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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Zechariah 11:10

I took my staff Favor and cut it in pieces, to break my covenant which I had made with all the peoples.

Adam Clarke Commentary

I took my staff - Beauty, and cut it asunder - And thus I showed that I determined no longer to preserve them in their free and glorious state. And thus I brake my covenant with them, which they had broken on their part already.


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Bibliography
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:10". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/zechariah-11.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And I took my staff Beauty, and cut it asunder - Not, as aforetime, did He chasten His people, retaining His relation to them: for such chastening is an austere form of love. By breaking the staff of His tender love, He signified that this relation was at an end.

That I might dissolve My covenant which I had made with all the people - Rather, “with all the peoples,” that is, with all nations. Often as it is said of Israel, that they brake the covenant of God Leviticus 26:15; Deuteronomy 31:16, Deuteronomy 31:20; Isaiah 24:5; Jeremiah 11:10; Jeremiah 31:32; Ezekiel 16:59; Ezekiel 44:7, it is spoken of God, only to deny that He would break it (Leviticus 26:44; Judges 2:1, and, strongly, Jeremiah 33:20-21), or in prayer that He would not Jeremiah 14:21. Here it is not absolutely the covenant with His whole people, which He brake; it is rather, so to speak, a covenant with the nations in favor of Israel, allowing thus much and forbidding more, with regard to His people. So God had said of the times of Christ; “In that day I will make a covenant for them with the beasts of the field and with the fowls of the heaven, and with the creeping things of the ground” (Hosea 2:18, (20, Hebrew)); and, “I will make with them a covenant of peace, and will cause the evil beasts to cease out of the land” Ezekiel 34:25; and in Job “thou shalt be in league with the stones of the field, and the beasts of‘ the field shall be at peace with thee” Job 5:23. This covenant He willed to annihilate. He would no more interpose, as He had before said, “I will not deliver from their hand” Zechariah 11:6. whoever would might do, what they would, as the Romans first, and well nigh all nations since, have inflicted on the Jews, what they willed; and Mohammedans too have requited to them their contumely to Jesus.


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Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:10". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/zechariah-11.html. 1870.

Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible

"And I cut my staff Beauty, and cut it asunder, that I might break my covenant which I had made with all the peoples."

This symbolical breaking of the staff Beauty indicated that God would terminate finally and irrevocably the covenant with Israel. "All the peoples" here probably indicates, as suggested by Higginson, that it means, "The northern and southern kingdoms, Israel in toto."[27] Of course, there is another sense in which the covenant with Abraham was designed to "bless all the families of the earth," and some think that is meant. However that covenant with Abraham was never broken, nor will it ever be broken.

We agree with Gill that after the rejection of the Messiah by Israel and God's termination of the covenant indicated here, that the termination was effective primarily and solely to the fleshly Israel. This ended forever their status as having any claim to be "God chosen people." "From this time forward, the fulfillment of the covenant and the fate of the Jew per se are two entirely separate matters."[28]

Unger's reference of "all the peoples" as an inclusion of all the people on earth does not seem to be correct. The covenant to be broken was not God's promise to bless "all the families of the earth" in the Seed (singular) of Abraham, for that covenant still stands (See Galatians 3:36ff).


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James Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.

Bibliography
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:10". "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/zechariah-11.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And I took my staff, even Beauty, and cut it asunder,.... Signifying that he dropped his pastoral care of them: the Gospel indeed, which is meant by the staff "Beauty", cannot be made void; it will have its designed effect; it is the everlasting Gospel, and will endure; its blessings, promises, doctrines, ordinances, and ministers, shall continue, till all the elect are gathered in, even unto the second coming of Christ: but then it may be removed from one place to another; it may be taken from one people, and given to another; and which is generally owing to contempt of it, unfruitfulness under it, and indifference to it; and this is the case here, it designs the taking away of the Gospel from the Jews, who despised it, and the carrying of it into the Gentile world; see Matthew 21:43,

that I might break my covenant which I had made with all the people; not the covenant of works, that was made with all mankind in Adam; that was broke, not by the Lord, but by man; and was broke before the Gospel was published; nor the covenant of grace, for this was not made with all the people, nor can it be broken; but the Mosaic economy, the Sinai covenant, called the old covenant, which gradually vanished away: it was of right abolished at the death of Christ; when the Gospel was entirely removed, it more appeared to be so; and this was thoroughly done at the destruction of the city and temple. The last clause may be rendered, "which" covenant "I have made with all the people"; the Gentiles, having promised and given orders to send the Gospel unto them, which was accordingly done.


