Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Revelation 7:15

For this reason, they are before the throne of God; and they serve Him day and night in His temple; and He who sits on the throne will spread His tabernacle over them.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Afflictions and Adversities;   Angel (a Spirit);   Heaven;   Jesus, the Christ;   Jesus Continued;   Persecution;   Reward;   Righteous;   Throne;   Thompson Chain Reference - Abundant Salvation;   Future, the;   Salvation;   Saved, the;   The Topic Concordance - Following;   Hunger;   Service;   Thirst;   Tribulation;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Affliction, Consolation under;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Mourning;   Temple;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Consolation;   Day;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Order;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Feasts;   Frankincense;   Joseph;   Thousand Years;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Revelation, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Hope;   Joy;   Revelation, Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Atonement (2);   Comfort;   Enoch Book of;   Heaven;   Israel;   Lazarus;   Minister Ministry;   Tribes ;   Type;   Walk (2);   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Lamb;   13 To Worship, Serve;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Immortal;   Revelation of John:;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Therefore - Because they are washed in the blood of the Lamb, are they before the throne - admitted to the immediate presence, of God.

And serve him day and night - Without ceasing; being filled with the spirit of prayer, faith, love, and obedience.

Shall dwell among them - He lives in his own Church, and in the heart of every true believer.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/revelation-7.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Therefore are they before the throne of God - The reason why they are there is to be traced to the fact that the Lamb shed his blood to make expiation for sin. No other reason can be given why anyone of the human race is in heaven; and that is reason enough why any of that race are there.

And serve him day and night in his temple - That is, continually or constantly. Day and night constitute the whole of time, and this expression, therefore, denotes constant and uninterrupted service. On earth, toil is suspended by the return of night, and the service of God is intermitted by the necessity of rest; in heaven, as there will be no weariness, there will be no need of intermission, and the service of God, varied doubtless to meet the state of the mind, will be continued forever. The phrase, “to serve him in his temple,” refers undoubtedly to heaven, regarded as the temple or holy dwelling-place of God. See the notes on Revelation 1:6.

And he that sitteth on the throne - God. See the notes at Revelation 4:2.

Shall dwell among them - σκηνώσει skēnōseiThis word properly means, “to tent, to pitch a tent”; and, in the New Testament, to dwell as in tents. The meaning here is, that God would dwell among them as in a tent, or would have his abode with them. Perhaps the allusion is to the tabernacle in the wilderness. That was regarded as the special dwelling-place of God, and that always occupied a central place among the tribes of Israel. So in heaven there will be the consciousness always that God dwells there among his people, and that the redeemed are gathered around him in his own house. Prof. Stuart renders this, it seems to me, with less beauty and propriety, “will spread his tent over them,” as meaning that he would receive them into intimate connection and union with him, and offer them his protection. Compare Revelation 21:3.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/revelation-7.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

Therefore are they before the throne of God; and they serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall spread his tabernacle over them.

Suffering Christians who overcome the sorrows and tribulations of life will ultimately be with God, in his very presence, and shall participate in the joys of heaven forever. "Only the blood-washed throng can stand before the throne of God and enjoy his presence forever."[59]

Spread his tabernacle over them ... This is a reference to the special love and care which God spreads like a mantle over his beloved children. This great love and protection is not withheld until we reach heaven, but it belongs to God's people now, and is instantly available for all who truly seek to know God and to follow him "in Christ."

ENDNOTE:

[59] Ralph Earle, Beacon Bible Commentary, Vol. 10 (Kansas City: Beacon Hill Press, 1967), p. 550.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/revelation-7.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Therefore are they before the throne of God,.... See Gill on Revelation 7:9; not because of their great tribulations, but because they were brought through them, and out of them, by the grace and power of God; nor because of their robes, or conversation garments, but because those were washed and made white in the blood of the Lamb; or because of the blood of the Lamb, and their justification, pardon, and cleansing by it:

