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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Zechariah 11:6

"For I will no longer have pity on the inhabitants of the land," declares the LORD; "but behold, I will cause the men to fall, each into another's power and into the power of his king; and they will strike the land, and I will not deliver them from their power."

Adam Clarke Commentary

For I will no more pity - I have determined to deliver them into the hands of the Chaldeans.


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Bibliography
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:6". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/zechariah-11.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

For I will no more pity - Therefore were they a “flock of the slaughter,” because God would “have no pity” on those who went after shepherds “who had no Pity” upon them, but corrupted them; who “entered not in themselves, and those who were entering in, they hindered” Luke 11:52.

The inhabitants of the land - “That land, of which he had been speaking,” Judaea. “And lo.” God, by this word, “lo,” always commands heed to His great doings with man; I, I, Myself, visibly interposing, “will deliver man,” the whole race of inhabitants, “every one into his neighbor‘s hand,” by confusion and strife and hatred within, “and into the hand of his king,” him whom they chose and took as their own king, when they rejected Christ as their King, repudiating the title which Pilate gave Him, to move their pity. Whereas He, their Lord and God, was their King, they formally “denied Him in the presence of Pilate, when he was determined to let Him go; they denied the Holy One and the Just” Acts 3:13-14, and said, “We have no king but Caesar” John 19:15.

And they - The king without and the wild savages within, “shall smite,” bruise, crush in pieces, like a broken vessel, “the land, and out of their hand I will not deliver” them. Their captivity shall be without remedy or end. Holy Scripture often says, “there is no deliverer Judges 18:28; 2 Samuel 14:6; Job 5:4; Psalm 7:3; Psalm 50:22; Psalm 71:11; Isaiah 5:29; Isaiah 42:22; Hosea 5:14, Micah 5:7-8, or “none can deliver out of My hand” Deuteronomy 32:39; Job 10:7; Psalm 50:22; Psalm 71:11; Isaiah 43:13; Daniel 8:4, Daniel 8:7, or, since God delighteth in doing good, I Exodus 6:6; 2 Kings 20:6; Jeremiah 15:21; Jeremiah 39:17; Ezekiel 34:27, He 1 Samuel 7:3; Psalm 18:15; Psalm 72:12; 2 Kings 17:39; Isaiah 19:20; Isaiah 31:5; Job 5:19, will deliver, or delivered Exodus 18:10; Joshua 24:10; Judges 6:9; 1 Samuel 10:18; 1 Samuel 14:10; 2 Samuel 22:1; Psalm 34:5, Psalm 34:18; 54:9; Ezra 8:31; Jeremiah 20:13 from the hands of the enemy, or their slavery, or their own fears, or afflictions, or the like. God nowhere else says absolutely as here, “I will not deliver”. “Hear, O Jew,” says Jerome, “who holdest out to thyself hopes most vain, and hearest not the Lord strongly asserting, “I will not deliver them out of their hands,” that thy captivity among the Romans shall have no end.” In the threatened captivity before they were carried to Babylon, the prophet foretold the restoration: here only it is said of Judah, as Hosea had said of lsrael, that there should be no deliverer out of the hand of the king whom they had chosen.


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Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:6". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/zechariah-11.html. 1870.

Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible

"For I will no more pity the inhabitants of the land, saith Jehovah; but, lo, I will deliver the men every one into his neighbor's hand, and into the hand of his king; and they shall smite the land, and out of their hand I will not deliver them."

This statement, identified as the Word of God Himself, reveals the internal conditions in Israel that shall precede the nation's downfall. Civil strife, disorder, and anarchy shall precede their delivery into the hands of "their king" ("his king"), that king being none other than the Roman emperor, formally accepted and proclaimed as their only king by the people themselves when they cried, "We have no other king but Caesar" (John 19:15). Josephus' has an extensive history of the strife and turmoil among the Jews prior to the fall of Jerusalem in A.D. 70. (For some of the details in that violent disorder, see my commentary on Mark, p. 274.)

"I will deliver ..." That it was indeed God Himself that delivered the city of Jerusalem up to the Romans, we have the testimony of the Roman emperor himself. After Titus concluded the siege and entered the city, he was so impressed with the strength and ingenuity of its fortifications that he said:

"We have certainly had God for our assistant in this war, and it was no other than God who ejected the Jews out of these fortifications; for what could the hands of men or any machines do toward overthrowing these towers?" At which time he had many such discourses to his friends."[17]

Every once in awhile, one finds in a critical commentary an expression of profound truth, much in the manner of Caiaphas' divine prophecy in John 11:50-52. This is one: "This verse (Zechariah 11:6) is treated as a gloss by some of the later critics, but that is because they have misunderstood the context!"[18] Amen! We might go a step further and behold here also the reason for the vast majority of the excisions, emendations, and rearrangements so freely advocated in critical circles.


