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Bible Dictionaries

Holman Bible Dictionary

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To pulverize and smooth the soil by means of a harrow, a cultivating implement with spikes, spring teeth, or disks. The modern harrow was unknown in ancient Egypt. The biblical references to harrowing or breaking clods (Job 39:10; Isaiah 28:24; Hosea 10:11 ) distinguish this process from plowing. Perhaps the dragging of branches to smooth the soil over seed is what is intended. The NIV replaced harrow with “till” (Job 39:10 ) and with “break up the ground” (Hosea 10:11 ).

Modern translations replace the harrow of the KJV with iron picks (NIV, NRSV); iron hoes (TEV), or sharp iron instruments (NAS) at 2 Samuel 12:31; 1 Chronicles 20:3 . See Agriculture; Tools .

Bibliography Information
Butler, Trent C. Editor. Entry for 'Harrow'. Holman Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/​dictionaries/​eng/​hbd/​h/harrow.html. 1991.
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