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Bible Dictionaries

1910 New Catholic Dictionary

Order, Carmelite

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An ancient order which venerates as its founder the Prophet Elias, who lived nine centuries before Our Lord Jesus Christ. Its Elian traditions, though contested by several modern critics, have nevertheless been approved by the Church, who in the Office for his feast has allowed the Order to call him its founder, and has placed his statue in the Basilica of Saint Peter in Rome, among those of the founders of Religious Orders, with the foUowing inscription: "Universus Ordo Carmelitarum Fundatori Suo San Elire." (The Entire Order of Carmel to its Founder, Saint Elias). This religious family, thus founded under the Old Law, continued to exist under the New, and eventually spread from Asia into Europe. Established historical records of the Order date back to the 12th century; the Rule it now observes is that given by Saint Albert, Patriarch of Jerusalem, 1206, to the Hermits of Mount Carmel in Palestine. In 1432 this same Rule was mitigated by Pope Eugenius IV. The 16th century is memorable for the great reformation introduced into this Order by the Virgin of Avila, Saint Teresa of Jesus, and Saint John of the Cross. Since that time the Order has been divided into two branches, namely, that of the Calced Carmelites, who observe the Rule as mitigated by Pope Eugenius IV, and that of the Discalced Carmelites, who keep the Primitive Rule of Saint Albert, without any mitigation.

Carmelite saints include

  • Albert of Jerusalem
  • Albert of Sicily
  • Andrew Corsini
  • Angelus of Jerusalem
  • Anne of Saint Bartholomew
  • Cyril of Constantinople
  • Denis of the Nativity
  • Elizabeth of the Trinity
  • Jacobinus de Canepaci
  • Jane of Toulouse
  • Joaquina Vedruna de Mas
  • John Baptist Spagnuolo
  • John of the Cross
  • John Soreth
  • Maria Lopez of Jesus
  • Marie of the Incarnation
  • Mary Fontanella
  • Mary Magdalen of Pazzi
  • Nuno Alveres Pereira
  • Peter Thomas
  • Raphael Kalinowski
  • Redemptorus of the Cross
  • Romeo of Limoges
  • Rose Chretien
  • Simon Stock
  • Teresa Benedicta of the Cross
  • Teresa Margaret Redi
  • Teresa Maria of the Cross
  • Teresa of Avila
  • Teresa of the Andes
  • Theresa of Lisieux

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Bibliography Information
Entry for 'Order, Carmelite'. 1910 New Catholic Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ncd/o/order-carmelite.html. 1910.

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