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James Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.

Bibliography
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:6". "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/zechariah-11.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

For I will no more pity the inhabitants of the land, saith the Lord,.... Or spare them; but cause his wrath to come upon them to the uttermost, as it did at the time of Jerusalem's destruction by the Romans;

but, lo, I will deliver the men everyone into his neighbour's hand; this seems to refer to the factions and divisions among themselves during the siege of Jerusalem, when multitudes fell into the hands of the zealots, and heads of parties, and perished by them:

and into the hand of his king; Vespasian the Roman emperor; the Jews having declared, long before this time, that they had no king but Caesar, John 19:15 and now into his hands they were delivered up:

and they shall smite the land; that is, the Romans shall lay waste the land of Judea:

and out of their hand I will not deliver them; as formerly out of the hands of their neighbours, the Philistines, Ammonites, &c. and out of the captivity of Babylon. It denotes that their destruction would be an utter one; nor have they been delivered yet, though it has been over 1900 years ago.


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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855

Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:6". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/zechariah-11.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

For I will no more pity the inhabitants of the land, saith the LORD: but, lo, h I will deliver the men every one into his neighbour's hand, and into the hand of his i king: and they shall smite the land, and out of their hand I will not deliver [them].

(h) I will cause one to destroy another.

(i) Their governors will execute cruelty over them.


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Bibliography
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:6". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/zechariah-11.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Jehovah, in vengeance for their rejection of Messiah, gave them over to intestine feuds and Roman rule. The Zealots and other factious Jews expelled and slew one another by turns at the last invasion by Rome.

his king — Vespasian or Titus: they themselves (John 19:15) had said, unconsciously realizing Zechariah‘s words, identifying Rome‘s king with Judah‘s (“his”) king, “We have no king but Caesar.” God took them at their word, and gave them the Roman king, who “smote (literally, ‹dashed in pieces‘) their land,” breaking up their polity, when they rejected their true King who would have saved them.


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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:6". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/zechariah-11.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

For I will no more pity the inhabitants of the land, saith the LORD: but, lo, I will deliver the men every one into his neighbour's hand, and into the hand of his king: and they shall smite the land, and out of their hand I will not deliver them.

I will deliver — To rob, imprison, banish, or kill each other.

Of his king — The Roman Caesar, whom the Jews had chosen to be so.

The land — Their king and his armies shall destroy the land.


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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:6". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/zechariah-11.html. 1765.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

He then adds, And he who fed then has not spared them. The meaning is, that the people, according to the opinions commonly entertained, were not worthy of mercy and kindness. Hence, as I have said, the wonderful goodness of God shines forth more clearly; for he condescended to take the care of a flock that was wholly despised. (134) Then he says, I will not spare the inhabitants of the land; behold I will deliver, etc. To some it appears that there is here a reason given; for the Jews would have never been thus stripped, had not God been angry with them; as though he had said, that God’s vengeance was just, inasmuch as they were thus exposed to such atrocious wrongs. But according to my judgment God simply confirms what we have stated, — that his future vengeance on the Jews would be most just, because he had in feeding them so carefully labored wholly in vain. For though the Prophet has not as yet expressed what we shall hereafter see respecting their ingratitude, he yet does not break off his discourse without reason, for indignation has ever some warmth in it; he then in the middle of his argument exclaims here, I will not spare; for God had spared the Jews, when yet all men exercised cruelty towards them with impunity; and when they were contemptible in the sight of all, he still had regarded their safety. As then they had been so ungrateful for so many acts of kindness, ought not God to have been angry with them? This is then the reason why the Prophet introduces here in God’s name this threatening, Surely I will not spare them; that is, “I have hitherto deferred my vengeance, and have surpassed all men in kindness and mercy; but I have misplaced my goodness, and now there is no reason why I should longer suspend my judgment.” I will spare then no longer the inhabitants of this land

I will give, or deliver, he says, every man into the hand of his friend; as though he had said, “They are no longer sheep, for they will not bear to be ruled by my hand, though they have found me to be the best of shepherds. They shall now tear and devour one another; and thus a horrible dispersion will follow.” Now the Jews ought to have dreaded nothing so much, as to be given up to destroy themselves by mutual slaughter, and thus to rage cruelly against one another and to perish without any external enemy: but yet God declares that this would be the case, and for this reason, because he could not succeed with them, though willing to feed them as his sheep and ready to perform the office of shepherd in ruling them. (135)

