CARM Theological Dictionary
A system of Christian interpretation initiated by John Calvin. It emphasizes predestination and salvation. The five points of Calvinism were developed in response to the Arminian position (See Arminianism). Calvinism teaches: 1) Total depravity: that man is touched by sin in all parts of his being: body, soul, mind, and emotions, 2) Unconditional Election: that Godâ€™s favor to Man is completely by Godâ€™s free choice and has nothing to do with Man. It is completely undeserved by Man and is not based on anything God sees in man (Ephesians 1:1-11), 3) Limited atonement: that Christ did not bear the sins of every individual who ever lived, but instead only bore the sins of those who were elected into salvation (John 10:11; Joh 10:15), 4) Irresistible grace: that God's call to someone for salvation cannot be resisted, 5) Perseverance of the saints: that it is not possible to lose one's salvation (John 10:27-28).
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Entry for 'Calvinism'. CARM Theological Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ctd/c/calvinism.html. 2013.