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1911 Encyclopedia Britannica
A four-wheeled carriage with a separate hooded seat behind, detached from the body of the vehicle; so called from having been first used in Berlin. It was designed about 1670, by a Piedmontese architect in the service of the elector of Brandenburg. It was used as a travelling carriage, and Swift refers to it in his advice to authors "who scribble in a berlin." As an adjective, the word is used to indicate a special kind of goods, originally made in Berlin, of which the best known is Berlin wool. A Berlin warehouse is a shop for the sale of wools and fancy goods (cf. Italian warehouse). The spelling "berlin" is also used by Sir Walter Scott for the "birlinn," a large Gaelic rowing-boat.
These files are public domain.
Chisholm, Hugh, General Editor. Entry for 'Berlin (Carriage)'. 1911 Encyclopedia Britanica. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/bri/b/berlin-carriage.html. 1910.