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Bible Dictionaries
Distress, Distressed

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

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A — 1: ἀνάγκη

(Strong's #318 — Noun Feminine — ananke — an-ang-kay' )

denotes (a) "a necessity," imposed whether by external circumstances, e.g., Luke 23:17 , or inward pressure, e.g., 1 Corinthians 9:16; (b) "straits, distress," Luke 21:23 (in ver. 25 "distress" translates No. 3); 1 Corinthians 7:26; 1 Thessalonians 3:7; the last two refer to the lack of material things. See NECESSARY , NECESSITY , NEEDS.

A — 2: στενοχωρία

(Strong's #4730 — Noun Feminine — stenochoria — sten-okh-o-ree'-ah )

see ANGUISH.

A — 3: συνοχή

(Strong's #4928 — Noun Feminine — sunoche — soon-okh'-ay )

see ANGUISH.

A — 4: θλῖψις

(Strong's #2347 — Noun Feminine — thlipsis — thlip'-sis )

see AFFLICTION , B, No. 5.

B — 1: βασανίζω

(Strong's #928 — Verb — basanizo — bas-an-id'-zo )

properly signifies "to test by rubbing on the touchstone" (basanos, "a touchstone"), then, "to question by applying torture;" hence "to vex, torment;" in the Passive Voice, "to be harassed, distressed;" it is said of men struggling in a boat against wind and waves, Matthew 14:24 , RV, "distressed" (AV, "tossed"); Mark 6:48 , RV, "distressed" (AV, "toiling"). See PAIN , TOIL , TORMENT , VEX.

B — 2: σκύλλω

(Strong's #4660 — Verb — skullo — skool'-lo )

primarily signifies "to skin, to fly;" then "to rend, mangle;" hence, "to vex, trouble, annoy;" it is found in the most authentic mss. in Matthew 9:36 , RV, "distressed" (of the multitudes who applied to the Lord for healing); AV, "fainted," translating the alternative reading, ekluo, lit., "to loosen out." It is also used in Mark 5:35; Luke 7:6; 8:49 . See TROUBLE.

B — 3: στενοχωρέω

(Strong's #4729 — Verb — stenochoreo — sten-okh-o-reh'-o )

see ANGUISH.

B — 4: καταπονέω

(Strong's #2669 — Verb — kataponeo — kat-ap-on-eh'-o )

primarily, "to tire down with toil, exhaust with labor" (kata, "down," ponos, "labor"), hence signifies "to afflict, oppress;" in the Passive Voice, "to be oppressed, much distressed;" it is translated "oppressed" in Acts 7:24 , and "sore distressed" in 2 Peter 2:7 , RV, (AV, "vexed"). See OPPRESS , VEX.

Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Distress, Distressed'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/​dictionaries/​eng/​ved/​d/distress-distressed.html. 1940.
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