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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855

Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:10". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/zechariah-11.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

covenant which I made with all the people — The covenant made with the whole nation is to hold good no more except to the elect remnant. This is the force of the clause, not as Maurer, and others translate. The covenant which I made with all the nations (not to hurt My elect people, Hosea 2:18). But the Hebrew is the term for the elect people ({(Ammim}), not that for the Gentile nations (Goiim). The Hebrew pluralexpresses the great numbers of the Israelite people formerly (1 Kings 4:20). The article is, in the Hebrew, all the or those peoples. His cutting asunder the staff “Beauty,” implies the setting aside of the outward symbols of the Jews distinguishing excellency above the Gentiles (see on Zechariah 11:7) as God‘s own people.


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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:10". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/zechariah-11.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And I took my staff, even Beauty, and cut it asunder, that I might break my covenant which I had made with all the people.

Even beauty — Which was the beauty and glory of them, the covenant of God, with all the blessings of it.

That I might break — Declare it null. Christ calls it his covenant, for he was the mediator of it.


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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:10". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/zechariah-11.html. 1765.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

He confirms the same truth, but a metaphor is introduced: for he says, that when he freed himself from the office of a shepherd, he broke the two rods, even Beauty and Gathering. He speaks of the first staff, because things were in a confusion in Judea, before the people were wholly cut off; for the dispersion did not immediately take place, so that there was no sort of social state among the Jews; but social order was so deranged, that it was sufficiently evident that they were not ruled by God. By degrees the purity of doctrine was corrupted, and a flood of errors crept in; superstition gained great strength. When things were in this state of confusion, the pastoral staff was broken, which is called, Beauty. This verse then contains no more than an explanation of the last: and hence also he says, That broken might be the covenant which I had made, that is, that it might be now quite evident that this people are not ruled by my hand and authority.

Some interpreters extend to the whole world what is here said of nations, and think that the same thing is meant by Zechariah as that which is said in Hosea 2:1, -that the Lord made a covenant with the beasts of the earth and the birds of heaven, that no harm should happen to his people; but the comparison is not suitable. It is then probable, that God here speaks only of the posterity of Abraham; nor is it to be wondered at that they are called nations, for even so Moses says,

“Nations from thee shall be born,” (Genesis 17:6.)

and this was done for the purpose of setting forth the greatness of God’s favor; for the ten tribes were as so many nations among whom God reigned. It seemed incredible, that from one man, not only a numerous family, but many nations should proceed. The real meaning then seems to be, that God testified that he would no longer be the leader of that people; for when order was trodden under foot, the covenant of God was made void. Why indeed was that covenant continued, and what was its design, except to keep things aright, in a fit and suitable condition? Thus in the church, God regards order, so that nothing should be done rashly, according to every man’s humor. This then was the beginning of that dispersion, which at length followed when the people had fallen off from the order which God had appointed. (141)


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Bibliography
Calvin, John. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:10". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/zechariah-11.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Zechariah 11:10 And I took my staff, [even] Beauty, and cut it asunder, that I might break my covenant which I had made with all the people.

Ver. 10. And I took my staff, even Beauty, and cut it asunder] In token that he had cast off his office of shepherd, he breaks his staff, the ensign and instrument of his office; and this in token that he had broke

his covenant which he had made with all the people] i.e. with all the tribes of Israel, which were as so many different peoples, over whom God had reigned (but now rejected), and in whom he delighted more than in all the nations of the world besides. The saints are called all things, Colossians 1:20, because they are of more worth than a world of wicked men, Hebrews 11:38. And the Jews have a saying, that those 70 souls that went with Jacob into Egypt were as much as all the 70 nations in the world. What great account God once made of them above others, see Isaiah 43:3-4, Deuteronomy 33:29. But now, behold, they are discarded and discovenanted:

I have broken my covenant,] and in Zechariah 11:11 it was broken in that day that is, in the day that they put themselves out of my precincts, I put them out of my protection. That peace that I had granted to my people, that they should be no more molested by any strange nation (which was verified from the time of the Maccabees till a little before the coming of Christ), shall now be forfeited. The glory is departed, the Beauty broken in pieces, the golden head of the picture, religion, defaced, and good order banished; all things out of order both in Church and State (for so they were at the time when Christ "came to his own, and his own received him not": he found them in Dothan, that is, in defection, as Joseph found his brethren); therefore he now disowns and disavows them as much as once he did when they had made a golden calf. "Thy people, which thou broughtest out of the land of Egypt, have corrupted themselves," saith God to Moses, Exodus 32:7, upon whom he now fathereth them, as if he had never been in covenant with them. Danaeus upon this text concludeth that the Jews are now strangers from the covenant of God; and that this is hereby confirmed, for that they are without baptism, the seal of the covenant.


