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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1589 - ἐκλογή
- the act of picking out, choosing
- of the act of God's free will by which before the foundation of the world he decreed his blessings to certain persons
- the decree made from choice by which he determined to bless certain persons through Christ by grace alone
- a thing or person chosen
- of persons: God's elect
1. choice, selection, τῶν ἀρχόντων Pl. R. 414a, 536c; ἐ. ποιεῖσθαι Id. Lg. 802b; ἐ. [ τῶν ἀρίστων νόμων ] Arist. EN 1181a18; τῶν ἐναντίων Id. Metaph. 1004a2; ὀνομάτων Phld. Rh. 1.162 S., D.H. Comp. 1, etc.; ὀνόματος A.D. Synt. 71.10; κατ' ἐκλογὴν ἀριστίνδην κεκριμένοι Plb. 6.10.9; ἐπὶ ἐγλογῇ γεωργεῖν PTeb. 5.166 (ii B.C.).
2. levying of troops, Plb. 5.63.11.
3. collection of tribute, etc., κριθῶν Lex Attica ap. Ath. 6.235c; χρημάτων D.C. 42.6; σίτου Cratesap. Ath. 6.235b.
4. Theol., election,Romans 9:11, etc.; σκεῦος ἐκλογῆς Acts 9:15.
5. balancing of accounts, PRyl. 157.6 (ii A.D.).
1. extract, quotation from a book, Apollon. Cit. 3, Ath. 14.663c, Antig. Mir. 15.
2. choice collection of passages, such as the Eclogae or 'Elegant Extracts' of Stobaeus: ἐκλογαὶ Ἀρχιγένους select prescriptions of A., Gal. 14.343.
3. διὰ τὴν ἐ. τῶν ἀνθρώπων because they were picked men, Plb. 1.47.9,cf. Ph. 2.362.
4. ἐκλογήν· κάλαθον (Lacon.), Hsch.
** ἐκλογή , ῆς ἡ
(< ἐκλέγω ),
[in Aq.: Isaiah 22:7; Sm., Th.: Isaiah 37:24 *;]
a choice, selection; in NT, always of the Divine choice (EV, election): σκεῦος ἐκλογῆς , gen. qual., a chosen vessel; κατ ἐ ., Romans 9:11; Romans 11:5; Romans 11:28; c. gen. pers., 1 Thessalonians 1:4, 2 Peter 1:10; by meton., ἡ ἐ . = οἱ ἐκλεκτοί , Romans 11:7.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
In the Royal Ordinances issued by Euergetes II. and the two Cleopatras, P Tebt I. 5.166 (B.C. 118), it is enacted that officials are not to take the richest Crown land from the cultivators by fraud μηδὲ ἐπὶ ἐγλογῆι γεωργεῖν, ";nor to cultivate it at choice,"; i.e. select the best land for themselves. Similarly in the marriage contract, P Oxy III. 496.15 (A.D. 127), provision is made that in certain eventualities the ";choice"; shall rest with the bride—ἐκλογῆς οὔσης περὶ τὴν γαμουμένην : so ib. 497.19 (early ii/A.D.), ib. IV. 729.41 (A.D. 137), CPR I. 22.23 (ii/A.D.). Cf. BGU IV. 1158.13 (B.C. 9) where two contracting parties retain τὴν ἐξουσία (ν) καὶ ἐγλογὴ (ν) . . . πράσσειν τὸ κεφά [λ ]αιο (ν), ";the power and choice to call in the principal."; In P Flor I. 47.14 (A.D. 213–17) (= Chrest. II. p. 158 ) ἀπέσχεν. . . ὑπὲρ ἐκλογῆς ἀργ (υρίου) (δραχμὰς) διακοσίας, the reference is to an ";additional payment"; made to equalize an exchange of property : cf. BGU IV. 1013.16 (time of Claudius or Nero), P Ryl II. 157.6 (A.D. 135). [Cf. ἡ ἔγλογος = ";the surplus,"; Wilcken Ostr i. p. 733.] The word occurs in an interesting connexion in the epitaph of M. Julius Eugenius, Bishop of Laodicea, composed about A.D. 340–2, where Ramsay (Exp VII. ix. p. 53) reads ε [ἰς τύμβον ἐ ]μὸν τῆς τε ἐκλ [ογῆς ἀπ ]ὸ τοῦ γένους μου, ";to be my grave and that of the Elect from my race"; : cf. Romans 11:7. ";He belonged to a family some of whose members were still pagan; and he restricted the right of sharing this sepulchre to those members who were Christian."; In the sepulchral inscr. Preisigke 4315.8 Ἐκλογὴ καλουμένη, the word is a proper name.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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