and serve him day and night in his temple; not in any material temple, but in the new Jerusalem, the general assembly and church of the firstborn, the temple of the living God; for in this state there will be no material temple, or place of worship, but God and the Lamb will be the temple thereof, Revelation 21:22; nor will there be any night there, Revelation 22:5; wherefore this phrase, day and night, only denotes the constancy and uninterruption of their service, there being nothing to obstruct them in it, or break them off from it, as now; in allusion to the priests and Levites, who were, one or other of them, night or day in the service of the temple: and the service of these persons in the new Jerusalem state will not lie in attending on the word and ordinances, or in the ministration of them, as in the present state; but in praising God, singing Hallelujahs to him, adoring the perfections of his nature, and admiring his wonderful works of providence and grace, and ascribing the glory of salvation to him, and to the Lamb; and this their service will be the glorious liberty of the children of God. Hence the Ethiopic version renders it, "and they praise him day and night"; this will be the employment of the saints in the millennium state, and to all eternity:

and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them; or "tabernacle over them"; for the tabernacle of God shall be now among men, and he will dwell among the saints; they shall enjoy his presence, and have the most intimate communion with him; it will appear most manifest that he is their covenant God, and they are his covenant people; and he will be a tabernacle, not only of inhabitation, but of protection for them; and the name of this city, this new Jerusalem, will be "Jehovah Shammah", the Lord is there.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/revelation-7.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him d day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell e among them.

(d) He alludes to the Levites, who served day and night, for there is no night in heaven.

(e) Or, upon them, referring to God's defence and protection of those who are as safe, as men in the Lord's tents.

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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/revelation-7.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Therefore — because they are so washed white; for without it they could never have entered God‘s holy heaven; Revelation 22:14, “Blessed are those who wash their robes (the oldest manuscripts reading), that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city”; Revelation 21:27; Ephesians 5:26, Ephesians 5:27.

beforeGreek, “in the presence of.” Matthew 5:8; 1 Corinthians 13:12, “face to face.”

throne  …  temple — These are connected because we can approach the heavenly King only through priestly mediation; therefore, Christ is at once King and Priest on His throne.

day and night — that is, perpetually; as those approved of as priests by the Sanhedrim were clothed in white, and kept by turns a perpetual watch in the temple at Jerusalem; compare as to the singers, 1 Chronicles 9:33, “day and night”; Psalm 134:1. Strictly “there is no night” in the heavenly sanctuary (Revelation 22:5).

in his temple — in what is the heavenly analogue to His temple on earth, for strictly there is “no temple therein” (Revelation 21:22), “God and the Lamb are the temple” filling the whole, so that there is no distinction of sacred and secular places; the city is the temple, and the temple the city. Compare Revelation 4:8, “the four living creatures rest not day and night, saying, Holy,” etc.

shall dwell among them — rather (Greek, “{scenosei ep' autous}”), “shall be the tabernacle over them” (compare Revelation 21:3; Leviticus 26:11, especially Isaiah 4:5, Isaiah 4:6; Isaiah 8:14; Isaiah 25:4; Ezekiel 37:27). His dwelling among them is to be understood as a secondary truth, besides what is expressed, namely, His being their covert. When once He tabernacled among us as the Word made flesh, He was in great lowliness; then He shall be in great glory.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/revelation-7.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Therefore (δια τουτοdia touto). Because of the washing described in Revelation 7:14.

They serve him (λατρευουσιν αυτωιlatreuousin autōi). Dative case with λατρευωlatreuō (present active indicative, old verb, originally to serve for hire λατρονlatron then service in general, then religious service to God, Matthew 4:10, then in particular ritual worship of the priests, Hebrews 8:5). All the redeemed are priests (Revelation 16:5, Revelation 16:10) in the heavenly temple (Revelation 6:9) as here. But this service is that of spiritual worship, not of external rites (Romans 12:1; Philippians 3:3).

Day and night (ημερας και νυκτοςhēmeras kai nuktos). Genitive of time, “by day and night,” as in Revelation 4:8 of the praise of the four living creatures.

Shall spread his tabernacle over them (σκηνωσει επ αυτουςskēnōsei ep' autous). Future (change of tense from present in λατρευουσινlatreuousin) active of σκηνοωskēnoō old verb from σκηνοςskēnos (tent, tabernacle), used in John 1:14 of the earthly life of Christ, elsewhere in N.T. only in Rev (Revelation 7:14; Revelation 12:12; Revelation 13:6; Revelation 21:3). In Revelation 12:12; Revelation 13:6 of those who dwell in tents, here of God spreading his tent “over” (επ αυτουςep' autous) the redeemed in heaven, in Revelation 21:3 of God tabernacling “with” (μετ αυτωνmet' autōn) the redeemed, in both instances a picture of sacred fellowship, and “the further idea of God‘s Presence as a protection from all fear of evil” (Swete) like the overshadowing of Israel by the Shekinah and a possible allusion also to the tents (σκηναιskēnai) of the feast of tabernacles and to the tent of meeting where God met Moses (Exodus 33:7-11).

