Bible Encyclopedias

1911 Encyclopedia Britannica

Abbreviated Titles and Designations


A.A. Associate of Arts.

A.B. Able-bodied seaman; (in America) Bachelor of Arts.

A.D.C. Aide-de-Camp.

A.M. (Artium Magister ), Master of Arts.

A.R.A. Associate of the Royal Academy.

A.R.I.B.A. Associate of the Royal Institution of British Architects.

A.R.S.A. Associate of the Royal Scottish Academy.

B.A. Bachelor of Arts.

Bart. Baronet.

B.C.L. Bachelor of Civil Law.

B.D. Bachelor of Divinity.

B.LL. Bachelor of Laws.

B.Sc. Bachelor of Science.

C. Chairman.

Chartered Accountant.

Companion of the Bath.

Civil Engineer.

Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire. (Chirurgiae Magister ), Master in Surgery.

Companion of St Michael and St George.

Companion of the Star of India.

Doctor of Civil Law.

Doctor of Divinity.

Litt. D. Doctor of Literature.

Doctor of Medicine (Oxford).

Doctor of Science.

Distinguished Service Order.

(Eboracensis ) of York.' Fellow of the Chemical Society.

(Fidei Defensor ), Defender of the Faith.

Fellow of the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons (Glasgow).

F.G.S. Fellow of the Geological Society.

F.K.Q.C.P.I. Fellow of King and Queen's College of Physicians in Ireland.

F.L.S. Fellow of the Linnaean Society.

F.M. Field Marshal.

F.P.S. Fellow of the Philological Society. F.R.A.S. Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society. F.R.C.P. Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians.

F.R.C.P.E. Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh. F.R.C.S. Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons. F.R.G.S. Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society. F.R.H.S. Fellow of the Royal Horticultural Society. F.R.Hist.Soc. Fellow of the Royal Historical Society. F.R.I.B.A. Fellow of the Royal Institution of British Architects. F.R.S. Fellow of the Royal Society.

F.R.S.E. Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. F.R.S.L. Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature.

F.S.A. Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries.

F.S.S. Fellow of the Statistical Society.

F.Z.S. Fellow of the Zoological Society.

G.C.B. Knight Grand Cross of the Bath.

G.C.H. Knight Grand Cross of Hanover.

G.C.I.E. Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire.

G.C.M.G. Knight Grand Cross of St Michael and St George. Knight Grand Commander of the Star of India. Knight Grand Commander of the Victorian Order. His or Her Highness.

His or Her Imperial Highness.

His or Her Imperial Majesty.

His or Her Majesty.

His or Her Royal Highness.

His or Her Serene Highness.


(Juris Canonici Doctor, or Juris Civilis Doctor ), Doctor of Canon or Civil Law.

(Juris utriusque Doctor ), Doctor of Civil and Canon Law. Justice of the Peace.

King's Counsel.

Knight Commander of the Bath.

K.C.I.E. Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. K.C.M.G. Knight Commander of St Michael and St George. K.C.S.I. Knight Commander of the Star of India.

K.C.V.O. Knight Commander of the Victorian Order.

K.G. Knight of the Garter.

K.P. Knight of St Patrick.

K.T. Knight of the Thistle.

L.A.H. Licentiate of the Apothecaries' Hall.

L.C.C. London County Council, or Councillor.

L.C.J. Lord Chief Justice.

1 An archbishop or bishop, in writing his signature, substitutes for his surname the name of his see; thus the prelates of Canterbury, York, Oxford, London, &c., subscribe themselves with their initials (Christian names only), followed by Cantuar., Ebor., Oxon., Londin. (sometimes London.), &c.

L.J. Lord Justice.

L.L.A. Lady Literate in Arts.

LL.B. (Legum Baccalaureus ), Bachelor of Laws.

LL.D. (Legum Doctor ), Doctor of Laws.

LL.M. (Legum Magister ), Master of Laws.

L.R.C.P. Licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians. L.R.C.S. Licentiate of the Royal College of Surgeons.

L.S.A. Licentiate of the Apothecaries' Society.

M.A. Master of Arts.

M.B. (Medicinae Baccalaureus ), Bachelor of Medicine.

M.C. Member of Congress.

M.D. (Medicinae Doctor ), Doctor of Medicine. M.Inst.C.E. Member of the Institute of Civil Engineers.

M.P. Member of Parliament.

M.R. Master of the Rolls.

M.R.C.P. Member of the Royal College of Physicians. M.R.C.S. Member of the Royal College of Surgeons. M.R.I.A. Member of the Royal Irish Academy. Mus.B. Bachelor of Music.

