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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #138 - αἱρέομαι
- to take for oneself, to prefer, choose
- to choose by vote, elect to office
αἱρέω, (ῶ: (thought by some to be akin to ἄγρα, ἀγρέω, χείρ, English grip, etc.; cf. Alexander Buttmann (1873) Lexil. 1:131 — but see Curtius, § 117); to take. In the N. T. in the middle only: future αἱρήσομαι; 2 aorist εἱλόμην, but G L T Tr WH ἑιλάμην, 2 Thessalonians 2:13, cf. (Tdf. Proleg., p. 123; WHs Appendix, p. 165;) Winers Grammar, § 13, 1 a.; Buttmann, 40 (35), see ἀπέρχομαι at the beginning; (participle ἑλόμενος, Hebrews 11:25); to take for oneself, to choose, prefer: Philippians 1:22; 2 Thessalonians 2:13; μᾶλλον followed by infinitive with ἤ (common in Attic), Hebrews 11:25. (Compare: ἀναιρέω, ἀφαιρέω, διαιρέω, ἐξαιρέω, καθαιρέω, περιαιρέω, προαιρέω.)
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to take; Mid., -ομαι (M, Pr., 158 f.; MM, VGT, s.v.),
to choose: Philippians 1:22, 2 Thessalonians 2:13, Hebrews 11:25.
(ἀν -, ἀφ -, δι -, ἐξ -, καθ -, περι -, προ -αιρέω .)†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The middle usage of this word, which alone occurs in the NT, may be illustrated from P Par 26.51 (B.C. 163–2) ( = Selections, p. 18) ὑμῖν δὲ γίνοιτο κρατεῖν πάσης ἧς ἂν αἱρῆσθε χώρας, P Lips I. 104.13 (c. B.C. 96–5) περὶ ὧν ἂν αἱρῆσθε γράφετέ μοι, P Oxy III. 489.4 (a will, A.D. 117) καθ᾽ ὃν ἐὰν αἱρῶμαι [τρόπον ], P Ryl II. 153.43 (A.D. 138–61) κ ]ύριος γὰρ ὢν τῶν ἰδίων οὕτως ἥρημαι διατέσθαι, P Tebt II. 319.20 (A.D. 248) ὃ ἐὰν αἱρῆται, and so frequently. It is a sign of the gradual disappearance of the subtler meanings of the middle, that so early as B.C. 95 we find ἐὰν αἱρῆτε and ἐὰν αἱρεῖσθε used side by side for ";if you like,"; P Grenf II. 36.14, .18 : see further Prolegomena, p. 159. For other uses of the active cf. P Fay 34.14 (A.D. 161) τὸ αἱροῦν ἐξ ἴσου, ";equal instalments,"; the same in ib. 93.17 (A.D. 161), P Oxy III. 502.28 (A.D. 164) τὰς αἱρούσας τῶν ἐνοικίων δραχμὰς ἑκατόν, ";the proportionate amount of the rent, 100 drachmae"; (Edd.), BGU II. 405.10 (A.D. 348) πέπρακα εἰς τὸ ἑροῦν (i.e. αἱροῦν) μοι μέρος.
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