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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Zechariah 11:3

There is a sound of the shepherds' wail, For their glory is ruined; There is a sound of the young lions' roar, For the pride of the Jordan is ruined.

Adam Clarke Commentary

Young lions - Princes and rulers. By shepherds, kings or priests may be intended.


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Bibliography
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:3". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/zechariah-11.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

A voice of the howling of the shepherds, for their glory is spoiled - It echoes on from Jeremiah before the captivity, “Howl, ye shepherds - A voice of the cry of the shepherds. and an howling of the principal of the flock; for the Lord hath spoiled their pasture” Jeremiah 25:34, Jeremiah 25:36. There is one chorus of desolation, the mighty and the lowly; the shepherds and the young lions; what is at other times opposed is joined in one wailing. “The pride of Jordan” are the stately oaks on its banks, which shroud it from sight, until you reach its edges, and which, after the captivity of the ten tribes, became the haunt of lions and their chief abode in Palestine, “on account of the burning heat, and the nearness of the desert, and the breadth of the vast solitude and jungles” (Jerome). See Jeremiah 49:19; Jeremiah 50:44; 2 Kings 17:25. The lion lingered there even to the close of the 12th cent. Phocas in Reland Palaest. i. 274. Cyril says in the present, “there are very many lions there, roaring horribly and striking fear into the inhabitants”).


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Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:3". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/zechariah-11.html. 1870.

The Biblical Illustrator

Zechariah 11:3

For their glory is spoiled

Bad men in high office

I.
The men here reffered to called “shepherds,” which is a designation of men in power, men who politically and ecclesiastically presided over the people, the leaders. The “shepherds” have sometimes reached their positrons irrespective of the will of the people. The “shepherds” referred to here had an ambitious character. Likened to “young lions.”

1. That a man in high office who has a bad character is of all men the most contemptible A bad character in a pauper makes him contemptible; but a bad character in a king makes him ten times the more contemptible.

2. That it is the duty of all peoples to promote those alone to high office who have a high moral character.

II. Bad men in high office greatly distressed. “There is a voice of the howling of the shepherds,” etc. “The glory of these shepherds being spoiled,” says Wardlaw, “signifies the bringing down of all their honour and power and the wealth and luxury which, by the abuse of their power, they had acquired, all becoming a prey to the sacking and pillaging besiegers. The pride of Jordan lay in its evergreens and brushwood with which its banks were enriched and adorned; and these being the covert and habitation of the young lions, the two parts of the figure are appropriate. As the lions howl and roar in dismay and fury when dislodged from their refuges and dwelling places, whether by the swelling flood sweeping over their lairs, or from the cutting down or the burning of their habitations, so should the priests and rulers of Jerusalem be alarmed and struck with desperation and rage, when they found their city, within whose walls they had counted themselves secure from the very possibility of hostile entrance, laid open to the outrage of an exasperated enemy, and all its resources given up to plunder and destruction--country as well as city thrown into confusion and desolation!” Such rulers may well be distressed--

1. Because all the keen-sighted and honest men over whom they preside despise them.

2. Because the Righteous Governor of the world has denounced them. (Homilist.)


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Bibliography
Exell, Joseph S. "Commentary on "Zechariah 11:3". The Biblical Illustrator. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/zechariah-11.html. 1905-1909. New York.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

There is a voice of the howling of the shepherds,.... Which may be understood either of the civil rulers among the Jews, who now lose their honour and their riches; and so the Targum, Jarchi, and Aben Ezra, interpret it of kings; or of the ecclesiastical rulers, the elders of the people, the Scribes and Pharisees:

for their glory is spoiled; their power and authority; their riches and wealth; their places of honour and profit; their offices, posts, and employments, whether in civil or religious matters, are taken from them, and they are deprived of them:

a voice of the roaring of young lions; of princes, comparable to them for their power, tyranny, and cruelty: the Targum is,

"their roaring is as the roaring of young lions:'

for the pride of Jordan is spoiled; a place where lions and their young ones resorted, as Jarchi observes; See Gill on Jeremiah 49:19. Jordan is here put for the whole land of Judea now wasted, and so its pride and glory gone; as if the waters of Jordan were dried up, the pride and glory of that, and which it showed when its waters swelled and overflowed; hence called by PlinyF24Nat. Hist. l. 5. c. 15. "ambitiosus amnis", a haughty and ambitious swelling river.


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Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:3". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/zechariah-11.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

[There is] a voice of the wailing of the shepherds; for their d glory is destroyed: a voice of the roaring of young lions; for the pride of Jordan is laid waste.

(d) That is, the fame of Judah and Israel would perish.