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/revelation-7.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Therefore

Because of this washing.

Before the throne

Compare Ephesians 5:27.

Serve ( λατρεύουσιν )

See on Luke 1:74. In scripture the verb never expresses any other service but that of the true God, or of the gods of heathenism.

Temple ( ναῷ )

Or sanctuary. See on Matthew 4:5.

Dwell ( σκηνώσει )

From σκηνή atent or tabernacle. Hence better, as Rev., shall spread His tabernacle. See on John 1:14, and compare Leviticus 26:11; Isaiah 4:5, Isaiah 4:6; Ezekiel 37:27.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/revelation-7.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them.

Therefore — Because they came out of great affliction, and have washed their robes in his blood.

Are they before the throne — It seems, even nearer than the angels.

And serve him day and night — Speaking after the manner of men; that is, continually.

In his temple — Which is in heaven.

And he shall have his tent over them — Shall spread his glory over them as a covering.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/revelation-7.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

15 Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them.

Ver. 15. Therefore are they] Not for the whiteness of their robes, but because they are washed in the meritorious blood of the Lamb.

Before the throne of God] A good man is like a good angel, always standing before the face of God.

Shall dwell among them] Gr. σκηνωσει, shall pitch his tent, or shall keep the feast, of tabernacles among them, or shall hover and cover over them, as the cloud did over Israel in the wilderness; so that under his shadow they shall safely and sweetly repose themselves.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/revelation-7.html. 1865-1868.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Revelation 7:15. διὰ τοῦτο, therefore) No one is permitted to come forth into sight, unless he is clothed with a white robe.—V. g.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/revelation-7.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Therefore are they before the throne of God; not that they by their sufferings have merited heaven, but because it pleaseth God of his free grace so to reward them; therefore it was said, not only that they were such as came out of tribulation, but that they had washed their garments in the blood of the Lamb, whose blood had paid the price of their salvation.

And serve him day and night in his temple: by the temple, some understand the church in this life, but it is foreign to the true sense of the text; for John saw only their souls before the throne, their bodies were in their graves. By the temple is meant heaven, where God dwelleth, and is worshipped more gloriously and constantly than he was in the Jewish temple, or in any part of the militant church.

And he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them; as God by his gracious presence dwelt in the Jewish temple, so God by his glorious presence shall dwell amongst his glorified saints.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/revelation-7.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

в храме Его Это относится к небесному престолу Бога (см. пояснение к 11:19). Во время тысячелетия (миллениума) появится храм и на земле – особое святое место, где Бог живет в частично восстановленной, но все еще разоренной вселенной (см. Иез. 40-48). В окончательном грядущем вечном мире, где будут новые небо и земля, не будет храма; Бог Сам заполнит все и будет храмом (21:22).

обитать в них Обычно читают, что Он «раскинет Свой шатер над ними». Присутствие Бога станет для них покровом, который защитит их от всех ужасов разоренного мира и неописуемого страха, который они испытали на земле во времена скорби.

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/revelation-7.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Therefore; on account of their union by faith to Jesus Christ, and its effects in purifying their hearts and preparing them for heaven. The ground of human salvation is the atonement of Christ, and faith in him is the means of obtaining it. This is acknowledged by saints on earth and in heaven.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/revelation-7.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

‘That is why they are before the throne of God, and they serve him day and night in his Temple, and he who sits on the throne will tabernacle over them. They will hunger no more, nor thirst any more, nor will the sun strike them, or any heat. For the Lamb who is in the midst of the throne will be their shepherd, and will guide them to fountains of waters of life, and God will wipe away every tear from their eyes.’

This description would seem to confirm that we have here the resurrected people of God, for it is describing the same as happens at the end in the new heaven and the new earth (Revelation 21:3-4). They are ‘before the throne of God’, that is are welcomed into His presence. ‘They serve Him day and night in His Temple’, for they are a royal priesthood, showing forth His excellencies (1 Peter 2:9), offering worship, praise and thanksgiving to Him (Hebrews 13:15). But now there will be no dividing curtain for they will see the fullness of His glory.