He concludes by saying, They shall smite the land, and I will not deliver from their hand. He intimates in the last place that ruin without any remedy was nigh; for he alone was the only deliverer of the people; but now he testifies that their safety would not be the object of his care; for should he see them perishing a hundred times, he would not be moved with pity, nor turn to bring them help, inasmuch as they had precluded all compassion. It now follows —


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Bibliography
Calvin, John. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:6". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/zechariah-11.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Zechariah 11:6 For I will no more pity the inhabitants of the land, saith the LORD: but, lo, I will deliver the men every one into his neighbour’s hand, and into the hand of his king: and they shall smite the land, and out of their hand I will not deliver [them].

Ver. 6. For I will no more pity the inhabitants of the land] Or, surely I will no mere, &c. A fearful sentence, written in blood, and breathing out nothing but utter destruction. David knew what he did when he chose rather to fall into the hand of the Lord than of men. For his mercies are many, and it soon repents him concerning his servants; "but the tender mercies of the wicked are cruel," Proverbs 12:10. Those shepherds in the former verse were grievous wolves, Acts 20:29; what wonder therefore that they spared not the flock? But yet while God pitied them there was "hope in Israel concerning this thing," as he said, Ezra 10:2; whereas now that God’s soul is disjointed from them, and his bowels shut up, desolation must needs be at next door, by Jeremiah 6:8 "Be not thou a terror unto me, O Lord," said that prophet, Jeremiah 17:17, and then I care not though all the world frown upon me and set against me. But woe be to Loruamah, the people of God’s wrath and of his curse. I have noted before, out of Jeremiah 16:13, that God’s I will show you no favour was worse than I will cast you out of this land.

I will deliver the men] Heb. I will make them to be found, pulling them out of their starting holes and lurking places. "Evil shall hunt the violent man to destroy him," Psalms 140:11.

Every one into his neighbour’s hand] As into the hangman’s hand. This was fulfilled, especially during the siege by the seditious within the walls of Jerusalem, one man proving a wolf, nay, a devil to another.

And into the hand of his king] The Roman emperor, who disclaimed indeed the name of a king to avoid the hatred of the people, and yet exercised the full power of kings both at home and abroad. These Jews, first subdued by the Romans and reduced into a province, did afterwards rebel (though they had once, in opposition to Christ, cried out, We have no king but Caesar), and were, therefore, after five months’ siege, utterly ruined: for what with extremity of famine and what with the fury of the sword, there perished in Jerusalem, and in the province adjoining, as Eusebius affirms, about 60,000 able men to bear arms. Or, as Josephus holds, who was an eyewitness, and present in the war, there died 1,100,000, besides others taken captive, to the number of 97,000.

And I will smite the land] So that it hath lain as it were, bedridden ever since.


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Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:6". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/zechariah-11.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Zechariah 11:6. For I will no more pity, &c.— It is a remark which deserves attention, that the prophets representing two persons, the Word, or the Messiah, and themselves, in the very same discourses, will sometimes speak of themselves, and at other times in the character that they are commanded to assume; of this numberless instances might be given: from the beginning of this verse, till the prophet takes his staff, he represents, and speaks in the person of, the Messiah, whose conduct is here figuratively described. Into his neighbour's hand, refers to the civil wars, and his king to the Roman emperor. These things happened together in the last siege of Jerusalem, when the Jews mutually destroyed and murdered each other, while the Romans besieged their city. See Sharpe's Second Argument, p. 351 and Houbigant.


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Bibliography
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:6". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/zechariah-11.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

For I will no more pity: their great sins have turned away God’s compassions from them, and men show no mercy where God withdraws his.

The inhabitants; the generality of the nation, the body of this sinful people.

I will deliver the men every one into his neighbour’s hand; leave to a turbulent, cruel, seditious, and fraudulent temper one against another, to make parties against each other, to rob, imprison, banish, or kill each other, as in the latter times of their state it is known they did.

Into the hand of his king; the Roman Caesar, called here the Jews’ king, for that they had chosen him to be so. Or else the head of the faction.

They shall smite the land; their king and his armies shall destroy the land: it may point to Vespasian and Titus, who sacked Jerusalem, burnt the temple, captivated ninety-seven thousand persons, and slew six hundred thousand at least, though Josephus reckons eleven hundred thousand.

