Morrish Bible Dictionary
1. DARIUS THE MEDE, son of Ahasuerus. He was probably the Astyages of the historians. Some supposed 'Darius' to be a title and not a name, but the name has been found on the monuments. On the death of Belshazzar he possessed Babylon, being about 62 years of age: B.C. 538-6. Daniel 5:31; Daniel 6:9-28; Daniel 9:1; Daniel 11:1 . See BABYLON and DANIEL.
2. DARIUSHYSTASPIS, king of Persia: B.C. 521-485. He confirmed the decree of Cyrus in favour of the Jews, and the building of the temple. Ezra 4:5,24; Ezra 5:5-7; Ezra 6:1-15; Haggai 1:1,15; Haggai 2:10; Zechariah 1:1,7; Zechariah 7:1 . To this king is ascribed the consolidating of the empire of Persia.
3. DARIUS THE PERSIAN. Darius Ochus (Nothus) of the historians, B.C. 424-405. Only mentioned in Nehemiah 12:22 . For a list of the Persian kings see PERSIA.
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Morrish, George. Entry for 'Dari'us '. Morrish Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/mbd/d/darius.html. 1897.