He ‘will tabernacle over them’. The verb is skeno-o (as in John 1:14) and has in mind the divine Shekinah (sekinah), a post Biblical concept which referred to the radiance, glory and presence of God which dwelt among His people. It is the symbol of the divine Presence. It is mirrored in the use of the verb sakan (‘to dwell’) in His sanctuary and among His people (Exodus 25:8; Exodus 29:45-46; 1 Kings 6:13 etc. See also Ezekiel 37:27). So they will live in the glory of the divine Presence.

‘They will hunger no more, nor thirst any more, nor will the sun light on them (‘strike’ is a suggested amendment but has no manuscript backing. However, the meaning is the same) or any heat.’ These were the common problems of mankind in hot places; lack of essential foods, thirst, the burning sun, excessive heat. When the weary exiles began their journey back through the hot wildernesses with short provisions and insufficient water, God made a similar promise to them - ‘they shall not hunger or thirst, nor will the heat or sun smite them, for he has mercy on them and will lead them, he will guide them by springs of water’ - and that is the promise on which this passage is based (Isaiah 49:10). So it has especially in mind those who travel through desert regions, a picture of the Christian journey, for Christians are seen as aliens and pilgrims on the earth (1 Peter 2:11 compare Hebrews 11:9-10). Now, however, their wanderings, with all their attendant problems, are over.

‘For the Lamb who is in the midst of the throne will be their shepherd and will guide them to fountains of waters of life, and God will wipe away every tear from their eyes.’ Previously the Lion became a Lamb (Revelation 5:5), now the Lamb becomes a Shepherd. Such are the wonders of God’s ways. Thus our Shepherd is the One in the midst of the throne, the King Himself.

John elsewhere refers to Jesus as the shepherd who gave His life for the sheep in John 10:11, so the connection with the slain Lamb is appropriate. The work of the Good Shepherd in John 10 is now satisfactorily completed, and still as the Good Shepherd He will satisfy them with the water of life from abundant fountains (compare e.g. Psalms 23:2; Isaiah 41:18; Isaiah 49:10). Not only so but God will also be there to wipe away the tears from every eye. Our tribulation will not have been in vain. This thought is taken from Isaiah 25:8, where death is swallowed up for ever. It is repeated in Revelation 21:4.

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/revelation-7.html. 2013.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

These saints are in God"s presence because they have believed in Jesus Christ and have died in the first half of the Tribulation. Evidently they will have intermediate bodies until their resurrections (cf. Matthew 17:1-3; Luke 16:19-25; Revelation 6:9-11). This appears to be the condition of Christians who die before the Rapture too (cf. 2 Corinthians 5:2-3). These Tribulation saints will serve God continually in His present heavenly sanctuary. There will be no temple in the new Jerusalem ( Revelation 21:22), so what John saw here was not a vision of the new Jerusalem. God will protect them and share fellowship with them there. The elder"s description of God spreading His tabernacle over them recalls Old Testament instances of God dwelling among and protecting His people (cf. Exodus 13:21-22; Exodus 40:34-38; 2 Chronicles 7:1-3) and His promises to do so (cf. Leviticus 26:11-12; Isaiah 4:5-6; Ezekiel 37:27; Zechariah 2:10-11; Zechariah 8:3; Zechariah 8:8; cf. Revelation 13:6; Revelation 21:3).

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/revelation-7.html. 2012.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Therefore they are before the throne of God....in his temple; i.e. therefore are they now happy in heaven, where the temple was represented to be, as observed before. --- He that sitteth on the throne shall dwell, or dwelleth over them. (Witham)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/revelation-7.html. 1859.

Gary Hampton Commentary on Selected Books

While Caesar was being worshiped for a few years on earth, God is worshiped continually around his throne. The word for temple here is for the actual building housing the holy place and most holy place. In other words, it is God"s dwelling place. The promise to those who have washed out their robes in the blood is that God will dwell with them, which sounds like a later description of heaven. (Revelation 21:3)

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Hampton, Gary. "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". "Gary Hampton Commentary on Selected Books". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghc/revelation-7.html. 2014.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Therefore = For this cause, or On this account. Greek. dia touto.

serve. App-137and App-190

day and night. Hebraism for "continually".

