Holman Bible Dictionary
Seven Words From the Cross
The First Three Words Jesus' first three statements from the cross relate primarily to others, and Jesus spoke them between 9:00 a.m. and noon (Mark 15:25 ). First He asked forgiveness for those who were crucifying Him (Luke 23:34 ). Then He promised to be with the penitent thief in paradise (Luke 23:43 ). Jesus' provision for the care of His mother by John comprised His third remarks from the cross (John 19:26-27 ).
The Last Four Words Jesus' last four statements refer to Himself and were spoken between noon and 3:00 p.m. (Matthew 27:45; Mark 15:33; Luke 23:44 ). He uttered the cry of desolation, quoting Psalm 22:1 in the Aramaic language ( Matthew 27:46; Mark 15:34 ), expressed His thirst, (John 19:28 ) and issued the cry of victory, “It is finished” (John 19:30 ). In His final words, Jesus quoted Psalm 31:5 as He committed His spirit to God ( Luke 23:46 ). See Crucifixion.
Steve W. Lemke
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.
Butler, Trent C. Editor. Entry for 'Seven Words From the Cross'. Holman Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hbd/s/seven-words-from-the-cross.html. 1991.