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Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:10". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/zechariah-11.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

And I took my staff, even Beauty; which I gave that name to, which was the beauty and glory of them, the covenant of God with all the blessings of it, his presence with them, his love to them, and his protection of them, and his blessing on them.

That I might break my covenant; signify and declare that they had rejected God and his favour, and refused his covenant, and that now God would hold it for nulled, and not obligatory to him. This somewhat illustrates the staff Beauty, which while unbroken the covenant between God and the Jews was whole and unbroken; and it is to be noted, Christ calls it his covenant, for he was the Mediator of it, to bring us to God in duty and holy walking, and to reconcile God to us in mercy and grace, which is the most beautiful and sweetest object we can see.

Which I had made with all the people: here again

all the people, that is, the generality, in distinction to the poor and meek, the little remnant, with whom the covenant stood firm, though the body of the nation were rejected and cast off, for God nor Christ have either of them ever cast away his people whom he foreknew, Romans 11:1,2.


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Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Zechariah 11:10". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/zechariah-11.html. 1685.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

Zechariah then chopped his staff "Favor" into pieces picturing the end of the favorable pastoral care that he had provided. The covenant in view is none of the biblical covenants since God never breaks His promises. It must refer to the security that He had been providing and the restraint that He had been exercising in relation to Israel thus far.

"The term "covenant" is here used in a looser sense, not as descriptive of a formal agreement entered into by contracting parties, but to indicate that, when the peoples round about Israel did her no harm, this was due to the fact that God had put them under as strong a restraint as might be exerted upon a nation by a covenant solemnly sworn to." [Note: Leupold, p214.]


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Bibliography
Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:10". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/zechariah-11.html. 2012.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

All people. Hereupon all fell upon the Jews.


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Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:10". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/zechariah-11.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

people = peoples: i.e. here, tribes.


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Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:10". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/zechariah-11.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And I took my staff, even Beauty, and cut it asunder, that I might break my covenant which I had made with all the people.

And I took my staff, even Beauty, and cut it asunder, that I might break my covenant which I had made with all the people. The covenant made with the whole nation is to hold good no more, except to the elect remnant. This is the force of the clause, not as Maurer, etc., translate, 'that I might break my covenant which I had made with all the nations' (not to hurt my elect people, Hosea 2:18). But the Hebrew is the term for the elect people [ ha`amiym (Hebrew #5971)], not that for the Gentile nations ( gowyim (Hebrew #1471)). The Hebrew plural expresses the great numbers of the Israelite people formerly (1 Kings 4:20). So in Judges 5:14. The article is in the Hebrew, referring to Judah and Israel already spoken of, 'that I might break my covenant which I had made with all the or those peoples.' His cutting asunder the staff "Beauty" implies the setting aside of the outward symbols of the Jews' distinguishing excellency above the Gentiles (note, Zechariah 11:7), as God's own people.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:10". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/zechariah-11.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(10) The people rejected Him; therefore He broke His staff “Favour,” and so annulled the covenant He had made with the nations in behalf of His people. This was fulfilled at the close of the glorious Maccabean period, when the nation became corrupted, and as a consequence was harassed by the nations on every side. This verse is the converse of Ezekiel 34:25-28.

People.—Better, nations. (Comp. Zechariah 12:6.)


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Bibliography
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:10". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/zechariah-11.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And I took my staff, even Beauty, and cut it asunder, that I might break my covenant which I had made with all the people.
Beauty
7; Psalms 50:2; 90:17; Ezekiel 7:20-22; 24:21; Daniel 9:26; Luke 21:5,6,32; Acts 6:13,14; Romans 9:3-5
that
Numbers 14:34; 1 Samuel 2:30; Psalms 89:39; Jeremiah 14:21; 31:31,32; Ezekiel 16:59-61; Hosea 1:9; Galatians 3:16-18; Hebrews 7:17-22; 8:8-13

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:10". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/zechariah-11.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, June 6th, 2020
the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
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