Temple. See Revelation 3:12.

dwell. Greek. skenoo. Here; Revelation 12:12; Revelation 13:6; Revelation 21:3. See John 1:14 and compare Isaiah 4:5, Isaiah 4:6.

among = over. Greek. epi,

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/revelation-7.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them.

Therefore - because they are washed white: for without it they could never enter God's holy heaven: Revelation 22:14, 'Blessed are those who wash their robes (the true reading), that they may have right to the tree of life' (Ephesians 5:26-27; Revelation 21:27).

Before - `in the presence of.' Matthew 5:8; 1 Corinthians 13:12, "face to face."

Throne ... temple - connected, because we can approach the heavenly King only through priestly mediation; therefore Christ is at once King and Priest on His throne (Zechariah 6:13).

Day and night - i:e., perpetually: as those approved as priests by the Sanhedrim, clothed in white, kept by turns a perpetual watch in the temple at Jerusalem (cf. the singers, 1 Chronicles 9:33; Psalms 134:1). Strictly 'there is no night' there (Revelation 22:5).

In his temple - the heavenly analogue to His temple on earth; strictly there is "no temple therein" (Revelation 21:22) 'God and the Lamb are the temple' filling the whole, so that there is no distinction of sacred and secular places: the city is the temple, and the temple the city. Compare Revelation 4:8, etc.

Shall dwell among them - rather [ skeenoosei (Greek #4637) ep' (Greek #1909) autous (Greek #846)], 'shall be the tabernacle over them' (cf. Leviticus 26:11; Revelation 21:3; especially Isaiah 4:5-6; Isaiah 8:14; Isaiah 25:4; Ezekiel 37:27). His dwelling among them is a secondary truth, besides His being their covert. When once He tabernacled among us as the Word made flesh (John 1:14), He was in lowliness; then He shall be in great glory.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-7.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(15) Therefore are they before the throne . . . —Better, On this account are they before the throne of God—i.e., because they so washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. (Comp. Revelation 22:14, where a well-supported reading is, “Blessed are they that wash their robes, that they may have right to the tree of life,” &c.) They are before the throne: they are like Him, for they see Him as He is (1 John 3:2), and serve Him day and night in His temple, and He that sitteth upon the throne shall tabernacle over them. The life is not simply one of joy or safety, it is one also of service. (Comp. Revelation 22:3.) Those who were made priests to God here carry on their service in His temple; yet it is to be remembered that this can only be figurative language, for in the heavenly city there is no temple (Revelation 21:22). It serves to teach us that the servant will find his fitting work of service there as well as here. He that sitteth upon the throne shall tabernacle over them. It is worth noticing how persistently St. John keeps up the phrase, “He that sitteth upon the throne” (Revelation 4:2; Revelation 5:1; Revelation 5:7; Revelation 5:13; Revelation 7:10). Tabernacle, or dwell as in a tent: The rendering “shall dwell” among them does not do justice to this word, and at the same time obscures the allusion which the seer has in his mind. The allusion is to the Shechinah, the symbol of the Divine Presence, which rested over the mercy seat. “The idea that the Shechinah, the σκηνή; (skéné), the glory which betokened the Divine Presence in the Holy of Holies, and which was wanting to the sacred temple, would be restored once more in Messiah’s days was a cherished hope of the Jewish doctors during and after the Apostolic ages.” The expected and wished-for glory would be seen among God’s saints. God’s tabernacle shall be with them (Revelation 21:3), and with them so as to stretch over them: He will tabernacle over (or, upon) them. With this we may compare St. Paul’s expression in 2 Corinthians 12:9 (“that the power of Christ may tabernacle” —“rest” in the English version—“upon me”), where Professor Lightfoot (whose words have just been quoted) thinks that there is a similar reference to the symbol of the Divine Presence in the Holy of Holies. (Comp. Isaiah 4:5-6; Ezekiel 37:27; and John 1:14.) There seems also to be a carrying on of the imagery derived from the Feast of Tabernacles: as there were the palm branches of the harvest joy, so there will be the booth, or tabernacle, of God’s presence among them. He shall be their pavilion, their shelter. “There shall be a tabernacle for a shadow in the day-time from the heat, and for a place of refuge and for a covert from storm and from rain.”

