Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Revelation 7:11

And all the angels were standing around the throne and around the elders and the four living creatures; and they fell on their faces before the throne and worshiped God,
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Angel (a Spirit);   Animals;   Elder;   Jesus Continued;   Praise;   Righteous;   Thankfulness;   Throne;   Thompson Chain Reference - Angels;   Gratitude-Ingratitude;   Heavenly;   Praise;   Worship;   Worshippers;   The Topic Concordance - Following;   Hunger;   Service;   Thirst;   Tribulation;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Angels;   Excellency and Glory of Christ, the;   Thanksgiving;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Angels;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Order;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Feasts;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Revelation, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Revelation, Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Angels;   Angels (2);   Heaven;   Israel;   Tribes ;   Type;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Elders;   Lamb;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Gold;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Adoration;   Creature, Living;   Immortal;   Revelation of John:;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

All the angels, etc. - As there is joy in the presence of God among these holy spirits when one sinner repents, no wonder that they take such an interest in the gathering together of such innumerable multitudes who are fully saved from their sins.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Revelation 7:11". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/revelation-7.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And all the angels stood round about the throne - notes on Revelation 5:11.

And about the elders - notes on Revelation 4:4.

And the four beasts - notes on Revelation 4:6. The meaning is, that the angels stood in the outer circle, or outside of the elders and the four living creatures. The redeemed, it is manifest, occupied the inner circle, and were near the throne, though their precise location is not mentioned. The angels sympathize with the church redeemed and triumphant, as they did with the church in its conflicts and trials, and they now appropriately unite with that church in adoring and praising God. They see in that redemption new displays of the character of God, and they rejoice that that church is rescued from its troubles, and is now brought triumphant to heaven.

And fell before the throne on their faces - The usual position of profound adoration, Revelation 4:10; Revelation 5:8.

And worshipped God - notes on Revelation 5:11-12.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Revelation 7:11". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/revelation-7.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

And all the angels were standing round about the throne, and about the elders and the four living creatures; and they fell down before the throne on their faces, and worshipped God,

All the angels ... round about the throne ... All things in heaven and upon earth shall at last join in the hymn of universal praise to God in Christ, summing up all things in Christ, "the things in the heavens, and the things upon the earth" (Ephesians 1:10).

Elders and the four living creatures ... What is said above regarding the angels applies equally to these beings also.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Revelation 7:11". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/revelation-7.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And all the angels stood round about the throne,.... The holy and elect angels, even all of them, the ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands, the innumerable company of them, who are represented in the same position; See Gill on Revelation 5:11;

and about the elders, and the four beasts; the churches and ministers; yea, round about the great multitude before mentioned, the camp of the saints, and the beloved city; whose guardians they will be, and to whom they will always be ministering spirits.

And fell before the throne on their faces: in token of submission and reverence:

and worshipped God; by celebrating the perfections of his nature, and ascribing to him the glory of all his works.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Revelation 7:11". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/revelation-7.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

The angels, as in Revelation 5:11, in their turn take up the anthem of praise. There it was “many angels,” here it is “all the angels.”

stood — “were standing” [Alford].

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 7:11". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/revelation-7.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Were standing (ιστηκεισανhistēkeisan). Past perfect active of ιστημιhistēmi intransitive and used like an imperfect as in John 19:25.

Round about (κυκλωιkuklōi). Preposition (in a circle) with genitive as in Revelation 4:6; Revelation 5:11. The angels here rejoice in the salvation of men (Luke 15:7, Luke 15:10; 1 Peter 1:12).

Upon their faces (επι τα προσωπα αυτωνepi ta prosōpa autōn). In reverential worship of God as in Revelation 11:16. For this worship (fell and worshipped) see also Revelation 4:10; Revelation 5:14; Revelation 11:16; Revelation 19:4, Revelation 19:10; Revelation 22:8. The dative τωι τεωιtōi theōi (God) with προσκυνεωproskuneō (to worship) is the usual construction for that meaning. When it means merely to do homage the accusative case is usual in this book (Charles). But in the Fourth Gospel the reverse order is true as to the cases with προσκυνεωproskuneō (Abbott, Joh. Vocab. pp. 138-142).

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 7:11". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/revelation-7.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Stood ( ἑστήκεσαν )

Rev., more correctly, were standing. The tense is the pluperfect, used in this verb as an imperfect.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 7:11". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/revelation-7.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And all the angels stood round about the throne, and about the elders and the four beasts, and fell before the throne on their faces, and worshipped God,

And all the angels stood — In waiting.

Round about the throne, and the elders and the four living creatures — That is, the living creatures, next the throne; the elders, round these; and the angels, round them both.

And they fell on their faces — So do the elders, once only, Revelation 11:16. The heavenly ceremonial has its fixed order and measure.

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Revelation 7:11". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/revelation-7.html. 1765.

Scofield's Reference Notes

angels (See Scofield "Hebrews 1:4").

beasts living creatures. (See Scofield "Ezekiel 1:5").