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Bibliography
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:3". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/zechariah-11.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

shepherds — the Jewish rulers.

their glorytheir wealth and magnificence; or that of the temple, “their glory” (Mark 13:1; Luke 21:5).

young lions — the princes, so described on account of their cruel rapacity.

pride of Jordan — its thickly wooded banks, the lair of “lions” (Jeremiah 12:5; Jeremiah 49:19). Image for Judea “spoiled” of the magnificence of its rulers (“the young lions”). The valley of the Jordan forms a deeper gash than any on the earth. The land at Lake Merom is on a level with the Mediterranean Sea; at the Sea of Tiberias it falls six hundred fifty feet below that level, and to double that depression at the Dead Sea, that is, in all, 1950 feet below the Mediterranean; in twenty miles‘ interval there is a fall of from three thousand to four thousand feet.


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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:3". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/zechariah-11.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

There is a voice of the howling of the shepherds; for their glory is spoiled: a voice of the roaring of young lions; for the pride of Jordan is spoiled.

Of the shepherds — The enemy having driven away their flocks and herds.

Their glory — What was their honour.

Of Jordan — The great forests on the banks of Jordan, where the young lions were wont to range.


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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:3". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/zechariah-11.html. 1765.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

He then adds, The voice of the howling of shepherds; for their excellency, or their courage, is laid waste. Here he has אדר, ader, and before אדירים, adirim, in the masculine gender. We see then that the Prophet confirms the same thing in other words, “Howl now,” he says, “shall the shepherds.” He intimates that the beginning of this dreadful judgment would be with the chief men, as they were especially the cause of the public ruin. He then says, that the dignity of the great was now approaching its fall, and hence he bids them to howl. He does not in these words exhort them to repentance, but follows the same strain of doctrine. By God’s command he here declares, that the shepherds who took pride in their power, could not escape the judgment which they had deserved: and as this is a mode of speaking usually adopted by the Prophets, I shall no longer dwell on the subject.

He afterwards adds, The voice of the roaring of lions. He no doubt gives here the name of lions, by way of metaphor, to those who cruelly exercised their power over the people. But he also alludes to the banks of Jordan, where there were lions, as it is well known. Since then lions were found along the whole course of Jordan, as it is evident from many passages, he compares shepherds to lions, even the governors who had abused their authority by exercising tyranny over the people: Fallen then has the pride or the excellency of Jordan. In short, it is now sufficiently evident, that the Prophet threatens final destruction both to the kingdom of Judah and to the kingdom of Israel. Both kingdoms were indeed then abolished; but I speak of the countries themselves. The meaning is — that neither Judea nor the land of the ten tribes would be free from God’s vengeance. (131) He afterwards adds —

1.Open, Lebanon, thy doors, That consume may the fire thy cedars:

2.Howl thou the fir-tree; For fallen is the cedar, Because the magnificent are wasted. Howl, ye oaks of Bashan; For come down is the forest, the fenced one.

3.The voice of the howling of shepherds! Because wasted is their magnificence; The voice of the roaring of lions! For wasted is the pride of Jordan.

There is a correspondence between “consume” and “wasted.” The Jewish rulers were called “shepherds” with regard to their office, and “lions” on account of their rapidity. Their “magnificence” was wasted, like that of the cedars when consumed by fire. The “pride of Jordan” were the trees growing on its borders, which afforded shelter for lions. These became wasted or destroyed, so that the lions could find there no receptacle. All these things intimate the entire destruction of the Jewish state. — Ed.


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Bibliography
Calvin, John. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:3". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/zechariah-11.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Zechariah 11:3 [There is] a voice of the howling of the shepherds; for their glory is spoiled: a voice of the roaring of young lions; for the pride of Jordan is spoiled.

Ver. 3. There is a voice of the howling of the shepherds] Potentes potenter torquebuntur. "The loftiness of man shall be bowed down, and the haughtiness of men shall be made low: and the Lord alone shall be exalted in that day," Isaiah 2:17. The shepherds were grown foolish, Zechariah 11:15, idol shepherds, Zechariah 11:17, they cared for no other instruments but forcipes et mulctram, the shears and the milk pail; they were become "greedy dogs, which could never have enough," Isaiah 56:11 (they were sick of the bulimy, or appetitus caninus a greedy dog), yea, they were so many young lions, ramping and ravening, as it is here and Ezekiel 19:2-3. Both princes and priests were turned tyrants, and instead of feeding the people in the integrity of their hearts, and guiding them with the skilfulness of their hands, Psalms 78:72, preyed upon them, and "plucked the skin from off them, and their flesh from off their bones," Micah 3:2.

For the pride of Jordan is spoiled] The swelling of Jordan dried up by the Romans, as Jerome interprets it; or, the proud and stately palaces and possessions that the great ones had gotten upon the banks of Jordan for fruitfulness and pleasance, as a Lapide; or the numerous and proud nation of the Jews likened to the yearly overflowing of Jordan, whereof see Joshua 3:15, Jeremiah 49:19, as Diodati.


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Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:3". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/zechariah-11.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Zechariah 11:3. For the pride of Jordan is spoiled Because the waters of Jordan have overflowed, so that the lions can no more rest among its reeds, and on its banks; that is, no place in Judaea is safe whither the warriors and great men may betake themselves. Houbigant. Dr. Blayney observes, that by "the pride of Jordan," those woods and thickets are primarily intended, which rise proudly above the banks of that river, and greatly decorate the scene. But here, in a secondary and metaphorical sense, they are put for the residences of those princes and grandees, who too often like lions devour and oppress the people under them. In Jeremiah 12:5 those thickets, the haunt of lions and wild beasts, consequently places of great alarm and danger, are aptly opposed to a land of peace and security.


