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1911 Encyclopedia Britannica
The name given generally to a long series of acts constituting one of the most important chapters in the history of English labour legislation (see Labour Legislation); the term "factory" itself being short for manufactory, a building or collection of buildings in which men or women are employed in industry.
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Chisholm, Hugh, General Editor. Entry for 'Factory Acts'. 1911 Encyclopedia Britanica. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/bri/f/factory-acts.html. 1910.