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Fausset's Bible Dictionary


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The head was usually uncovered. In Leviticus 10:6 the sense of "uncover (literally, "let loose") not your heads" is "let not your hair fall loosely from your head" as in mourning. When needful the head was covered with the mantle; the radid and tsaiph were so used, the veil also. In Job 29:14, "my judgment (justice) was as ... a diadem," translated "a turban," or head-dress of linen rolled around (tsaniph ). It and the flowing outer "robe" characterize an oriental grandee or high priest (Zechariah 3:5). The tsaniyph) was worn also by an adorned lady (Isaiah 3:23, "hoods" or mitres), also by kings, Isaiah 62:3. The pe-eer was a holiday ornamental head-dress; (Isaiah 61:3) "beauty for ashes" (a play on similar sounds, pe-eer epher ), to give them the ornamental headdress worn on joyous occasions (Ezekiel 24:17) for the ashes cast on the head in mourning (2 Samuel 13:19).

The high priest's "mitre" was a twisted band of linen coiled into a cap, like a turban, with a plate or crown of gold in front,. Instead of this the ordinary priests wore "bonnets" (rather caps) "for glory and for beauty." In Isaiah 61:10, "as a bridegroom decketh himself with ornaments" (pe-eer ), translated" with the priests' ornamental head-dress," appropriate to the "kingdom of priests," consecrated to offer spiritual sacrifices to God continually (Exodus 19:6; Revelation 5:10; Revelation 20:6). The pe-eer refers especially to the jewels and ornaments with which the turban is decorated. In Ezekiel 16:10 "I girded thee about with fine linen" may refer to the turban. In Ezekiel 23:15 "exceeding in dyed attire," translated "redundant in dyed turbans," i.e. with ample dyed turbans; the Assyrians delighted in ample richly dyed headdresses anti robes. In Daniel 3:21 for" hats" translated "outer mantles."

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Bibliography Information
Fausset, Andrew R. Entry for 'Headdress'. Fausset's Bible Dictionary. 1949.

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Monday, October 14th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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