Holman Bible Dictionary
Unenclosed land. In the Hebrew definition of field, both the use of land (pasture, Genesis 29:2
; Genesis 31:4
; cropland, Genesis 37:7
; Genesis 47:24
; hunting ground, Genesis 27:3
) and the terrain [mountaintops, Numbers 21:20
(literal translation, “field of Moabi”); Judges 9:32
;] were insignificant. The crucial distinction is between what is enclosed and what is open. A field may be contrasted with a tent (Numbers 19:14
), a camp (Leviticus 14:3
), vineyards which were customarily enclosed (Exodus 22:5
; Leviticus 25:3-4
), or with a walled city (Leviticus 14:53
; Deuteronomy 28:3
). Villages without walls were regarded as fields (Leviticus 25:31
). Fields were likewise distinguished from barren wasteland (Ezekiel 33:27
). Fields were marked with landmarks (Deuteronomy 19:14
The NRSV translated the Hebrew term shedemah , one of the words generally translated field, as vineyard at Deuteronomy 32:32 . The REB rendered the term differently each place it was used (terraces, Deuteronomy 32:32; slope, 2 Kings 23:4; vineyard, Isaiah 16:8; field, Jeremiah 31:40; orchards, Habakkuk 3:17 ).
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.
Butler, Trent C. Editor. Entry for 'Field'. Holman Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hbd/f/field.html. 1991.