Mus.D. Doctor of Music.

M.V.O. Member of the Victorian Order.

N.P. Notary Public.

O.M. Order of Merit.

P.C. Privy Councillor.

Ph.D. (Philosophiae Doctor ), Doctor of Philosophy.

P. P. Parish Priest.

P.R.A. President of the Royal Academy.

R. (Rex, Regina ), King, Queen.

R. & I. et Imperator. R.A. Royal Academician, Royal Artillery.

R.A.M. Royal Academy of Music.

R.E. Royal Engineers. Reg. Prof. Regius Professor.

R.M. Royal Marines, Resident Magistrate.

R.N. Royal Navy.

S. or St. Saint.

S.S.C. Solicitor before the Supreme Courts [of ]. S.T.P.

V. C. V.G.

V. S. W.S.

2. Abbreviations Denoting Monies, Weights, And Measures.2 ac. acre. lb. or lb. (libra), pound (weight)..

bar. barrel. m. or mi. mile, minute.

bus. bushel. m. minim.

c. cent. mo. month.

c. (or cub.) ft. &c. cubic foot,&c. na. nail.

cwt. hundredweight. oz. ounce.

d. (denarius), penny. pk. peck. deg. degree.

dr. drachm or dram. po. pole.

pt. pint.

(quadrans ), farthing.

dwt. pennyweight. q.

f. franc. qr. quarter.

fl. florin. qt. quart.

ft. foot. ro. rood.

fur. furlong. Rs.3 rupees.

gal. gallon. s. or / (solidus), shilling.

gr. grain. s. or sec. second.

h. or hr. hour. sc. or scr. scruple.

hhd. hogshead. sq. ft. &c. square foot, &c.

in. inch. st. stone.

kilo. kilometre. yd. yard.

L., 2 £, 2 or 1. (libra), pound (money).

3. Miscellaneous Abbreviations.

A. Accepted.

A.C. (Ante Christum ), Before Christ.

acc., a/c. or acct. Account.

A.D. (Anno Domini), In the year of our Lord.

A.E.I.O.U. Austriae est imperare orbi universo, 4 or Alles Erdreich Ist Oesterreich Unterthan.

Aet. or Aetat. ( Aetatis, [anno] ), In the year of his age.

A.H. (Anno Hegirae ), In the year of the Hegira (the Mohammedan. era).

Characters, not properly abbreviations, are used in the same way; e.g. ° ' " for "degrees, minutes, seconds " (circular measure); 3, for "ounces, drachms, scruples." 3 is probably to be traced to the written form of the z in "oz." 3 These forms (as well as $, the symbol for the American dollar) are placed before their amounts.

4 I is given to Austria to rule the whole earth. The device of. Austria, first adopted by Frederick III.

C .A. C.B. C.E. C.I.E. C.M. C.M.G. C.S.I. D.C.L. D.D. D.Lit. or D. M. D.Sc. D.S.O. Ebor. F.C.S. F .D. F.F.P.S.

G.C.S.I. G.C.V.O. H.H. H.I.H. H.I.M. H.M. H.R.H. H.S.H. J.


J.U.D. J .P.

K.C. K.C.B.

(Sacrosanctae Theologiae Professor ), Professor of Sacred Theology.

Vice-Chancellor, Victoria Cross.


Veterinary Surgeon.

Writer to the Signet [in Scotland]. Equivalent to Attorney. A.M. ( Anno Mundi ), In the year of the world.

A.M. (Ante meridiem ), Forenoon.

Anon. Anonymous.

A.U.C. (Anno urbis conditae ), In the year from the building of the city (i.e. Rome).

A.V. Authorized version of the Bible.

b. born. B.V.M. The Blessed Virgin Mary.

B.C. Before Christ.

c. circa, about.

C. or Cap. ( Caput ), Chapter.

C. Centigrade (or Celsius's) Thermometer.

cent.' (Centum ), A hundred, frequently £ioo. Cf. or cp. ( Confer ), Compare. Ch. or Chap. Chapter.

C.M.S. Church Missionary Society. Co. Company, County. C.O.D. Cash on Delivery.

Cr. Creditor.

curt. Current, the present month.

d. died.

D.G. (Dei gratia ), By the grace of God.

Do. Ditto, the same.

D.O.M. (Deo Optimo Maximo ), To God the Best and Greatest.

Dr. Debtor.

D.V. (Deo volente ), God willing.

