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1911 Encyclopedia Britannica
The relative motion of the earth and the heavens, which results from the rotation of our globe on its axis in a direction from west toward east. The actual motion consists in this rotation. But the term is commonly applied to the resultant apparent revolution of the heavens from east to west, the axis of which passes through the celestial poles, and is coincident in direction with the axis of the earth.
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Chisholm, Hugh, General Editor. Entry for 'Diurnal Motion'. 1911 Encyclopedia Britanica. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/bri/d/diurnal-motion.html. 1910.