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Bible Dictionaries

Morrish Bible Dictionary

Evil Wicked

Both πονηρός and φαῦλοςare translated 'evil,' but their application in scripture is different, though they may seem to blend. φαῦλος occurs but four times, referring to doing evil, John 3:20; John 5:29; and to the character of what is done as being evil. Titus 2:8; James 3:16 .

πονηρός(from πόηος, 'labour, sorrow') often refers to the evil nature of the one acting, and the active working out of it. Thus Satan is called that 'wicked' one. Matthew 13:19,38; Ephesians 6:16; 1 John 2:13,14; 1 John 3:12 . The demons are evil spirits. Luke 7:21; Luke 8:2; Acts 19:12-16 . The same word is used in reference to the man living in sin in the church at Corinth — "put away . . . . that wicked person." 1 Corinthians 5:13 .

κακός, with its many compounds, is a common word for evil and (like πονηρός) may apply to the nature or character of those who commit evil. Matthew 21:41; Matthew 24:48; Philippians 3:2; Revelation 2:2; as well as to their acts and principles, Mark 7:21; 1 Corinthians 15:33; Colossians 3:5; Romans 1:30; Romans 8:3; 2 Corinthians 13:7; though not always with this moral force: see Acts 16:28; Acts 28:5; 'harm'; and Luke 16:25 , 'evil things.'

πονηρός would in Latin be industriâ malus, malignus. So the enemy of souls is emphatically, ὁ πονηρός, "the evil one." κακός in Latin is malus, improbus , etc., and is used in a very general way, opposed to both καλός and ἀγαθός, 'good:' 3 John 11 . Both κακός and πονηρός occur in Revelation 16:2; "noisome (κα.) and grievous (πο.)"; and their nouns κακία and πονηρία, "malice and wickedness." 1 Corinthians 5:8 .

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Bibliography Information
Morrish, George. Entry for 'Evil Wicked'. Morrish Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/mbd/4/42-evil-wicked.html. 1897.

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