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/revelation-7.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them.
are
4:4; 14:3-5; Hebrews 8:1; 12:2
serve
20:10; 22:5; Psalms 134:1,2
dwell
21:3,4; 22:3; Exodus 29:45; 1 Kings 6:13; 1 Chronicles 23:25; Psalms 68:16-18; Isaiah 4:5,6; John 1:14; 1 Corinthians 3:16; 2 Corinthians 6:16
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 30:8 - serve;  Psalm 16:11 - in thy;  Psalm 45:15 - With;  Psalm 84:4 - they will;  Psalm 106:3 - Blessed;  Psalm 119:44 - keep;  Psalm 121:4 - shall;  Psalm 126:6 - shall doubtless;  Psalm 145:2 - Every day;  Isaiah 6:1 - sitting;  Isaiah 35:8 - but it shall be for those;  Isaiah 60:20 - the days;  Zephaniah 3:13 - they;  Zephaniah 3:15 - is in;  Luke 2:37 - but;  Luke 18:7 - which;  Luke 20:38 - for all;  John 14:23 - make;  Acts 20:19 - Serving;  Galatians 3:11 - that;  Ephesians 3:19 - that ye;  1 Thessalonians 3:10 - Night;  Revelation 4:8 - and they;  Revelation 14:4 - which follow;  Revelation 19:5 - a voice

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-7.html.

Walter Scott's Commentary on Revelation

Revelation 7:15. — "Serve Him day and night in His temple." We have had the historical origin of this innumerable redeemed company (v. 9); victorious too, and ascribing salvation to God and to the Lamb (vv. 9, 10). Then attention is called to the fact that they emerge out of the great tribulation, while, not their sufferings, but the blood of the Lamb gives them divine fitness to appear before the throne of God. Next we have their unceasing service, they "serve Him day and night in His temple." Another proof is here furnished that these saints are on earth, not in Heaven, for, says the Seer in a subsequent vision, "I saw no temple therein." Jerusalem on earth will have its temple, one of vast proportions, in which Jews and Gentiles will worship and serve in millennial days (Ezekiel 40:1-49; Ezekiel 41:1-26; Ezekiel 42:1-20; Ezekiel 43:1-27; Ezekiel 44:1-31; Isaiah 56:5-7). They are here viewed as a vast worshipping company, priests to God.{*"They are not only as Israel in the courts, or the nations in the world; they have a priest's place in the world's temple. The millennial multitudes are worshippers — these priests. As Anna, the daughter of Phanuel, even in the temple itself they have always access to the throne." — "Synopsis of the Books of the Bible," vol. 5, p. 603, Morrish ed.}

15. — "He that sits upon the throne shall spread His tabernacle over them." The Authorised Version reads, "shall dwell among them;" a poor and utterly inadequate rendering of the divine thought here expressed. God spread His tabernacle over the tent of meeting of old, which thus became the centre and rest of the thousands of Israel. It covered them in the desert. Two millions and a half of people, the typically redeemed host of Jehovah, were sheltered from scorching suns and winter's blasts by the huge canopy which God spread over them. It was the nation's glory and defence. The marginal reference in the Authorised Version, rightly so, directs us to Isaiah 4:5-6 : "Jehovah will create over every dwelling place of Mount Zion, and over her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flame of fire by night; for over all the glory (shall be) a canopy. And there shall be a booth (or tabernacle) for a shadow in the day time from the heat, and for a refuge and for a covert from storm and from rain." In the eternal state the tabernacle of God is with men (Revelation 21:3); in millennial times God's tabernacle will be over them (Revelation 7:15, R.V.). What a sense of security the white-robed multitude will enjoy as they bask under the glorious overspread canopy, each member of the countless throng equally sheltered, equally protected! God's tabernacle spread over them, and the throne in all its strength and majesty for them!

The special millennial blessings of the redeemed Gentiles are next presented, negatively and positively, and suited exactly to the new order of things under the personal sway of Christ. In the enumeration of these earthly blessings one cannot fail to see how transcendently superior are those enjoyed by the saints in Heaven. Glory with Christ in the heavens, and blessing under Christ on the millennial earth define the difference. "They shall not hunger any more, neither shall they thirst any more, nor shall the sun at all fall on them, nor any burning heat." The reference to millennial days is undoubted (see Isaiah 49:10). In these emphatic negatives{*" ‘No more,' or ‘never,' is a mode of negation so often repeated in the Apocalypse (cp. Revelation 18:22-23) that it is somewhat peculiar to this book in respect to frequency." — "A Commentary on the Apocalypse," p. 561. — Moses Stuart.} the saved Gentile multitude is assured that the privations of life, hunger and thirst, and persecution and tribulation, sun and burning heat, shall never again be their sad lot. There shall be no recurrence of past evils.

