει, αει, "ever, ever." Hence that doleful ουαι, "woe and alas" for evermore.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/revelation-20.html. 1865-1868.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Revelation 20:10. καὶ βασανισθήσονται) The more recent Latin copies badly omit καὶ:(221) and thence construe it thus, where both the beast and the false prophet shall be tormented; as though the devil himself were not to be tormented. The purity of the text is the more to be defended in this place, lest the casting of the beast and the false prophet into the lake of fire previously to that of the devil should be obliterated, whereas the particle καὶ necessarily infers it. [Not until now does the punishment of Satan commence. Until this limit he continues to sin without restraint, if you except his imprisonment during the thousand years, during which there is an interruption of his worst doings.—V. g.]

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/revelation-20.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

After this shall be the end of the world, when the devil shall be restrained to hell, the place of torments, where he shall have all heathens, and all the rabble of antichrist, who shall be there tormented constantly and for ever and ever.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/revelation-20.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

прельщавший их Бесы будут вовлекать армии мира в битву при Армагеддоне, точно так же сатана будет вовлекать их в самоубийственную борьбу против Христа и Его людей (16:13, 14).

озеро огненное и серное См. пояснение к 19:20.

мучиться день и ночь См. пояснение к 14:11. Постоянные и невероятные по силе мучения будут единственными ощущениями сатаны, падших ангелов и нераскаявшихся грешников.

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/revelation-20.html.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where are also the beast and the false prophet; and they shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.

And the devil ... was cast into the lake of fire ... This is the hell of which Jesus so often spoke, and concerning which he revealed it is prepared, not for man, but for Satan and his angels (Matthew 25:41). Alas, men also shall suffer therein, but God never intended that it should be so. Christ spread wide his bleeding hands upon the Cross in order to prevent any man from ever suffering the punishment of the damned; but people who choose to ignore this must assume the full responsibility for the consequence of their failure.

Revelation has already clearly recounted how the beast and the false prophet were destroyed in the same lake of fire, but we are not at liberty to suppose these are three separate events. "The fact that John saw the beast destroyed before he saw Satan bound has nothing to do with the order in which these things actually happen."[48] It is clear enough that the final judgment is the occasion when all of these things will occur. Read Matthew 25:31-46, which is the best possible commentary on what the apostle wrote here.

Shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever ... Here is the doctrine of endless punishment, a teaching visible throughout the New Testament. "Whether the fire is construed literally or figuratively is immaterial: the lesson taught is intense and endless punishment; and no more impressive emblem could have been used."[49] This clause positively identifies this scene as the final judgment, an event already depicted six times previously in this prophecy. See chapter introduction for a list of these.

Beginning back at Revelation 12:1, we witnessed in the vision the appearance of the dragon (Satan), the sea-beast (perverted government), and the land-beast (perverted religion); and then there came successive judgments in which these three were destroyed in reverse order, thus bringing to an end the period of the Christian age. All evil will ultimately fall before the will of God.

All that remains now is, "to show forth the surpassing glory of the saints in their eternal home, and thus to bring the book to a conclusion. This, therefore, is the theme of the remaining two chapters."[50]

[48] Michael Wilcock, op. cit., p. 190.

[49] John T. Hinds, op. cit., p. 293.

[50] A. Plummer, op. cit., p. 474.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/revelation-20.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

‘And the Devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and brimstone where the beast and the false prophet also are, and they will be tormented day and night for ever and ever.’

The Devil shares the fate of his close minions, and the severity of their punishment is stressed. This parallels the fate of the unearthly beast and the false prophet both of whom represent Satanic power (see Revelation 19:20). All three are sent there. Unlike mortal man Satan appears to be indestructible. As a spirit-being he cannot be destroyed and he must therefore be kept under total restraint for ever. The ‘chain’ had allowed him some freedom. That will be the case no longer. The ‘lake of fire’ is a symbol of something that destroys, but that it is not literal comes out in that in the end death and Hades will be destroyed by it (Revelation 20:14). It is thus God’s incinerator. Satan’s torment will mainly lie in what he has forfeited and lost, and in what this has made him. It will be the consequence of his own choice and of what he has turned himself into. It will be eternal remorse, burning like a fire around him. It will be a place where he is totally restrained and which he can never leave. His influence is finished.

This is in strict contrast with the fate of rebellious man. The beast and false prophet were cast ‘alive’ (this is emphasised - Revelation 19:20) into the lake of fire, whereas it is stressed that the remainder ‘were killed’ (Revelation 19:21). Of them we learn that it is only ‘the smoke of their torment’ that arises for ever and ever (Revelation 14:11; compare Revelation 18:9-10; Revelation 18:18; Revelation 19:3). In their case, having suffered their deserved punishment, their suffering itself ceases, but the means of their punishment burns on for ever as an everlasting witness.