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Bibliography
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:3". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/zechariah-11.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

There is; it is as certain as if present, as sure all these shall howl, as if the things for which they do howl were already acted.

A voice of the howling, a most bitter, loud, passionate, and dismal howling, of the shepherds: literally thus; The enemy having broken in hath driven away or eaten up their flocks of sheep, their herds; and they, undone, howl most bitterly on the mountains, where the echo more doubles the horror than the noise. Or figuratively, shepherds are governors, magistrates, and civil officers, together with priests and prophets, who are over the people as shepherds over the flocks.

For their glory is spoiled; what was their honour, their safety, their joy, is spoiled, taken from them and given to others.

A voice of the roaring, the dismal outcries, of young lions; of men in authority among the Jews, who should have been shepherds to defend, but were as lions to tear and devour, and which lurked in Jerusalem, and in the cities of Judea, wheresoever they could lie in wait to tear the poor and weak.

For the pride of Jordan is spoiled; the great forests on the banks of Jordan, called here the pride of Jordan, either because of the stately situation of them; or, because the prophet would keep the decorum of his allegory, he calls these

the pride of Jordan, for that the young lions were wont to walk proudly, to range over it without fear. So did these men-lions securely prey in Jerusalem and its fellow cities; but these are cut down, and now they must no more range through to seek a prey: so all from the north to the east of the land of Canaan is represented as made a spoil.


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Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Zechariah 11:3". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/zechariah-11.html. 1685.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

The shepherds and lions (the rulers and leaders of Israel, cf. Jeremiah 25:34-38) would wail because a coming destruction would leave no pasture for their flocks and no lairs or food for beasts.

"The pride of the Jordan is not the river itself; this expression personifies it, referring to that in which the Jordan may take pride: the topography through which it flows-its beautiful valleys and hills-hence the land itself." [Note: McComiskey, p1189.]

In view of what follows in Zechariah 11:4-14, Zechariah 11:1-3 seem to be a description of the devastation of Palestine due to the rejection of the Messiah. Another view is that it is a lament over the destruction of the nations" power and arrogance described in chapter10. This prediction had an initial fulfillment in the Roman destruction of Jerusalem and the scattering of the Jews in A.D70. Its complete fulfillment, however, lies in the future, specifically the destruction that will overtake the land and its people in the Tribulation.


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Bibliography
Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:3". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/zechariah-11.html. 2012.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Pride, or farther banks, covered with shrubs, among which lions dwelt, Jeremias l. 44. (Calmet)


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Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:3". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/zechariah-11.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

shepherds = the rulers of the State.

young lions. The rapacious nobles.


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Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:3". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/zechariah-11.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

There is a voice of the howling of the shepherds; for their glory is spoiled: a voice of the roaring of young lions; for the pride of Jordan is spoiled.

There is a voice of the howling of the shepherds - "the shepherds" are the Jewish rulers.

For their glory is spoiled - their wealth and magnificence; or that of the temple, which was regarded by the Jews as preeminently "their glory" (Mark 13:1; Luke 21:5).

A voice of the roaring of young lions. The princes are so described on account of their cruel rapacity.

For the pride of Jordan is spoiled - i:e., its thickly wooded banks, the lair of "lions" (Jeremiah 12:5; Jeremiah 49:19). Figurative language for Judea is "spoiled" of the magnificence of its rulers ("the young lions"). The valley of the Jordan forms a deeper gash than any on the earth. The land at Lake Merom is on a level with the Mediterranean Sea; at the Sea of Tiberias it falls 650 feet below that level, and to double that depression at the Dead Sea - i:e., in all, 1,950 feet below the Mediterranean: in 20 miles' interval there is a fall of from 3,000 to 4,000 feet.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:3". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/zechariah-11.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

There is a voice of the howling of the shepherds; for their glory is spoiled: a voice of the roaring of young lions; for the pride of Jordan is spoiled.
a voice
8,15-17; Jeremiah 25:34-36; Joel 1:13; Amos 8:8; Zephaniah 1:10; Matthew 15:14; Matthew 23:13-33; James 5:1-6
for their
1 Samuel 4:21,22; Isaiah 65:15; Jeremiah 7:4,11-14; 26:6; Ezekiel 24:21-25; Hosea 1:9,10; 10:5; Zephaniah 3:11; Matthew 3:7-10; 21:43-45; Acts 6:11-14; 22:21,22; Romans 11:7-12
a voice
Psalms 22:21; Jeremiah 2:30; Ezekiel 19:3-6; Zephaniah 3:3; Matthew 23:31-38; Acts 7:52
for the pride
Jeremiah 49:19; 50:44

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Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:3". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/zechariah-11.html.

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Saturday, June 6th, 2020
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