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People's Dictionary of the Bible
Abijah (a-bî'jah), whose father is Jehovah. 1. A son of Jeroboam I., king of Israel, who died under interesting circumstances in early life. 1 Kings 14:1. See Jeroboam. 2. Abijah Or Abijam, 2 Chronicles 13:1, the son of Rehoboam and Michaiah, succeeded his father as king of Judah, b.c. 959. He made war against Jeroboam, king of Israel, for the purpose of getting back the kingship of the ten tribes, and defeated him, with a loss of 500,000 men. These figures are probably through a copyist's mistake made too large; the loss, it is likely, was not greater than 50,000. He began to reign in the eighteenth year of Jeroboam, and was succeeded by his son Asa in the twentieth year of Jeroboam, so that he reigned only a part of three years. The apparent contradiction in respect to the parentage of this person, as it is given in 1 Kings 15:2 and 2 Chronicles 13:2, may be explained by supposing that his mother Maachah (or Michaiah) was the daughter of Uriel and the granddaughter of Absalom, who is called Abishalom. 1 Kings 15:2. The term "daughter" is given in the Bible to other relatives than one's own child; e.g., to a niece, granddaughter, or great-granddaughter. 3. The head of one of the courses of priests, 1 Chronicles 24:10; Nehemiah 12:17; termed Abia in Luke 1:5. 4 The mother of Hezekiah, 2 Chronicles 29:1 : also called Abi in 2 Kings 18:2. 5. One of the priests who "sealed the covenant;" i.e., appended their seals unto it to signify that they were parties to it. Nehemiah 10:7. 6. A priest who returned with Zerubbabel from Babylon. Nehemiah 12:4; Nehemiah 12:17.
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Rice, Edwin Wilbur, DD. Entry for 'Abijah'. People's Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/rpd/a/abijah.html. 1893.