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Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Washing was required by the law for purification of uncleanness of any kind, as leprosy, etc. (Leviticus 15; Leviticus 16:28; Leviticus 22:6; Numbers 19:7; Numbers 19:19; 2 Samuel 11:2; 2 Samuel 11:4; 2 Kings 5:10); mourning (Ruth 3:3; 2 Samuel 12:20). The high priest on the day of atonement, before each act of expiation (Leviticus 16:4; Leviticus 16:24); also at his own consecration (Leviticus 8:6). Anointing with perfumes was joined to the washing (Esther 2:12). The laver at the door of the tabernacle was for the priests to wash in before entering (Exodus 30:18-20). The legal ritual prescribed washing, not bathing; also sprinkling. Baptism by immersion is not confirmed by legal types.
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Fausset, Andrew R. Entry for 'Bath (1)'. Fausset's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/fbd/b/bath-1.html. 1949.