This is as depicted in Isaiah 66:24 where they are described in terms of dead bodies tossed on to an eternally burning rubbish dump. Compare Isaiah 34:10 where a similar idea of smoke arising for ever and ever from God’s judgment is depicted, and the judgment of Babylon the Great, which is also depicted in terms of similar rising smoke (Revelation 18:18). Its punishment and destruction leaves behind a permanent reminder, symbolised by rising smoke.

‘The lake of fire and brimstone’. That this is not a literal lake of fire is clear from the fact that Satan has no bodily form, and could thus not be cast into fire. It contrasts, by its connection with brimstone, with the pure fire of God’s holiness (compare Revelation 9:17 with Revelation 11:5). It indicates something dreadful and miserable and beyond comprehension. It is the ‘eternal fire prepared for the Devil and his angels’ (Matthew 25:41). That their punishment is severe there can be no doubt, but its true form we can never fully appreciate. As mentioned Death and Hades are also thrown into the lake of fire (Revelation 20:14). It can thus denote a place of permanent end. They clearly are not kept alive.

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/revelation-20.html. 2013.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

Then God, perhaps using an unnamed agent, will cast Satan, the deceiver, into the lake of fire that He previously prepared for the devil and his angels ( Matthew 25:41). The fact that the beast and the false prophet are still there shows that this is a place of conscious torment, not annihilation ( Revelation 19:20). The Gog of the former invasion of Palestine ( Revelation 19:17-21) is the beast. Furthermore the lake of fire is a place of eternal judgment: "day and night forever and ever." This will be Satan"s final abode, and this judgment will constitute the ultimate bruising of his head (cf. Genesis 3:15; John 12:31).

"It is hard for humans to conceive of how literal fire can bring torture to nonphysical beings, but the reality of unbearable pain inflicted on Satan is unquestionable. However the Bible may speak of that future punishment-whether as the lake of fire, outer darkness ( Matthew 8:12; Matthew 22:13; Matthew 25:30), wailing and gnashing of teeth ( Matthew 8:12; Matthew 13:42; Matthew 13:50; Matthew 22:13; Matthew 24:51; Matthew 25:30; Luke 13:28), a never-dying worm and unquenchable fire ( Mark 9:48), or fire and brimstone-it presents a picture of mental agony and corporeal suffering combined in proportion to the guilt of those who have sinned ( Luke 12:47-48) ..." [Note: Thomas, Revelation 8-22, p426.]

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/revelation-20.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Revelation 20:10. And the devil that deceiveth them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where are also the beast and the false prophet; and they shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever. The last great enemy of the Church is now overcome and destroyed as the beast and the false prophet have already been (chap. Revelation 19:20). He is cast into the lake of fire, where all three are tormented for ever and ever. It is presupposed in this everlasting torment that they have made their final and unchangeable choice of evil. This is indicated in the words ‘that deceiveth,’ the present tense leading us to the thought of the essential character, not the present action, of the great enemy of man.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/revelation-20.html. 1879-90.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/revelation-20.html. 1859.

A Study of the Prophetic Book of Holy Scriptures

SIXTH DOOM .

SATAN .

Revelation 20:10.

"And the "Devil" that deceived them was cast into the "LAKE OF FIRE AND BRIMSTONE," where the "Beast" and the False Prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever."

As punishment for his final act of Rebellion, Satan shall be seized, probably by the same Angel that chained him, and hurled into the "LAKE OF FIRE," where he will find alive and waiting for him the "Beast" and the "False Prophet" who were cast therein a1000 years before. This shows that there is no such thing as annihilation. The "Lake of Fire" was prepared for the Devil and his angels ( Matthew 25:41), not to consume them in, for God could do that with fire from heaven, but to PUNISH THEM IN and all those whose names are not written in the "Book of Life" will go to the same place to spend eternity. The reason why Satan does not want people to read and study the Book of Revelation Isaiah, because he does not want the world to know that there is to be an end to his power.

Only the "bodies" of those who perish in this last great war will be destroyed by fire, their "souls" and "spirits" will go to the "Hell Compartment" of the "Underworld" to come out at the Resurrection

of the Wicked dead and .appeal" at the "Great White Throne Judgment," and be sentenced to the "SECOND DEATH," which, as we have seen, means that they must spend eternity without a material body in the "Lake of Fire."

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Larkin, Clarence. "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". A Study of the Prophetic Book of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/clr/revelation-20.html.

Gary Hampton Commentary on Selected Books

The devil is cast down into the lake of fire and brinstone where the beast and false prophet were already being punished. (Revelation 19:20) Since the harlot was burned and the smoke goes up, it might be said all the forces of evil reap the same reward. Thayer says the word torment means, "to vex with grievous pains (of body or mind)". A double plural is used here to indicate time that goes on and on. It is like a repeating number in math. Thus, we could put for ever and ever and ever, etc. God will never be through punishing Satan for what he did. The everlasting fire was prepared for him and the angels that joined him in rebellion. (Matthew 25:41) Note the word translated "everlasting" and "eternal" in Matthew 25:46. Therefore, it could be said the reward of the faithful will only go on as long as the punishment of the wicked continues.

