CARM Theological Dictionary
Originally, a Jew was a member of the state of Judah during the period of the division of Israel into two nations: Judah and Israel. It became a common reference from the 8th century B.C. Today it is used of adherents of the Jewish religion.
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Entry for 'Jews'. CARM Theological Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ctd/j/jews.html. 2013.