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Scott, Walter. "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". "Walter Scott's Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sor/revelation-7.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

All of the statements in this verse are figurative, for the purified saints had lost their lives for testifying on hehalt' of the word of God. But they were being held in honored remembrance and were destined to be always "welcome callers" in the intimacies of the Father.

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Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/revelation-7.html. 1952.

Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation

Revelation 7:15

Revelation 7:15 Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them.

The throne of God;

that Isaiah, God's sanctuary { Jeremiah 17:12} his holy temple, { Ephesians 2:21-22} the church of the living God, { 1 Timothy 3:15-16} wherein these served God day and night; that Isaiah, continually. And being slain; that Isaiah, martyred and murdered in their bodies, their souls lived, and served God continually in his temple, the New Jerusalem which is above, { Galatians 4:2; Galatians 4:6} in heaven. { Revelation 21:2-3}

And he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them.

And the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them. { Revelation 7:16} That Isaiah, they shall ever have the presence of God and of Jesus Christ: and their souls shall be fed with hidden manna, promised to them that overcome; see Revelation 2:17. Read 2 Corinthians 6:16-18. The beast, and will not worship his Image, etc. { Revelation 15:3-4; Revelation 20:4}

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Knollys, Hanserd. "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". "Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hkc/revelation-7.html.

Harold Norris' Commentary on the Book of Revelation

Verse15 states that in heaven "The redeemed SERVE HIM day and night within His temple."

Song of Solomon, life in heaven is not pictured by John as one of lazy ease and idleness, but as one in which THE SERVICE WE BEGAN ON EARTH REACHES ITS HIGHEST FULFILMENT. His servants "SERVE HIM." (We have this same message in Revelation 22:3). Not one of us knows fully what heaven is like. "Eye has not seen nor ear heard, nor has it entered into the heart of Prayer of Manasseh, the things which God has prepared for those who love Him," as 1 Corinthians 2:9 states. But we will not sit around idle all day "For His servants shall SERVE HIM" states verse15.

The most miserable days we have known are those days when we had nothing to do. Time and life drags very slowly. Life is tedious when there is nothing to do. But when there is service to give time passes quickly and we are happy when we are busy doing things we want to do. "In heaven the redeemed SERVE Him day and night." I find this verse important. On earth we find that those who are always complaining and are miserable are those who are doing NOTHING. Those who are BUSY are the happy folk. On earth as in heaven true Christians find their happiness and satisfaction in serving the Lord day and night.

Is Revelation 7:15 a picture of our own churchmanship?

Can we sing

"I am happy in the service of the King I have peace and joy that nothing else can bring In the service of the King?"

John"s words in verses16,17 of the victorious saints have strengthened the faith and courage of Christians and lifted tear stained eyes with shining hope even when they have stood at the graveside of dear ones--to know that they are now sheltered in the nearer presence of God.

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Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms

Revelation 7:15. Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple, and he who sits upon the throne shall tabernacle before them. Therefore, because, as Bengel says, "they have been fitly prepared for it by the blood of the Lamb."

The delineation of the blessedness is completed in a threefold three: they are before the throne, they serve, they are tented;—they hunger not, they thirst not, they suffer no heat;—the Lamb feeds them, leads them, wipes them. The foundation for this lies in the three number of the Mosaic blessing on the chosen people, which, with those here, has reached its complete fulfilment.

Vitringa thinks that here the happy condition of the perfectly righteous on this earth is represented. But the whole position of our section is against this, which can unfold nothing that lies absolutely beyond the seventh seal; and so also is ch. Revelation 6:11, where the white garments are mentioned in regard to the intermediate state before the completion of God's kingdom—the standing before the throne of God, which belongs, according to ch. Revelation 4:2, to heaven—the serving him in his temple, which is also heavenly, ch. Revelation 11:19, Revelation 14:15; Revelation 14:17, Revelation 15:5; Revelation 15:8, Revelation 16:1; Revelation 16:17; and a comparison of the parallel passages, ch. Revelation 14:1-5, Revelation 15:2-4, Revelation 20:4-6. The affinity of our passage to those which relate to the "regeneration," Matthew 19:28, the state of blessedness to be enjoyed by the church on the renovated earth, can prove nothing, inasmuch as there exists an internal connection between the state of the perfectly righteous before, and that after the resurrection.