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Hampton, Gary. "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". "Gary Hampton Commentary on Selected Books". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghc/revelation-20.html. 2014.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

lake, &c. See Revelation 19:20.

where. The texts add "also".

beast, false prophet. See Revelation 19:20.

are. No verb. Read "were", or "were cast".

and. Add "they".

tormented. Last of five occurances in Rev. Compare Revelation 9:5.

for ever, &c. App-151. a.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/revelation-20.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.

That deceived - `that deceiveth,' etc.

Lake of fire - his final doom: as "the bottomless pit" (Revelation 20:1) was his temporary prison.

Where. So 'Aleph ('), Coptic; but A B, Vulgate, Syriac, 'where also.'

The beast and the false prophet are - (Revelation 19:20.)

Day and night - without intermission (Revelation 22:5), such as now night interposes between day and day. The same phrase is used of the eternal state of the blessed (Revelation 4:8). As the bliss is eternal, so the woe must be, As the beast and the false prophet led the former conspiracy against Christ and His people, so Satan in person heads the last. Satan shall be permitted to enter this paradise regained, to show the security of believers, unlike the first Adam, whom Satan robbed of paradise; and shall, like Pharaoh at the Red Sea, receive in this last attempt his final doom,

Forever and ever - `to the ages of the ages.'

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-20.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(10) And the devil that deceived them . . .—Better, And the devil that deceiveth them, or was deceiving them, was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where are also the wild beasts and the false prophet; and they shall be tormented by day and by night unto the ages of the ages. The devil cast from heaven (Revelation 12:9), bound in the abyss (Revelation 20:3), is now flung into the flaming lake. There they (i.e., the devil, the wild beast, and the false prophet) are tormented unto the ages of ages. (Comp. Revelation 14:10-11; and Note on Revelation 19:20.)

THE JUDGMENT OF THE WORLD.—The three enemies have been overthrown and driven forth from the earth which they have sought to destroy (Revelation 11:18). The judgment of human beings must follow.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/revelation-20.html. 1905.

Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation

The defeat of the emperor-worship was described in verse ten with metaphors of torment and endless punishment. The three great enemies of the church had been vanquished. The devil who had employed the forces of heathenism to deceive the people and destroy the church, together with the beast and false prophet of chapter 19:20, was cast into the region of oblivion and eternal torment. The meaning of the vision, simply stated, is that the combined effort of the imperial persecutors and of the heathen powers to stop the advance of the church resulted in colossal failure.

There is no rule of exegesis or of interpretation that could warrant a literal application of the wide sweep of this symbolic language. It was the figurative description of the end and doom of the rulers who oppressed the church of Christ; and it signified that they should nevermore exist to humiliate the Lord's church, the Lamb's Bride.

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Wallace, Foy E. "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". "Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/foy/revelation-20.html. 1966.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.
the devil
2,3,8
the lake
14,15; 19:20
tormented
14:10; Matthew 25:41,46
Reciprocal: Genesis 3:15 - it shall;  Deuteronomy 33:7 - and be thou;  Deuteronomy 33:27 - thrust;  1 Kings 18:40 - slew them there;  1 Kings 22:22 - a lying spirit;  2 Kings 10:11 - his priests;  Isaiah 1:31 - and they;  Isaiah 33:14 - everlasting;  Isaiah 64:9 - remember;  Daniel 7:11 - even;  Daniel 7:26 - GeneralMatthew 10:28 - able;  Matthew 13:42 - cast;  Mark 4:15 - Satan;  Mark 9:44 - the fire;  Luke 8:28 - I beseech;  Luke 16:23 - being;  Luke 16:26 - they pass;  John 8:44 - When;  John 11:25 - I am;  John 16:11 - the;  1 Corinthians 15:28 - all things;  Ephesians 1:21 - in that;  Philippians 3:19 - end;  Colossians 2:15 - having;  2 Thessalonians 1:8 - flaming;  2 Thessalonians 2:8 - whom;  2 Thessalonians 2:9 - is;  1 Timothy 4:1 - seducing;  Hebrews 6:2 - eternal;  James 2:19 - the;  1 Peter 5:8 - the devil;  2 Peter 2:4 - but;  1 John 3:8 - this purpose;  Revelation 7:15 - serve;  Revelation 9:1 - the bottomless;  Revelation 12:9 - deceiveth;  Revelation 13:14 - deceiveth;  Revelation 14:11 - for;  Revelation 16:13 - the false;  Revelation 17:8 - go;  Revelation 22:18 - God

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-20.html.

