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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #85 - ἀδημονέω

Root Word (Etymology)
from a derivative of adeo (to be sated to loathing)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to be troubled, great distress or anguish, depressed
This is the strongest of the three Greek words (85, 916, 3076) in the NT for depression.
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (3)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Philippians 1
NAS (3)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Philippians 1
CSB (3)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Philippians 1
BSB (3)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Philippians 1
ESV (3)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Philippians 1
WEB (3)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Philippians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


ἀδημονέω, to be sorely troubled or dismayed, be in anguish, Hp. Virg. 1; ἀδημονῶν τε καὶ ἀπορῶν Pl. Tht. 175d, cf. D. 19.197; ἀδημονῆσαι τὰς ψυχάς X. HG 4.4.3: c. dat. rei, ἀδημονεῖ τᾗ ἀτοπίᾳ τοῦ πάθους Pl. Phdr. 251d; ὑπό τινος to be puzzled by.., Epicur. Nat. 11.8; ἐπί τινι D.H. 3.70; χάριν τινός POxy. 298.45 (i A.D.). (Eust., 833.15, derives it from ἀδήμων, which is found only as v.l. in Hp. Epid. 1.18 (cf. Gal. 17 (1).177), and is itself of doubtful derivation.) [ ᾰδ- Nic. Fr. 16.]

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀδημονέω, (ῶ; (from the unused ἀδημων, and this from the alpha privative and δῆμος; accordingly, uncomfortable, as not at home, cf. German unheimisch, unheimlich; cf. Alexander Buttmann (1873) Lexil. ii. 136 (Fishlake's trans, p. 29f. But Lob. (Pathol. Proleg., p. 238, cf., p. 160) and others connect it with ἀδήμων, ἀδῆσαι; see Lightfoot on Philippians 2:26)); to be troubled, distressed: Matthew 26:37; Mark 14:33; Philippians 2:26. (Xenophon, Hell. 4, 4, 3 ἀδημονῆσαι τάς ψυχάς, and often in secular authors.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** ἀδημονέω , -

(on the derivation, v. MM, VGT, s.v.),

[in Aq.: Job 18:20; Sm.: (Psalms 61:3) (Psalms 116:11), Ecclesiastes 7:17 (16) Ezekiel 3:15 *;]

to be troubled, distressed (MM, l.c.): Matthew 26:37, Mark 14:33, Philippians 2:26. †

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Lightfoot’s translation of ἀδημονῶν, ";distressed,"; in Philippians 2:26, is borne out by P Oxy II. 298.45 f. (i/A.D.) λίαν ἀδημονοῦμεν χάρ [ι ]ν τῆς θρεπτῆς Σαραποῦτος, where the editors render, ";I am excessively concerned on account of the foster-child Sarapous."; Towards the etymology of this word, T.W. Allen (CR xx. p. 5) traces an adj. δήμων in the Iliad (M 213), with the meaning ";knowing"; ";prudent,"; so that ἀδημονεῖν would suggest originally bewilderment. The adj. must be independent of δαήμων, though ultimately from the same root (dens, as in δέδαε, Skt dasmáḥ : cf. Boisacq Dict. Etym., p. 168).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αδημονειν αδημονείν ἀδημονεῖν αδημονων αδημονών ἀδημονῶν ademonein ademoneîn adēmonein adēmoneîn ademonon ademonôn adēmonōn adēmonō̂n
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