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Smith's Bible Dictionary
Gabbatha. (elevated; a platform). The Hebrew or Chaldee appellation of a place, also called "Pavement", where the judgment-seat or bema was planted, from his place on which Pilate delivered our Lord to death. John 19:13. It was a tessellated platform outside the praetorium, on the western hill of Jerusalem, for Pilate brought Jesus forth from thence to it.
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Smith, William, Dr. Entry for 'abbatha'. Smith's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/sbd/a/abbatha.html. 1901.