Walter Scott's Commentary on Revelation

SATAN CAST INTO THE LAKE OF FIRE.

Revelation 20:10. — What of the proud boast of the perfectibility of human nature in light of the closing scene in the drama of history! For the first time in the history of the race (from Genesis 3:1-24 to Revelation 20:1-15) we have an earth without a sinner upon its surface. Satan has now to be dealt with. He is allowed to see the end of all his heartless machinations.He is foiled and defeated. His doom was fixed seven thousand years before its execution (Genesis 3:15). His headis bruised by the woman's seed. There yet remains the one final act of everlasting judgment. "And the devil who deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where (are) both the Beast and the False Prophet, and they shall be tormented day and night for the ages of ages."

The dragon was first cast out of Heaven, then shut up in the abyss, now cast into the lake of fire. As the dragon he is shut up, as Satan he is loosed, and as the devil he is cast into the lake of fire.{*For the signification of these titles see remarks on Revelation 12:8.} In this last war the dragon is not named. Satan, signifying adversary, is the open and declared enemy and adversary of God, of Christ, of the saints, of Israel, and in that character he stands out apart from human agents as the leader of the hosts who gather against the camp and city. But as the devil, the deceiver and tempter of men, he is cast into everlasting torment.

It is observable, too, that in the narrative the Seer changes his standpoint. In verse 7 he looks on to the end of the thousand years, whereas in verse 9 he adopts the historical tense. In the former he is the prophet; in the latter he is the historian. Need we add that the whole vision is yet future. We refer to the different points of view as John beheld them and narrates them.

10. — "Cast into the lake of fire and brimstone." A lake supposes solid land on either side. "Fire and brimstone" are figures of inexpressible torment (see Revelation 14:10; Isaiah 30:33).

10. — "The Beast and the False Prophet" are already there. They were consigned to their most awful doom at the commencement of the millennial reign, and they are found in it at its close. What a pertinent and striking illustration of the Lord's words in Mark 9:49, "Every one shall be salted with fire." Salt is preservative. Here are two men who have been salted with fire, not consumed, but preserved in torment by torment, and that for a thousand years. We do not contend for actual literal flames, for the devil is a spirit (see also Luke 16:23-24). Fire consumesnatural objects. But we do most strongly insist upon that which the figures are meant to teach, "outer darkness," "wailing and gnashing of teeth," "a never dying worm and quenchless fire," "fire and brimstone," etc. The truth is that in the lake of fire mental agony and corporeal suffering are united and endured in degree proportioned to the guilt of those who have sinned. The punishment is in exact measure to the sin, but all is everlasting or eternal.

10. — "They shall be tormented day and night for the ages of ages." The plural pronoun refers to the devil, the Beast, and the False Prophet. "Day and night" shows that the torment is without intermission, unceasing. "For the ages of ages" signifies here and in Revelation 14:11 eternityin its full and proper meaning — never-ending existence.

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Scott, Walter. "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". "Walter Scott's Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sor/revelation-20.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

Devil that deceived them refers to the vast hordes who comprised the army of Satan. This verse says nothing about the fate of the deceived ones; that will be shown later.This is the lake of fire and brimstone that is mentioned in Revelation 21:8.Tormented day and night is figurative as to the parts of the time for there will be no recurrence of day and night literally. The expression is used to give emphasis to the literal part of the sentence, namely, for ever and ever. In other words there will be no "breathing spell" or even brief intermission for the sake of relief; it will be continuous and endless.

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Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/revelation-20.html. 1952.

Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms

Revelation 20:10. And the devil, who deceived them, was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where also[Note: The also is wanting in the text, which Luther followed.] are the beast and the false prophet, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever. The everlasting fire, is, according to the word of our Lord in Matthew 25:41, prepared first of all for Satan and his angels. The cursed from among men are to be sent there as companions to them.

We have here the third and last station of Satan. In ch. Revelation 12:9, he is cast down from heaven on the earth; in ch. Revelation 20:3, into the abyss, hell; here, at last, into the lake of fire and brimstone, the deeper hell (comp. at ch. Revelation 19:20). On the words, "they shall be tormented," etc., see at ch. Revelation 14:11.

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Hengstenberg, Ernst. "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/revelation-20.html.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

10.Beast and false prophet—Of this antichristic triad two are allegorical persons, and the third only a literal. It might seem that their fate must be literal cessation of existence, and no consciousness of torment. The for ever and ever, literally taken, can only signify that for them there should never be reversal of their doom. Yet, as figurative persons, they are figuratively held to suffer, as truly as to be slain, in the last chapter; and so their doom is ideally held to be eternal.

Day and night—Figuratively representing ceaselessness, even after day and night have forever ceased.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Revelation 20:10". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/revelation-20.html. 1874-1909.