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Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament
‘Elder’ preserves better than ‘presbyter’ the history of the title, which goes back to the fact that tribes wore governed by the heads of their component families. ‘Elder’ is probably the earliest name, after ‘apostle,’ for a Christian official (Acts 11:30). See Bishop and Church Government.
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Hastings, James. Entry for 'Elder'. Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hdn/e/elder.html. 1906-1918.