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Bible Dictionaries

1910 New Catholic Dictionary

Immaculate Conception, Feast of the

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Also known as Feast of the Immaculate Conception

Immaculate Conception of Mary

Mary, the Immaculate Conception

Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception

Memorial December 8,

Profile The Blessed Virgin Mary was preserved from the stain of original sin in the first instant of her conception in the womb of her mother. This was a singular privilege and grace of God, granted in view of the merits of Jesus Christ. By her conception is meant not the act or part of her parents in it, nor the formation of her body, nor the conception of Christ later in her own womb; from the moment her soul was created and infused into her body, it was free from original sin and filled with sanctifying grace. Her soul was never stained by original sin, nor by the depraved emotions, passions, and weaknesses consequent on that sin, but created in a state of original sanctity, innocence, and justice. She had at least the graces of the first Eve before the Fall and more. This privilege was befitting the one who was to be mother of the Redeemer.

The doctrine was defined by Blessed Pope Pius IX, December 8, 1854. It is in accord with the texts of Scripture (Genesis 3), "I will put enmities between thee [the serpent] and the woman, and thy seed and her seed"; (Luke 1), "Hail, full of grace." It is established by tradition, by the writings of the Fathers, by feasts observed in honour of this prerogative, by the general belief of the faithful. The very controversies over it among theologians brought about a clear understanding and acceptance of the doctrine long before it was declared by Blessed Pope Pius IX. After the declaration, some Protestant writers denounced what they styled Mariolatry (idolatry of Mary). However, there is a constantly-growing devotion among Catholics, and respect among some Protestant groups for the prerogatives of the Mother of Our Redeemer.

Among the many masters who have represented the Immaculate Conception in art are: Carducci, Carreno de Miranda, Falco, Holbein, Montanes, Muller, Murillo, Reni, Ribera, and Signorelli. It is the title she used when appearing at Lourdes.

The feast originated in the East about the 8th century where it was celebrated on December 9,. In the Western Church it appeared first in England in the 11th century and was included in the calendar of the universal Church in the 14th century. It has a vigil and an octave, and is a holy day of obligation in the United States, Ireland, and Scotland.

Name Meaning stainless (immaculata) (Latin)

Patronage Agra, India, archdiocese of

Albany, New York, diocese of

Argentina

Austin, Texas, diocese of

Baltimore, Maryland, archdiocese of

barrel makers

Bismarck, North Dakota, diocese of

Brazil

Brooklyn, New York, diocese of

Burlington, Vermont, diocese of

Calgary, Alberta, Canada

Camden, New Jersey, diocese of

Cerva, Catanzaro, Italy

Chicago, Illinois, archdiocese of

cloth makers

cloth workers

Congo

coopers

Corsica, France

Crookston, Minnesota, diocese of

Denver, Colorado, archdiocese of

Dhaka, Bangladesh, archdiocese of

Elphin, Ireland, diocese of

Equatorial Guinea

Fort Wayne-South Bend, Indiana, diocese of

Galveston-Houston>, Texas, archdiocese of

Guam

Is-Swieqi, Malta

Johannesburg, South Africa, diocese of

Kansas City, Kansas, archdiocese of

Kansas City - Saint Joseph, Missouri, diocese of

Keimoes-Upington, South Africa, diocese of

Lafayette, Louisiana, diocese of

Malolos, Philippines, diocese of

military ordinariate of the Philippines

Mobile, Alabama, archdiocese of

Nicaragua

Nueva Segovia, Philippines

Ogdensburg, New York, diocese of

Ozamiz, Philippines, archdiocese of

Panama

Pasig, Philippines

Peoria, Illinois, diocese of

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, archdiocese of

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, diocese of

Pondicherry and Cuddalore, India

Portland, Maine, diocese of

Portland, Oregon, archdiocese of

Portugal

Pueblo, Colorado, diocese of

Rockford, Illinois, diocese of

Seattle, Washington, archdiocese of

Shreveport, Louisiana, diocese of

soldiers of the United States

Southwark, England, archdiocese of

Spanish infantry

Spokane, Washington, diocese of

Springfield, Illinois, diocese of

Swieqi, Malta

Syracuse, New York, diocese of

Tanzania

tapestry workers

Toa Alto, Puerto Rico

Torrevieja, Spain

Tunisia

Tyler, Texas, diocese of

United States

upholsterers

Virac, Philippines

Wichita, Kansas, diocese of

Additional Information Goffine's Devout Instructions

Ad Diem Illum Laetissiumum: On the Immaculate Conception, by Pope Saint Pius X

Fulgens Corona: Proclaiming a Marian year to Commemorate the Centenary of the Definition of the Dogma of the Immaculate Conception, Venerable Pope Pius XII

Ineffabilis Deus: The Immaculate Conception, by Blessed Pope Pius IX

Ubi Primum: On The Immaculate Conception, by Blessed Pope Pius IX

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Bibliography Information
Entry for 'Immaculate Conception, Feast of the'. 1910 New Catholic Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ncd/i/immaculate-conception-feast-of-the.html. 1910.

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