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Bible Dictionaries

Easton's Bible Dictionary


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  • Heb. zahab, so called from its yellow colour (Exodus 25:11; 1 Chronicles 28:18; 2 Chronicles 3:5 ).

  • Heb. segor, from its compactness, or as being enclosed or treasured up; thus precious or "fine gold" (1 Kings 6:20; 7:49 ).

  • Heb. paz, native or pure gold (Job 28:17; Psalm 19:10; 21:3 , etc.).

  • Heb. betzer, "ore of gold or silver" as dug out of the mine (Job 36:19 , where it means simply riches).

  • Heb. kethem, i.e., something concealed or separated (Job 28:16,19; Psalm 45:9; Proverbs 25:12 ). Rendered "golden wedge" in Isaiah 13:12 .

  • Heb. haruts, i.e., dug out; poetic for gold (Proverbs 8:10; 16:16; Zechariah 9:3 ).

    Gold was known from the earliest times (Genesis 2:11 ). It was principally used for ornaments (Genesis 24:22 ). It was very abundant (1 Chronicles 22:14; Nahum 2:9; Daniel 3:1 ). Many tons of it were used in connection with the temple (2 Chronicles 1:15 ). It was found in Arabia, Sheba, and Ophir (1 Kings 9:28; 10:1; Job 28:16 ), but not in Palestine.

    In Daniel 2:38 , the Babylonian Empire is spoken of as a "head of gold" because of its great riches; and Babylon was called by (Isaiah 14:4 ) the "golden city" (RSV marg., "exactress," adopting the reading Marhebah , Instead of the usual word Madhebah ).

    Copyright Statement
    These dictionary topics are from M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition, published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain.

    Bibliography Information
    Easton, Matthew George. Entry for 'Gold'. Easton's Bible Dictionary. 1897.

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