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Holman Bible Dictionary


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NRSV, TEV translation of the Hebrew ayinim , meaning small plane surfaces, especially those on a cut gem (Zechariah 3:9 ). The basic idea of the Hebrew ayin , as reflected in most English versions, is eye. By extension the root can designate a face or surface, hence the translation facet. Some commentators understand the Hebrew root to mean springs of water (compare Genesis 16:7 ). The translation “eyes” points ahead to “the seven eyes of God which roam throughout the world” (Genesis 4:10 ), a symbol of the omniscience or omnipresence of God. The translation “springs” fits well with the idea of the removal of iniquity (Genesis 3:9 ). The eschatological spring or stream is well known in visions of the Temple (Joel 3:18 ; Ezekiel 47:1 ; Zechariah 13:1 ; Zechariah 14:8 ). Zechariah 3:9 , however, uses the masculine plural form rather than the feminine form used in other references to springs. Perhaps the masculine form is an Aramaism. Some scholars believe the stone was a stone slab occupying the place held by the ark of the covenant in the first Temple. In this case the seven eyes represent the full presence of God in a way corresponding to the ark of the covenant.

Copyright Statement
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.

Bibliography Information
Butler, Trent C. Editor. Entry for 'Facets'. Holman Bible Dictionary. 1991.

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