CARM Theological Dictionary
A title used for a Roman emperor from about 30 B.C. to 70 A.D., derived from the line of Julian. There were several Caesars: Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius I, and Nero. The word then became the title to designate the Ruler of the Roman Empire. References to Caesar in the Bible can be found in Matthew 22:17; Luke 2:1; John 19:12; Acts 25:11-12; etc.
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Entry for 'Caesar'. CARM Theological Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ctd/c/caesar.html. 2013.