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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Choice, Choose, Chosen

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A — 1: ἐκλέγω
(Strong's #1586 — Verb — eklego — ek-leg'-om-ahee )

"to pick out, select," means, in the Middle Voice, "to choose for oneself," not necessarily implying the rejection of what is not chosen, but "choosing" with the subsidiary ideas of kindness of favor or love, Mark 13:20 ; Luke 6:13 ; 9:35 (RV); 10:42; 14:7; John 6:70 ; 13:18 ; 15:16,19 ; Acts 1:2,24 ; 6:5 ; 13:17 ; 15:22,25 ; in Acts 15:7 it is rendered "made choice;" 1 Corinthians 1:27,28 ; Ephesians 1:4 ; James 2:5 .

A — 2: ἐπιλέγω
(Strong's #1951 — Verb — epilego — ep-ee-leg'-om-ahee )

in the Middle Voice, signifies "to choose," either in addition or in succession to another. It has this meaning in Acts 15:40 , of Paul's choice of Silas. For its other meaning, "to call or name," John 5:2 , see CALL.

A — 3: αἱρέω
(Strong's #138 — Verb — haireo — hahee-reh'-om-ahee )

"to take," is used in the Middle Voice only, in the sense of taking for oneself, choosing, 2 Thessalonians 2:13 , of a "choice" made by God (as in Deuteronomy 7:6,7 ; 26:18 , Sept.); in Philippians 1:22 ; Hebrews 11:25 , of human "choice." Its special significance is to select rather by the act of taking, than by showing preference or favor.

A — 4: αἱρετίζω
(Strong's #140 — Verb — hairetizo — hahee-ret-id'-zo )

akin to the verbal adjective hairetos, "that which may be taken" (see No.3), signifies "to take," with the implication that what is taken is eligible or suitable; hence, "to choose," by reason of this suitability, Matthew 12:18 , of God's delight in Christ as His "choosen." It is frequent in the Sept., e.g., Genesis 30:20 ; Numbers 14:8 ; Psalm 25:12 ; 119:30,173 ; 132:13,14 ; Hos.4:18; Haggai 2:23 ("he hath chosen the Canaanites"); Zechariah 1:17 ; 2:12 ; Malachi 3:17 .

A — 5: χειροτονέω
(Strong's #5500 — Verb — cheirotoneo — khi-rot-on-eh'-o )

see APPOINT , NO. 11.

A — 6: προχειροτονέω
(Strong's #4401 — Verb — procheirotoneo — prokh-i-rot-on-eh'-o )

signifies "to choose before," Acts 10:41 , where it is used of a choice made before by God.

Notes: (1) For procheirizo see APPOINT , No. 12.

(2) Stratologeo, in 2 Timothy 2:4 (AV, "chosen to be a soldier"), signifies to enroll as a soldier (RV). See SOLDIER.

B — 1: ἐκλεκτός
(Strong's #1588 — Adjective — eklektos — ek-lek-tos' )

akin to A, No. 1, signifies "chosen out, select," e.g., Matthew 22:14 ; Luke 23:35 ; Romans 16:13 (perhaps in the sense of "eminent"); Revelation 17:14 . In 1 Peter 2:4,9 , the RV translates it "elect." See ELECT.

C — 1: ἐκλογή
(Strong's #1589 — Noun Feminine — ekloge — ek-log-ay' )

akin to A, No. 1 and B, "a picking out, choosing" (Eng., "eclogue"), is translated "chosen" in Acts 9:15 , lit., "he is a vessel of choice unto Me." In the six other places where this word is found it is translated "election." See ELECTION.


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Choice, Choose, Chosen'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/c/choice-choose-chosen.html. 1940.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, November 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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