1911 Encyclopedia Britannica
A spa in Russian Transcaucasia, government of Tiflis, 50 m. S.W. of the Borzhom railway station and 65 m. E. of Batum, very picturesquely situated in a cauldron-shaped valley. It has hot sulphur baths (932Â°-1182Â° Fahr.) and an astronomical observatory (4240 ft.).
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Chisholm, Hugh, General Editor. Entry for 'Abbas-Tuman'. 1911 Encyclopedia Britanica. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/bri/a/abbas-tuman.html. 1910.