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Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Revelation 7:11". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/revelation-7.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

11 And all the angels stood round about the throne, and about the elders and the four beasts, and fell before the throne on their faces, and worshipped God,

Ver. 11. And all the angels] {See Trapp on "Revelation 5:11"}

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Revelation 7:11". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/revelation-7.html. 1865-1868.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Revelation 7:11. πάντες, all) This word is not yet found in ch. Revelation 5:11 [where mention is made of “many angels,” not “all”].—V. g.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Revelation 7:11". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/revelation-7.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

And all the angels stood round about the throne; the good angels, who always in heaven behold the face of their and our heavenly Father.

And about the elders; and about the twenty-four elders, mentioned Revelation 4:4.

And the four beasts; and the living creatures, mentioned Revelation 4:6.

And fell before the throne on their faces; the angels, elders, and living creatures, all fall down on their faces, in a reverential sense of the infinite distance between them and their Creator.

And worshipped God; thus paying an homage to God fitted to their glorified state, in consideration of his excellency.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Revelation 7:11". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/revelation-7.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

и старцев См. пояснение к 4:4.

Четырех животных См. пояснение к 4:6.

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Revelation 7:11". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/revelation-7.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Worshipped God; in view of the wondrous manifestation of himself in the salvation of his people.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Revelation 7:11". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/revelation-7.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

‘And all the angels were standing round about the throne, and round the elders and the four living creatures, and they fell before the throne on their faces, and worshipped God saying, “Amen. Blessing, and glory, and wisdom, and thanksgiving, and honour, and power and might be to our God for ever and ever. Amen”.’

This sevenfold praise by the angels is parallel to that in the earlier chapter (Revelation 5:12) except that ‘riches’ have been replaced by ‘thanksgiving’, and the order of the words has changed. In Revelation 5:12 the praise was offered to the Lamb. The ‘riches’ there were what He had bought through His cross, ‘the riches of the glory of His inheritance in the saints’ (Ephesians 1:18), ‘the exceeding riches of His grace’ (Ephesians 2:7). This is therefore changed here to thanksgiving to the One Who has bestowed these riches on Him now that the inheritance is realised.

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Revelation 7:11". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/revelation-7.html. 2013.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

Other angels, beside the four living beasts and the24elders, gathered around the throne. The angelic host assembled joined these Tribulation saints in prostrating themselves before God in worship (cf. Luke 15:8-10).

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 7:11". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/revelation-7.html. 2012.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

stood = were standing.

worshipped. App-137.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Revelation 7:11". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/revelation-7.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And all the angels stood round about the throne, and about the elders and the four beasts, and fell before the throne on their faces, and worshipped God,

The angels, as in Revelation 5:11, take up the anthem. There it was "many angels;" here, "all the angels"

Stood - `were standing.'

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 7:11". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-7.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(11) And all the angels . . .—Translate, And all the angels were standing round the throne, and the elders, and the four living beings . . . saying, Amen. The great concourse of angels—those among whom there has been joy in heaven when a sinner has repented—now add their “Amen” to the cry of the redeemed, and then raise the seven-fold ascription of praise—

“Amen!

The blessing, and the glory, and the wisdom,

And the thanksgiving,

And the honour, and the power, and the strength,

(Is) unto our God Unto the ages of the ages.

Amen!”

The seven-fold form of the doxology, which implies a divine completeness, is appropriate to this vision, which shows us the close of the Church’s agony, and is in itself a slight indication that the view which would limit the seals to some short period of Church history is incorrect, as it is assuredly inadequate.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Revelation 7:11". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/revelation-7.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And all the angels stood round about the throne, and about the elders and the four beasts, and fell before the throne on their faces, and worshipped God,
all
4:6; 5:11-13; 19:4-6; Psalms 103:20,21; 148:1,2
and fell
11:16
and worshipped
4:10; 15:4; 19:4; 22:9; Psalms 45:11; 97:7; Matthew 4:10; John 5:23; Hebrews 1:6
Reciprocal: Leviticus 9:24 - they shouted;  Numbers 14:5 - GeneralNehemiah 8:6 - with their faces;  Psalm 69:34 - Let;  Isaiah 6:2 - stood;  1 Corinthians 4:9 - and to men;  2 Thessalonians 1:10 - to be glorified;  Revelation 4:4 - four and twenty;  Revelation 4:9 - when;  Revelation 15:3 - and the song;  Revelation 22:1 - proceeding

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 7:11". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-7.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

The angels stood round about the throne and in the presence of the elders and the four living creatures as a mark of respect. But when they performed their homage of wor-ship it was before the throne unto God.

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Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Revelation 7:11". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/revelation-7.html. 1952.

Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation

Revelation 7:11

Revelation 7:11 And all the angels stood round about the throne, and about the elders and the four beasts, and fell before the throne on their faces, and worshipped God

The holy

angels stand round about the throne;

that Isaiah, the church of God; {see Revelation 5:11; Jeremiah 17:12} The twenty four elders sate round about the throne; {see Revelation 4:4; Revelation 4:10} but here

all the angels stand round about the throne;

which signifies, first their readiness to serve God, fulfilling his will. And secondly, their privilege to be present in the church, where God is worshipped, { 1 Corinthians 11:10; 1 Peter 1:12} which things the Angels desire to look into. Thirdly, their ministration unto the church and saints of God, { Hebrews 1:14} especially for their preservation. And fell before the throne on their faces, and worshipped God. As the Seraphims are said to cover their faces, { Isaiah 6:1-3; Isaiah 6:10} because of the holiness and the glory of the Lord on his throne, in his holy temple: and as being ashamed to lift up their faces to heaven (as Ezra was; Ezra 9:5-6). The holy angels are spirits, and have not flesh and bones as the man Christ Jesus had, {Luke 24:39} or have the angel hands, or faces, or feet, as men have; but this, and other like things, are mystically and metaphorically spoken of the holy angels of God, to signify their sensible apprehension of the holiness and glorious majesty of JEHOVAH.

And they worshipped God;

that Isaiah, the holy angels joined with the holy saints in the worship of God in their kind.

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Knollys, Hanserd. "Commentary on Revelation 7:11". "Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hkc/revelation-7.html.

Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms

Revelation 7:11. And all the angels stood round about the throne, and about the elders, and the four beasts, and fell down before the throne on their face, and worshipped God, Revelation 7:12. Saying, Amen, the blessing, and the glory, and the wisdom, and the thanksgiving, and the honour, and the power, and the strength, be to our God for ever and ever, Amen!

The angels are our patterns in the adoration of God, whose glory is presented to our apprehension through their songs of praise, comp. Psalms 29:1-2; Psalms 89:6-7; Psalms 89:6-7; Psalms 103:20. But the glory of God has most singularly manifested itself in the leading of his church through the wilderness of the world to the heavenly Canaan and Zion, so that the angels could not remain unconcerned in the matter. They would otherwise have been untrue to their high calling and their delightful obligation. Their voice was heard at the birth of Christ, comp. Luke 2:13-14, "And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying, Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men." So now they could not be silent, when the holy work, which had its unpromising commencement in the birth of Christ, has reached its close. There is joy before the angels of God over one sinner that repents (Luke 15:10). If they rejoice over the glory of God, which manifests itself in the conversion of a single sinner, how can they refrain from testifying their joy at the manifestation of God's glory in the final safety and well-being of his whole church? The worship is not addressed to God in centradistinction to Christ, but to God in Christ (the Lamb, according to Revelation 7:17, is in the midst of the throne.) But that Christ is not expressly named, is to be explained on the ground, that essentially the same doxology had already been uttered in respect to him, in ch. Revelation 5:12. The connection between the two passages is marked by the two last words there being intentionally made the first here. Intentionally also are the same words repeated here, with a slight alteration (thanksgiving here instead of riches there), enough as a mark of independence.[Note: Bengel remarks: "But why is it said here, that all the angels worshipped God, and not also the Lamb, since it is admitted elsewhere, that all the angels of God worship also the Son? The answer is, that the angels are in an especial manner under God's oversight and dominion, as the faithful, in the New Testament, stand peculiarly under the Lamb." But this explanation of the fact is immediately dispersed by ch. 5:12.]The first Amen expressed an accord to the praise of the redeemed, and so marks the sphere in which the glory of the Lord has unfolded itself. The omission of the second Amen in several critical helps is to be explained from this signification of the first Amen not being understood. It is the less to be regarded, as in some copies even the first Amen has been omitted on the same account.

In the encomiums the seven are better divided into the three and four (as also in Revelation 6:15, Isaiah 11:2), than into the four and three. For, by the first division, the thanksgiving appears at the head of the second group, and serves, like the blessing in the first, as an explanation of the following epithets—shows, that God must receive the honour, etc., in the commendation given of them. On the other hand, in ch. Revelation 5:12, the seven is divided by the four and the three: power and riches, wisdom and strength, honour and glory, blessing. The reverse order was naturally to have been expected, as the beginning here connects itself with the end there. Power and riches then stand together, as riches and strength in ch. Revelation 6:15, wisdom and strength, as counsel and strength in Isaiah 11:2. The twin pair, honour and glory, remain together. Finally, in that case blessing stands alone, and the internal is also externally represented.

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Hengstenberg, Ernst. "Commentary on Revelation 7:11". Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/revelation-7.html.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

c. Surrounding circle of ANGELS; with song, Revelation 7:11-12.

11.All the angels—Of Revelation 5:11.

Stood—Literally, Greek pluperfect, had stood; had been standing all the time while the seer was contemplating the great multitude, so that as he awakes from that reverie this angel throng break on his view as a sort of sublime surprise. The theophanic court is filled with the multitude, and then in larger circle the angel band surrounds the whole. It must have been with a very keen, intuitive eye that our seer could recognise the enfoldings of so many visions.

On their faces—It was no decorous bow, no solemn kneel, but a total prostration, with their foreheads touching the celestial ground.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Revelation 7:11". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/revelation-7.html. 1874-1909.