E.& O.E. Errors and omissions excepted.

e.g. (Exempli gratia ), For example.

etc. or &c. ( Et caetera ), And the rest; and so forth. Ex. Example.

F. or Fahr. Fahrenheit's Thermometer.

Fec. (Fecit ), He made (or did) it.

fl. Flourished.

Fo. or Fol. Folio.

f.o.b. Free on board.

G.P.O. General Post Office.

H.M.S. His Majesty's Ship, or Service. Ib. or Ibid. ( Ibidem ), In the same place.

Id. (Idem ), The same.

i.e. (Id est ), That is.

I.H.S. A symbol for "Jesus," derived from the first three letters of the Greek (I H E); the correct origin was lost sight of, and the Romanized letters were then interpreted erroneously as standing for Jesus, Hominum Salvator, the Latin " h " and Greek long " e " being confused. I.M.D.G. ( In majorem Dei gloriam ), To the greater glory of God.

Inf. (Infra ), Below.

Inst. Instant, the present month. I.O.U. I owe you.

i.q. (Idem guod ), The same as.

K.T.X. (Kai ra Xoeira), Et caetera, and the rest. L. or Lib. (Liber), Book.

Lat. Latitude.

1.c. (Loco citato ), In the place cited. Lon. or Long. Longitude.

L.S. (Locus sigilli), The place of the seal. Mem. ( Memento ), Remember, Memorandum.

MS. Manuscript. MSS. Manuscripts.

N.B. (Nota bene ), Mark well; take notice.

N.B. North Britain (i.e. Scotland).

N. D. No date.

nem. con. (Nemine contradicente ), No one contradicting.

No. (Numero ), Number.

N.S. New Style.

N.T. New Testament.

ob. (Obiit ), Died.

Obs. Obsolete.

O.H.M.S. On His Majesty's Service. O.S. Old Style.

O.S.B. Ordo Sancti Benedicti (Benedictines).

O.T. Old Testament.

P. Page. Pp. Pages.

(Per ), For; e.g. lb., For one pound.

Pinx. (Pinxit ), He painted it.

P.M. (Post Meridiem ), Afternoon.

P.O. Post Office, Postal Order.

P.O.O. Post Office Order.

P.P.C. (Pour prendre conge ), To take leave. P. R. Prize-ring.

prox. (Proximo [mense] ), Next month.

P.S. Postscript.

Pt. Part.

p.t. or pro tem. ( Pro tempore ), For the time.

P.T.O. Please turn over.

Q., Qu., or Qy. Query; Question.

q.d. (Quasi dicat ), As if he should say; as much as to say. Q.E.D. (Quod erat demonstrandum ), Which was to be demonstrated. Q.E.F. (Quod erat faciendum ), Which was to be done.

' "Per cent." is often signified by %, a form traceable to "100." q.s. or quant. suff. ( Quantum sufficit ), As much as is sufficient. q.v. (Quod vide ), Which see.

R. or II. (Recipe), Take.

(= r. for radix ), The sign of the square root.

R.I.P. (Requiescat in pace! ), May he rest in peace!

R.S.V.P. (Rcspondez s'il vous plait ), Please reply.

sc. (Scilicet ), Namely; that is to say.

Sc. or Sculp. ( Sculpsit ), He engraved it.

S.D.U.K. Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. seq.or sq., seqq. or sqq. ( Sequens, sequentia ), The following.

S.J. Society of Jesus.

s.p. (Sine prole ), Without offspring.

S.P.C.K. Society for the Promotion of Christian Knowledge. S.P.G. Society for the Propagation of the Gospel.


S.T.B. Doctor, Bachelor, Licentiate of Theology.


Sup. (Supra ), Above.

s.v. (Sub voce ), Under the word (or heading). T.C.D. Trinity College, Dublin.

ult. (Ultimo [mense] ), Last month.

U.S. United States.

U.S.A. United States of America.

v. (Versus ), Against.

v. or vid. (Vide), See.

viz. (Videlicet ), Namely Xmas. Christmas. This X is a Greek letter, corresponding to Ch. See also Graevius's Thesaurus Antiquitatum (1694, sqq.); Nicolai's Tractatus de Sighs Veterum; Mommsen's Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum (1863, sqq.); Natalis de Wailly's Paleographie (Paris, 18.38); Alph. Chassant's Paleographie (1854), and Dictionnaire des Abreviations (3rd ed. 1866); Campelli, Dizionario di Abbreviature (1899).

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Chisholm, Hugh, General Editor. Entry for 'Abbreviated Titles and Designations'. 1911 Encyclopedia Britanica. 1910.

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