To remark, "that here we have a representation, 1, as to how the righteous serve God, and, 2, what God gives to them," is fitted to mislead; for even the being before the throne of God, and serving him in his temple, free from the sorrow and vexation which in many ways were experienced from the vanities of time, appears here as wonderful grace and recompense (hence the therefore), according to the hymn "Den wahren Gott zu schauen," &c. ("To behold the true God and the beautiful garniture of the heavenly world, this is real blessedness,") and 1 Corinthians 14:12. Even in this life it is not only a sacred duty, but also a precious privilege of believers to endeavour to copy after the example of Anna, who "departed not from the temple, and served God with fastings and prayers day and night." Bengel: "In the world it is held to be a great honour when a lord of the chamber, a high servant may always be about the sovereign, and can get the nearest access to him at all times; but what is this compared with the privilege of those who are before the throne of God, and wait upon him day and night?

He will tabernacle upon them is as much as: he will perform to them the part of a tent. The tent, therefore, is the Lord himself, and Psalms 31:20 corresponds, "Thou shalt hide them in the secret of thy presence from the confederacy of man; thon shalt keep them secretly in a tabernacle from the strife of tongues." The correspondence here is closer than in Psalms 28:5, where the godly are represented as hidden with the Lord in his tent. But in the other passage the Lord himself, as in the words before us, his gracious countenance directed upon the godly, is their hiding-place and tabernacle. Isaiah 4:6 is also to be compared, where it is said respecting the time of salvation, and the completion of the kingdom of God, "And there shall be a tabernacle for a shadow in the day time from the heat, and for a place of refuge, and for a covert from storm and rain." The tabernacle consists, according to our verse, in the grace of the Lord abiding with his people and protecting them—in the Shekinah. In Deuteronomy 33:27, and Psalms 90:1, God was called by Moses the dwelling-place of his people amid the troubles of life. Here also, as it appears, there is an allusion to the feast of tabernacles: in that blessed time there shall be an infinitely glorious tabernacle.

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Hengstenberg, Ernst. "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/revelation-7.html.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

15.Therefore—In the next three verses we have a brief, exquisite glimpse of a heavenly pastoral, where the redeemed are the sheep and the Lamb is the shepherd. The passage is cognate with 21 and 22, describing the final heaven of the blessed. It is, indeed, said in 21 that there is no temple, as is here mentioned; but it is said, Revelation 21:22, that the Lamb is the temple. The present passage might be congenially inserted between Revelation 22:21 and Revelation 22:22. With regard to the symbolic numbers of this passage Hengstenberg says: “The delineation of the blessedness is completed in a threefold three: they are before the throne, they serve, they are tented;—they hunger not, they thirst not, they suffer no heat;—the Lamb feeds them, leads them, wipes their tears.”

Therefore—Because of their purification through the sacrificial blood.

Before the throne of God—And not driven from his presence into the “lake of fire,” Revelation 20:15, the awful reverse of the celestial state.

Serve him’ in his temple—As Stuart well explains, they are made priests unto God, and the ordinary phraseology regarding priests, they serve day and night in the temple, is applied to them.

Shall dwell among them—Literally, Greek, shall spread tent (or tabernacle) over them. Perhaps the meaning is, shall spread himself as tent over them.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/revelation-7.html. 1874-1909.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Revelation 7:15. Ritual as well as pastoral traits from the O.T. fill out the conception of this final bliss with its favoured position ( . .). Note the singular tenderness of the oxymoron—he that sitteth on the throne (the majestic almighty God) shall overshadow them with a presence of brooding, intimate, care; followed by here (as opposed to Revelation 2:27) in its literal sense of tender shepherding on the part of Jesus. The messiah as shepherd was an ancient and familiar conception. This verse is partly adapted from Enoch 45:4–6. Unlike John 1:14, it reflects a Christian fulfilment of the Jewish anticipation (cf.Revelation 13:6, Revelation 21:3; Zechariah 2:10 f.; Sirach 24:8 f.) that the Shekinah would return in the era of final bliss.

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Revelation 7:15". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/revelation-7.html. 1897-1910.