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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2669 - καταπονέω

Transliteration
kataponéō
Phonetics
kat-ap-on-eh'-o
Origin
from (G2596) and a derivative of (G4192)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to tire down with toil, exhaust with labour
    1. to afflict or oppress with evils
    2. to make trouble for
    3. to treat roughly
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (2)
Acts
1
2 Peter
1
NAS (2)
Acts
1
2 Peter
1
HCS (2)
Acts
1
2 Peter
1
BSB (2)
Acts
1
2 Peter
1
ESV (2)
Acts
1
2 Peter
1
WEB (2)
Acts
1
2 Peter
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

καταπον-έω,

I

1. subdue, τῇ ἐνδείᾳ τῆς τροφῆς τὴν ἀλκὴν τοῦ θηρίου D.S. 3.37, cf. Heraclit. Incred. 11: in fut. Med., τὰς ὀλίγας ναῦς ταῖς πολλαπλασίαις D.S. 11.15; worst in a lawsuit, POxy. 1101.9 (iv A. D.): Pass., to be subdued, reduced, worn out, δῆμος -πεπονημένος Aeschin. 2.36, cf. Plb. 29.27.11, D.S. 11.6; πάντα ταῖς ἐνδελεχείαις -πονεῖται πράγματα Men. 744; to be exhausted, τῷ θάλπει Gal. 10.715.

2. handle roughly, crush, damage, τὰ -πονούμενα καὶ συμπατούμενα Thphr. HP 8.7.5; maltreat, oppress, esp. in Pass., ὑπὸ τῶν τυράννων, ὑπὸ τῶν τελωνῶν, Arist. Fr. 575, BGU 1188.17 (Aug.), cf. Acts 7:24, Diog.Oen. 1.

3. digest food, Sor. 2.32 (Pass.).

II intr. in pf. part. -πεπονηκώς ruinous, Procop. Aed. 1.4, 8.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** κατα -πονέω , - ,

[in LXX: 2 Maccabees 8:2 (A), 3 Maccabees 2:2; 3 Maccabees 2:13 *;]

to wear down, oppress, treat hardly: pass., Acts 7:24, 2 Peter 2:7.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

BGU IV.1188.17 (time of Augustus) αὐτ ̣ο ̣ς ̣ τ ̣ε ̣ κ ̣α ̣τ ̣α ̣π ̣ο ̣νούμενος ὑπὸ τῶν τελωνω ̣ν α ̣̓ν ̣α ̣φορὰ ̣ν ̣ ἡμ ̣ε ̣ι ̣ͅν ̣ [ἀνήνεγκεν, P Oxy VIII. 1101.9 (A.D. 367–70) βουλόμενοι τοὺς διαδικοῦν [τας πάνυ κ ]αταπονι ̣ͅν, ";in their desire thoroughly to worst their adversaries at law"; (Ed.). In BGU IV. 1060.24 (B.C. 14) ὅθεν καταπεπονη ̣μένοι προήγμεθα πρὸς ἀπειλαῖς, the petitioners seem to complain of definite ill–treatment. This is the meaning in Acts 7:24 Can we not recognise it in 2 Peter 2:7? It is not mental distress that is referred to here–that comes in ver. 8—but the threatened violence of Genesis 19:9. The conative present shows that the angels’ rescue (ἐρύσατο) was in time.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
καταπονουμενον καταπονούμενον καταπονουμενω καταπονουμένω καταπονουμένῳ kataponoumeno kataponoumenō kataponouménoi kataponouménōi kataponoumenon kataponoúmenon
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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