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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #5500 - χειροτονέω

Root Word (Etymology)
from a comparative of (G5495) and teino (to stretch)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to vote by stretching out the hand
  2. to create or appoint by vote: one to have charge of some office or duty
  3. to elect, create, appoint
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (5)
Acts 1
2 Corinthians 2
2 Timothy 1
Titus 1
NAS (2)
Acts 1
2 Corinthians 1
CSB (2)
Acts 1
2 Corinthians 1
BSB (2)
Acts 1
2 Corinthians 1
ESV (1)
Acts 1
WEB (3)
Acts 1
2 Corinthians 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


stretch out the hand, for the purpose of giving one's vote in the assembly, περὶ τῶν ἀνδρῶν Plu. Phoc. 34; μὴ χ. vote against the motion, Luc. Deor.Conc. 9: but mostly,

II c. acc. pers., elect, prop. by show of hands, Ar. Ach. 598, Av. 1571, etc.; εἰς τὴν ἀγορὰν χ. τοὺς ταξιάρχους.., οὐκ ἐπὶ τὸν πόλεμον D. 4.26; c. dupl. acc., στρατηγὸν χ. τινά X. HG 6.2.11, cf. Isoc. 8.50: Pass., to be elected, Ar. Ach. 607; ἐπὶ τοῦτ' ἐχειροτονήθησαν, ἵνα.. Lys. 28.14; χ. ἔκ τινων Pl. Lg. 763e; χ. ἐπὶ τῆς διοικήσεως Decr. ap. D. 18.115: c. acc. cogn., χ. τὴν ἀρχὴν τὴν ἐπὶ τῷ θεωρικῷ Aeschin. 3.24, cf. Ar. Ec. 517 (anap.); χειροτονηθεὶς ἢ λαχών Pl. Plt. 300a, cf. Aeschin. 1.106. later, generally, appoint, Ph. 2.112; of the Jewish High Priest, J. AJ 13.2.2; τὸν ὑπὸ τοῦ θεοῦ κεχειροτονημένον βασιλέα ib. 6.13.9, cf. 7.9.3; appoint to an office in the Church, πρεσβυτέρους Acts 14:23; Acts cf.2 Cor. 8.19 (Pass.).

2. c. acc. rei, vote for a thing, Ar. Ec. 297 (lyr.), 797, lsoc. 7.84; γνώμας D. 18.248: c. inf., ὁ δῆμος ἐχειροτόνησεν ἐξεῖναι.. πέμπειν voted to send, Aeschin. 2.13, cf. IG 12.57.29, 63.4: Pass., κεχειροτόνηται ὕβρις τὸ πρᾶγυ' εἶναι it is voted, ruled to be.., D. 21.216.

III span with the hand, τὸ αἰδοῖον Artem. 1.78 (ap. Suid.; χειροκοπεῖν codd.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

χειροτονέω, χειροτόνω: 1 aorist participle χειροτονησας; 1 aorist passive preposition χειροτονηθείς; (from χειρότονος extending the hand, and this from χείρ and τείνω); from (Aristophanes), Xenophon, Plato, Isocrates down;

a. properly, to vote by stretching out the hand (cf. Xenophon, an. 3, 2, 33 ὅτῳ δοκεῖ ταῦτα, ἀνατεινάτω τήν χεῖρα. ἀνετειναν ἅπαντες).

b. to create or appoint by vote: τινα, one to have charge of some office or duty, passive, 2 Corinthians 8:19, and in the spurious subscriptions in ; Titus 3:15.

c. with the loss of the notion of extending the hand, to elect, appoint, create: τινα, Acts 14:23 (see examples from the Greek writings in Passow, under the word, p. 2440{a}; χειροτονεῖσθαι ὑπό Θεοῦ βασιλέα, Philo de praem. et poen. § 9; (βασιλέως ὕπαρχος ἐχειροτονειτο, de Josephus, § 41); Josephus, Antiquities 6, 4, 2; (7, 11, 1; of the choice of Jonah as high priest, 13, 2, 2; cf. Hatch in Dict. of Chris. Antiq., under the word, Ordination, p. 1501{b}; Harnack on 'Teaching' etc. 15, 1 [ET]).). (Compare: προχειροτονέω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* χειρο -τονέω , -

(<χείρ , τείνω ),

1. to vote by stretching out the hand in the Athenian ἐκκλησία (Luc., Plut.).

2. to appoint:

(a) by vote, 2 Corinthians 8:19;

(b) without vote, Acts 14:23 (v. Rackham, in l) (cf. προχειροτονέω ).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
χειροτονηθεις χειροτονηθείς χειροτονηθεὶς χειροτονησαντες χειροτονήσαντες χειροτονίαν χειρώσηται cheirotonesantes cheirotonēsantes cheirotonḗsantes cheirotonetheis cheirotonetheìs cheirotonētheis cheirotonētheìs
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