Out of their hand I will not deliver them; they shall never more be by my hand delivered, or I will cast them off for ever; and so their captivity under the Romans continueth to this day.


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Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Zechariah 11:6". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/zechariah-11.html. 1685.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

The Lord"s displeasure was the real reason for the Israelites" misery. He would no longer take pity on them. He would cause the men of Israel to become dependent on one another and on a human king, evidently a foreign despot. This king and his followers would strike the land, but Yahweh would not deliver His people from them.

"History demonstrates that these conditions did take place after Israel"s rejection of their Messiah." [Note: Ibid, p204.]

The ruler in view was Caesar, and the striking took place in A.D70.


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Bibliography
Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:6". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/zechariah-11.html. 2012.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Zechariah 11:6. I will no more pity the inhabitants of the land — I will no more spare them than their shepherds do. The inhabitants of the land are to be distinguished from the poor of the flock in the next verse. By the former are meant those who in their respective stations were as wicked as the rulers, chief priests, and others, termed their shepherds, Zechariah 11:5; by the latter, those who were oppressed and were piously disposed. But I will deliver the men every one into his neighbour’s hand — “This verse assigns the reason for calling the people, the flock of slaughter. Nor can words more aptly describe the calamities which befell the Jews in the war which ended in the taking of Jerusalem by the Romans; when the people, having first, by their intestine broils, destroyed one another, as is set forth at large by Josephus, at length fell into the hand of him whom they had owned for their sovereign, (‘we have no king but Cesar,’ John 19:15,) and who completely desolated the land for their rebellion against him.” — Blayney.


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Bibliography
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:6". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/zechariah-11.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Hand. This alludes to the last siege of Jerusalem, in which the different factions of the Jews destroyed one another, and they that remained fell into the hands of their king, (that is, of the Roman emperor) of whom they had said, (John xiv. 15.) We have no king but Cæsar. (Challoner) --- The besieged slew each other daily, so that Vespasian did not hurry. (Josephus, Jewish Wars v. 2., and vi. 1.


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Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:6". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/zechariah-11.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

saith the LORD = [is] Jehovah"s oracle.

men, Hebrew. "adam. App-14.

every one. Hebrew. "ish, App-14.


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Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:6". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/zechariah-11.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

For I will no more pity the inhabitants of the land, saith the LORD: but, lo, I will deliver the men every one into his neighbour's hand, and into the hand of his king: and they shall smite the land, and out of their hand I will not deliver them.

For I will no more pity the inhabitants of the land, saith the Lord: but, lo, I will deliver the men every one into his neighbour's hand. As "their own shepherds pitied not" the people (Zechariah 11:5), so "the Lord" would "no more pity" either them or their dupes, who shared their guilt. Yahweh, in vengeance for their rejection of Messiah, gave them over to intestine feuds and Roman rule. The zealots and other factious Jews expelled and slew one another by turns at the last invasion by Rome.

And into the hand of his king; and they shall smite the land - Vespasian or Titus: they themselves (John 19:15) had said, unconsciously realizing Zechariah's words, and identifying Rome's king with Judah's ("his") king, "We have no king but Caesar." God took them at their word, and gave them the Roman king, who "smote (literally [kit


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:6". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/zechariah-11.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(6) Of the land.—Better, of the world.

The men.—Better, mankind. God would punish the nations for their cruelty to His people (comp. Zechariah 1:15). He would cause the world to be smitten or broken up with wars and civil tumults.


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Bibliography
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:6". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/zechariah-11.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

For I will no more pity the inhabitants of the land, saith the LORD: but, lo, I will deliver the men every one into his neighbour's hand, and into the hand of his king: and they shall smite the land, and out of their hand I will not deliver them.
I will no
5; Isaiah 27:11; Ezekiel 8:18; 9:10; Hosea 1:6; Matthew 18:33-35; 22:7; 23:35-38; Luke 19:43,44; 21:22-24; 1 Thessalonians 2:16; Hebrews 10:26-31; James 2:13
deliver
Heb. make to be found.
9,14; 8:10; Isaiah 3:5; 9:19-21; Jeremiah 13:14; Micah 7:2-7; Haggai 2:22; Matthew 10:21,34-36; 24:10; Luke 12:52,53; 21:16,17
into the
Daniel 9:26,27; Matthew 22:7; John 19:15
they shall
Malachi 4:6
and out
Psalms 50:22; Hosea 2:10; Micah 5:8; 6:14; Hebrews 2:3; 10:26,27

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Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Zechariah 11:6". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/zechariah-11.html.

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